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# Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 15:11
gmatmember85 wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthalsappear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

A)appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
B)appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
C)appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
D)appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
E)appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I am confused between B, C, D

to face any obstacle and for facing any obstacle is the only split I'm able to make clearly.

Thanks

appear for - just jumps in the eyes, screaming for attention!
A and E make the idiom error - appear for.

appear AS - again a 100% incorrect usage of AS.
C and D are out right away.

B stands

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2017, 23:53
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

GMATNinja, DmitryFarber, Could you help to assist me on this problem? I am struggling with the verb tense/perfect infinitive (to have VERBed).

What is the intended meaning and timeline of this question?

There seems to have been some sort of mistake.
This picture is thought to have been painted by a pupil of Rembrandt's.
My new car was to have been delivered today but there was a problem with the paintwork.
Documents seen by the Guardian show that at least \$20bn appears to have been moved out of Russia during a four-year period between 2010 and 2014.

Imperfections APPEAR AS tiny cracks.
The building APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN used as a place of worship.
The dinosaurs APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN relatively smart.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2017, 06:49
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - usage of as is incorrect - As is used for comparison , to denote simultaneous action , role and reason . Usage of "for facing" is also incorrect here as it fails to present the intent of being equipped.
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - Correct
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths, - usage of as is incorrect ;The use of paths is incorrect since the sentence refers to the Neanderthals collectively as a species
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths, - usage of as is incorrect ; Simple present is needed as the sentence presents some general facts about Neanderthals.
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - Usage of "for facing" is also incorrect here as it fails to present the intent of being equipped. Simple present is needed as the sentence presents some general facts about Neanderthals.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 05:44
Hi JarvisR,
Thanks for a great explanation. Still, can't get one moment:
Quote:
. D/E r out as not ||: Neanderthals appear .... , but their.. indicates [We r talking abt the past events of Neanderthals in present so lets keep them ||]

So what from that we are talking about them in the present? ...Neanderthals appeared in the past as species of humans; they became extinct about 40,000 years ago..Could you pls clarify why using present T here is more correct than using past T?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 May 2017, 22:02
Chose E over B. Logic behind choosing ???
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - (appear ??? Present Tense. It should be past)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - (appeared ??? Past Tense, thus Correct)
Chose the Past Tense ,since probable appearance of Neanderthals is in Past. Can anyone please clarify why B is correct ??

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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26 May 2017, 21:48
The option D isn't correctly typed in the question.
I think it should have "paths" in the end.

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 02:34
nainy05 wrote:
The option D isn't correctly typed in the question.
I think it should have "paths" in the end.

In my opinion, "path" is OK. It is not meant that each Neanderthal had a different path. As a group they had a path, though "paths" would also be alright.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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27 May 2017, 04:02
tejal777 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 755
Page: 700

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

========================
Can any1 put detailed and precise choice...???
As option B seems not clear as to have equipped and to face is not at all looks precise and clear..

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2017, 00:28
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

Appear to be is idiomatic, so a,c,d out
Appear to have been equipped is past perfect tense, which signifies that though it started in the past, it still continues to present, that the neandarthals were equipped. Appear to be is idoimatic hence have+been+past participle is used against have+past participle.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2017, 00:46
I was confused by appear/appeared. Is there a link or additional information somewhere on how to best identify when the verb should be parallel with events in the past vs evidence is current and refers to a past event/characteristic?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 03:26
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

as...as -> is the idiom, therefore A,C,D are out because they do not comply with this idiom´s structure
b/w B & E -> "indicates" in later part of the sentence implies that we are talking in the present tense & therefore "appear" in Option B is correct and "appeared" in Option E is incorrect.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2017, 13:24
Could someone help me with the clarification about Subject - Verb agreement here?

Is the Neanderthals singular or plural.
It appears to be plural : appear
However, later in the sentence,
appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path

Why the path is singular and not plural (paths)?
Thanks.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2017, 18:18
IMO B.

The sentence starts with "combining enormous.." which indicates present tense therefore use "appear" and eliminate D and E.
"Appear to" is the correct idiom to go with.

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2017, 17:59
Apart from OA, I think the GMAT always lets you eliminate 50% of the answer choices. I always look at the end of the sentence too because thats where the hints may be placed. It is common approach to read left to right and doing so will cost us valuable time and the test makers know this.

1) the correct usage is 'equipped to face' not 'equipped for facing'. Eliminate A & E
2) the noun 'path' must be singular since the inference is to the journey of a species. Eliminate C & D
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 13:29
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 19:08
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
- "as equipped for facing" = INCORRECT. should be "appeared TO face"

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
- correct as is

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
- "paths" should be "path"

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
- "appeared" should be "appear" to maintain //ism with verb outside of underline "indicates"

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
- same as "A" ("for facing" error). same as "D" ("appeared" error)

tricky problem. key takeaways:
> "appeared FOR facing" = incorrect structure; "appeared TO face" = ideal structure
> LOOK OUTSIDE OF SENTENCE TO GAUGE VERB TENSE (i.e. spot "indicates" -- means sentence is PRESENT TENSE...therefore, "appeared" = INCORRECT)

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 02:42
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

Do we have any scenario in which the use of plural "paths" is correct?

Regard,

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 01:51
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

NOTE : This question gives us a BIG TAKEAWAY, never miss the non-underlined part. Read the complete sentence. Because here from the non-underlined part we come to know about the TENSE of the sentence, which helps in choosing between appear VS appeared!

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

ANALYSING THE ERRORS IN THE ORIGINAL SENTENCE :

1. equipped to VERB VS equipped for VERBING
Equipped To VERB -- IDIOMATIC USAGE
Equipped For VERBING -- NON IDIOMATIC USAGE

2. appear as equipped VS appeared as equipped VS appear to have been equipped
Appear as equipped -- it implies as if neanderthals right now appear as equipped. However, as per the intended meaning of the sentence neanderthals are extinct now. INCORRECT
Appear to have been equipped -- when we say that Neanderthals appear to have been equipped, we do not mean that neanderthals are equipped right now. They were equipped sometime in the past. However, this fact is what appears to us now.
Appeared as equipped -- The use of simple present ‘indicates’ in the second independent clause indicates that the sentence is talking about the present. Therefore, we need simple present “appear” as the verb, instead of “appeared”. Logically also, the sentence seems to say that it ‘appears’ that Neanderthals were equipped. It doesn’t seem to say that it so appeared in the past but not now.

3. PATH vs PATHS
As we are talking of a single obstacle, so we must be talking of a single path and not multiple paths. Therefore, usage of "path" is logical.

After POE, only choice B remains.

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