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# Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial

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BSchool Forum Moderator
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Re: Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 11:37
Hi,
IMO it should be C.
I did narrowed down the choice between B & C.
Reason for rejecting B: Doesn't matter that vitamins are present or not.. as if they are present.. then get absorbed (mentioned in the stem), and if not present in food then good.. as no drawback.
hence left with C.
Please guide my reasoning.
Thanks
Celestial

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Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 14:10
Imo A

The columnist seems to focused on the lack of nutrition

B is out of scope because the passage isn't about foods with fat

C close but the extended period section is out of scope
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Re: Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 18:08
Really close one between A and B. I pick B.

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Re: Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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17 May 2015, 02:07
Undoubtedly A,

Doesn't seem like a 700-level question!

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Re: Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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20 May 2015, 05:04
souvik101990 wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat

(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health

(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats

(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats

1. If A is true, the argument falls apart .Hence needs to be considered and hence correct.
2. B is irrelevant
3. C does not talk about artificial fat.
4. D,E Out of scope

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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2015, 05:09
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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2015, 01:38
My 2 cents..
[Conclusion] Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake.

[Premise]
Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
>> We can nullify the - effect of the AF by if this is true else conclusion stands valid.

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
>> irrelevant.
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2015, 07:03
I believe the answer is (B) as the argument given by the columnist is that the serious drawback of artificial fat is that it absorbs "certain" essential vitamins that are otherwise used by the body. Now the first thing that we need to determine is that whether the food which contains artificial fat actually contains those "certain" vitamins which can be absorbed by the artificial fat. If those vitamins are not present in the food, then the argument won't hold in first place.

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 11:55
sidhant10 wrote:
I believe the answer is (B) as the argument given by the columnist is that the serious drawback of artificial fat is that it absorbs "certain" essential vitamins that are otherwise used by the body. Now the first thing that we need to determine is that whether the food which contains artificial fat actually contains those "certain" vitamins which can be absorbed by the artificial fat. If those vitamins are not present in the food, then the argument won't hold in first place.

true, i agree with your explanation. the "CERTAIN ESSENTIAL VITAMINS" part is very important. you can nullify the effect but does it validate or invalidate the fact that the extra vitamins belong to that set of "CERTAIN ESSENTIAL VITAMINS"?? what if those extra vitamins also get absorbed?? i was down to A and B obviously but chose B over A only because of the "CERTAIN ESSENTIAL VITAMINS" part. Experts help please???

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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 11:55
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-48998.html

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2015, 05:03
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Advanced CR: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 00:18
Hi Souvik101990,

I can understand the reasoning behind A.But I have a doubt regarding choice B.

Option B says that "Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat".Now if a vitamin,which is generally absorbed by the fat, can be present in the same food with the fat,then that means the fat cannot absorb that vitamin and the entire argument falls apart.So doesn't B qualify as the correct answer choice??

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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19 May 2016, 04:19
stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats

The health problem is that artificial fat absorbs certain essential vitamins, and hence prevent these vitamins to be used by the body.

We have to evaluate the argument and focus only on the 'absorption and utilization of vitamins' by the body.

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat. That means external intake of vitamins can compensate the poor absorption. This is certainly helping to evaluate the argument.
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat. We are concerned about the absorption or availability of the vitamins to body. Presence of vitamins doesn't promise the availability.
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health. not concerned about endangering health.
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats. Not concerned about preparing food using artificial fat.
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats. Not concerned about the taste
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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2016, 09:48
When you are asked to evaluate a CR question you have to find the answer that can strengthen or weaken the argument with respect to the response you give. It is necessary to have both outcomes when evaluating the sentence.

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat. If yes, does this means that the vitamin contained in the food compensate for the loss from the artifical fat? Maybe yes, maybe no so we don't realy know. If no, then nothing really happens with the argument.

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat. If yes, this means that medical advice can still be valid giving that the corresponding patient can take vitamins to compensate for this loss. The argument is destroyed and the columnist's advice is no longer valid.
If no, it completely supports the columnist's claim because it confirms the negative effect from the artificial fat.

This advice is taken from Magoosh, Manhattan and GMAT Official materials.

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 14:25
conclusion: People should avoid using artificial FAT.
Reason given for this conclusion: artificial FAT is dangerous because it absorbs essential vitamins.

IF you can remove that danger then intake of artificial FAT is fine. is there a way? is there something that can balance out the absorbed vitamin? choice A presents the similar statement to evaluate.
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2016, 05:49
According to me, the conclusion in this argument is:People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake

And it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body. - is the premise which is helping the conclusion.

According to my understanding, in evaluate questions, the answer should affect the conclusion. Could you explain how A affects the conclusion here.
I selected C here,my reasoning:
low fat intake endangers health?Yes: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat (strengthened)
low fat intake endangers health?No: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat (Weakened)

I see A is affecting just the premise. Am I missing something?

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 03:00
Most people seem to have a contention between A and B.

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat (The artificial fat would absorb the vitamins which is present in the food)

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat (Thus, you will have to increase your vitamin intake)

Answer is A.

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2016, 03:41
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Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake.

Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback:

it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat

(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat

the question is not that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods or not. Even if it is not present in food, the absorption can happen in body itself. if you ingest artificial fat and it absorbs essential vitamin inside the body,reventing them from being used by the body - still the harm.

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 08:30
stevegt wrote:
Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial fat that has been touted as a resource for those whose medical advisers have advised them to reduce their fat intake. Although the artificial fat, which can be used in place of fat in food preparation, has none of the negative health effects of fat, it does have a serious drawback: it absorbs certain essential vitamins, thereby preventing them from being used by the body.

In evaluating the columnist's position, it would be most useful to determine which of the following?

(A) Whether increasing one's intake of the vitamins can compensate for the effects of the artificial fat
(B) Whether the vitamins that the artificial fat absorbs are present in foods that contain the fat
(C) Whether having an extremely low fat intake for an extended period can endanger the health
(D) Whether there are any foods that cannot be prepared using the artificial fat as a substitute for other fats
(E) Whether people are generally able to detect differences in taste between foods prepared using the artificial fat and foods that are similar except for the use of other fats

Answer to A can help to strengthen/weaken the conclusion. Rest are out of scope
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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2017, 05:35
Hi !
I felt the answer must be B.
I feel option A is also a good statement but i don't understand why not to pick B ?

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Re: Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2017, 05:35

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# Columnist: People should avoid using a certain artificial

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