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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2014, 05:56
appear to is a good construction rather than appear as .

To face is more meaningful than for facing

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 02:18
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, [ing modifier modifying Neanderthals by acting as adjective]
the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,[first clause] but
their relatively sudden disappearance
during the Paleolithic era [NP modifying the disappearance]
indicates that [verb of second clause]
an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

1.This book seems to have been published -> This book has already been published at sometime in the past.

2.He seems to be ready for war Vs He seems as ready for war.
Which makes sense? Former.

3.sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era -> a past event, so lets go for to have been instead of as. A,C and D r out.

4. D/E r out as not ||: Neanderthals appear .... , but their.. indicates [We r talking abt the past events of Neanderthals in present so lets keep them ||]

5. B vs E:
to verb : to describe the intention
for verbing: “for” is a preposition, it can modify either a noun or a verb.

Why do they appear ready? Whats the reason behind that? to face obstacle. [Intention is to face any obstacle.]

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 06:50
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?


Does anyone eliminate A, C, and D because "X appear as Y" = "X show up as Y" --> X||Y (noun-noun)? Here the Neanderthals is a noun but equipped is not --> A, C, & D are incorrect.

Then eliminate E because of "equipped to do st" not "equipped for doing st"?

I approach this question in this way but not sure if it's correct.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2014, 02:24
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

Appear as means - Visible as, Moreover we need to show the past time frame so appear is wrong in choice A,C,and D.
Paths is wrong in choice C & D
Equipped for is wrong. Here we want to show the intention , so equipped to face is correct to use.

Hence: Choice B is the correct answer
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2014, 22:20
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?


split is between appear & appeared - appear is parallel to relatively - both are present tense - we will pick appear
Now between A,B,C
A- equipped for - wrong- out
B- have been equipped to - past perfect & correct idiom - Correct OA
C- Simple past - wrong usage
Hope it helps
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2014, 22:24
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This is not an easy one, lets move gradually with splits.

appear Vs appeared split

We need a present tense verb.

We can eliminate D and E.

the Neanderthals appear ................................, but their .......................... indicates [This is the clue and the decision point top select present time verb appear.]

appear and indicates both are present tense verb and hence parallel.

equipped to equipped for. This is an Idiomatic split. equipped to is the correct Idiom.
So A and E are out.

We are down to B and C.

Understanding the meaning and Sequence of tense:
Something is appearing to us now, but in past(the Neanderthals).

There is a tricky and very subtle contrast, you have to understand here how often GMAT uses contrast and mix it with the sequencing of tenses, you will find 3-4 questions like this in Gmat prep question pack 1 that has a total 75 SC question.

C is unable to justify the contrast and leaves some ounce of ambiguous thought. so the selection of B over C is based on sequence of tenses, meaning and contrast, have been clearly confirms that something is in past and is appearing to us/author in the present, but it no more exists. indicates was the clue to have this decision without any ambiguity.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 07:17
The Correct ans is 'B'

Here is why?

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
There is purpose for which the Neanderthals are euipped ,therefore 'for facing' is wrong .It should be 'to face'.
euipped shpuld pe followed by infinitive ,hence 'as ' is wrong here.

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
both the errors mentioned above is correct,Keep it. Present tense has been used here ,which is parallel to 'indicates' tense used in 'but clause'. Correct

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
'paths' should be 'path' because Neanderthals is treated as species not individuals.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,


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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2014, 23:32
Hi EducationAisle,

Can you please confirm that "the use 'have been' after 'to', doesn't mean that the phrase is in present perfect". Can you please help me in concreting this concept with a few examples. I jsut copied it from others and some other posts seems to urge for present tense (though IMO it shouldn't have a present tense).
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2014, 02:34
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I believe, there are 2 parallel entities here
the Neanderthals appear
era indicates that an

Hence appeared cannot be correct. D, E are out
appear as, changes are meaning (Look like something)
Hence eliminate A & C

Please help if any better reasoning. Kudos :-D :banana

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2014, 02:56
Hi sinzrocks,
In addition to what u have mentioned, "paths" shall be sing "path".
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2015, 14:12
Without a doubt, the most difficult and controversial question in the OG

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 16:46
Can we eliminate the choices using Verb-ing and Verb-ed modifiers also ???

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,


hi smartyguy,

firstly here the modifier 'Neanderthals' is correctly used and is also in non underlined portion...
what else is this question testing....
1) appear as vs appear to...
appear as someone/something eg.. moon appears as a ball from earth...
appear to be... as in this case, appear to have been equipped is correct..
2) appear vs appeared..
as we are talking of future in past ('could' shows future of a past event ).... and also we are talking in present about a past incident.. appear wins over appeared..
3) a small point .. in most cases you will find infinitive form equipped to face better than equipped for facing..

if we see above three points only B remains...
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2015, 09:30
How can the OA be B? Isn't wrong the idiom "equipped to"?

I thought that the correct idiom was "equipped for". Experts, are you there?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2015, 03:21
Difficult question. In order to correctly answer this question, I think one needs to know about 'perfect infinitive'.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2015, 03:33
I would like to add that 'paths' is also wrong here. Because it means every neanderthal had his or her own path:)
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2015, 23:12
Ergenekon wrote:
Difficult question. In order to correctly answer this question, I think one needs to know about 'perfect infinitive'.

Strictly speaking, even without knowing perfect infinitives, the correct answer can be arrived at, through process of elimination.

equipped to is the right idiom and so, A and E are out. C and D use paths, but since the sentence refers to the Neanderthals collectively as a species, the use of paths is incorrect.

Nevertheless, knowledge of perfect infinitives can come in handy on GMAT, because they can indeed be tested and are very flexible: They can act either as present perfect, past perfect or (in some rare cases) as simple past, and always indicate that the action in the perfect infinitive happened before the action of the main verb of the clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses perfect infinitive, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section. In fact, it’s interesting that our book actually refers to this very official question in the section on perfect infinitives.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2015, 14:43
- My take on why C is wrong : we should use "as if" to show how some one or something looks/sounds/feels
- The use of 'as' is to compare 2 things in the same time/period

Let me know what you guys think

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2015, 19:57
If in C we replace paths with path, will that be the correct sentence?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Naina1 wrote:
If in C we replace paths with path, will that be the correct sentence?



hi Naina1,


what is this question testing....
1) appear as vs appear to...
appear as someone/something eg.. moon appears as a ball from earth...
appear to be... as in this case, appear to have been equipped is correct..

2) appear vs appeared..
as we are talking of future in past ('could' shows future of a past event ).... and also we are talking in present about a past incident.. appear wins over appeared..
3) a small point .. in most cases you will find infinitive form equipped to face better than equipped for facing..

lets see choice C if paths is changed to path..
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

as you can see appear as is not appropriate here .. appear to is better used here..
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2015, 20:03

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