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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2015, 00:04
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
usage of "appear as" shows that they still appear hence wrong + for facing doesn't conveys the intended meaning

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
Correct

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
same as A + paths must be path

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
Usage of "appeared as" showed in past hence changes the intended meaning + paths must be path

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
Same as D

Hence B
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2015, 01:03
'Appear to have been' seems the correct idiomatic usage.
This leave us with B & E.
B follows parallelism, usage of same tense!!
[Neanderthals appear.... Sudden disappearance indicates]
Therefore B is the best choice!

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Quote:
this isn't a present perfect construction, because it's actually an infinitive.
i.e., it's not "they have been equipped"; it's "they appear TO HAVE been equipped".

in any case, you should probably just memorize this construction as a one-off idiomatic structure. if you say "they seemed/appeared to...", then, no matter how remote the event is (in time), you use this construction.

for instance:
it seems that the students cheated on the exam
(normal past tense in this construction)
but...
the students seem to have cheated on the exam
(not here)

i don't really have a good explanation for this, other than "i'm a writer with a firm command of formal english, and i know that it is so" and "you should just think of it as an idiom". sorry i can't do better than that.

in any case, though, you DO have to use an infinitive after "appear" or "seem" in this sort of construction. and if you think about it, this is as past-tense as an infinitive can get. so that's why you have to use it.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2015, 13:37
Hi Although I am new to gmc I am trying to solve the question in the e-gmat style.

to+verb is used for showing intention for doing some action.
Example- pakistan attacked kashmir to Invade india.
here is an Intention of attacking and this intention is to invade india.
for+verbing is used to modify verb or noun. It denotes some relation to the entity it modifies.
Example- Sachin tendulkar is awarded for playing great cricket.
Similarly
The original sentence conveys that Neatherthals appear to face any obstacle. There is intention.
We can eliminate A & E. Now we are left with B , C & D.
In C & D there is word "paths" which is not correct.
B is correctly using Modifier and is correct choice.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2015, 07:47
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Before Jumping to Question let's talk about usage of As
used to
1. Compare - " Ganguly is as good as Sachin (is)" , here as needs clause "Sachin is"
2. Simultaneous Action - "I am talking as I am writing " Here as needs clause "I am writing"
3. Role - "I am working as Tester" - Here as need noun.

above are roles played by As, if As is not playing any of the above role in your sentence then it is wrong (to almost in every occurrence ")

Meaning Analysis :
the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle, but reality is different. (Shortcut meaning - Excuse me for this)

POE
"As" in option A,c and D does not play any standard role as mentioned above. More over, as is not followed by full clause. Hence option A,C and D can be marked incorrect on this ground.

In option B and Option E, only difference is
"equipped to face" Vs "equipped for facing" Here Equipped for is not correct, we always say "I am equipped to solve this efficiently" we never say "I am equipped for doing x work"
Moreover Infinitve is used to show the purpose instead of preposition (For).

"Neanderthals appear as equipped" (for some purpose )"to face any obstacle.

Hence option B is correct

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 01:58
Worked with idioms only, "Appear to" ..." equipped to".

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2016, 01:57
I solved this question with idiom usage.
Both "Appear to" and "equipped to" are correct construction.
"Appear as" and "equipped for" are incorrect usage.....


Is this concept correct? If I am wrong then please correct me.

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honchos wrote:
This is not an easy one, lets move gradually with splits.

appear Vs appeared split

We need a present tense verb.

We can eliminate D and E.

the Neanderthals appear ................................, but their .......................... indicates [This is the clue and the decision point top select present time verb appear.]

appear and indicates both are present tense verb and hence parallel.

equipped to equipped for. This is an Idiomatic split. equipped to is the correct Idiom.
So A and E are out.

We are down to B and C.

Understanding the meaning and Sequence of tense:
Something is appearing to us now, but in past(the Neanderthals).

There is a tricky and very subtle contrast, you have to understand here how often GMAT uses contrast and mix it with the sequencing of tenses, you will find 3-4 questions like this in Gmat prep question pack 1 that has a total 75 SC question.

C is unable to justify the contrast and leaves some ounce of ambiguous thought. so the selection of B over C is based on sequence of tenses, meaning and contrast, have been clearly confirms that something is in past and is appearing to us/author in the present, but it no more exists. indicates was the clue to have this decision without any ambiguity.


Thanks for your explanation. I'd like to ask that whether we can understand it this way.
The Neanderthals had been equipped for any obstacle before some environmental change led to their extinction.
Therefore, the Neanderthals appear to us now that they had been equipped, but their disappearance indicates that environmental change led to their extinction.

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 01:02
Hello,

Can anyone please confirm whether the as..as pair is mandatory in such sentences as given in the question above?

Thanks

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2016, 07:01
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?



IMO Neanderthals appear (SV Agreement). So D & E are out.

Idiomatically equipped to is correct.

B is the best answer

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 16:11
gmatmember85 wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthalsappear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

A)appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
B)appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
C)appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
D)appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
E)appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I am confused between B, C, D

to face any obstacle and for facing any obstacle is the only split I'm able to make clearly.

Please help with a solid reason of why you eliminated C, D and chose B.

Thanks


appear for - just jumps in the eyes, screaming for attention!
A and E make the idiom error - appear for.

appear AS - again a 100% incorrect usage of AS.
C and D are out right away.

B stands

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2017, 00:53
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,


GMATNinja, DmitryFarber, Could you help to assist me on this problem? I am struggling with the verb tense/perfect infinitive (to have VERBed).

What is the intended meaning and timeline of this question?

There seems to have been some sort of mistake.
This picture is thought to have been painted by a pupil of Rembrandt's.
My new car was to have been delivered today but there was a problem with the paintwork.
Documents seen by the Guardian show that at least $20bn appears to have been moved out of Russia during a four-year period between 2010 and 2014.

Imperfections APPEAR AS tiny cracks.
The building APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN used as a place of worship.
The dinosaurs APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN relatively smart.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2017, 07:49
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - usage of as is incorrect - As is used for comparison , to denote simultaneous action , role and reason . Usage of "for facing" is also incorrect here as it fails to present the intent of being equipped.
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - Correct
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths, - usage of as is incorrect ;The use of paths is incorrect since the sentence refers to the Neanderthals collectively as a species
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths, - usage of as is incorrect ; Simple present is needed as the sentence presents some general facts about Neanderthals.
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - Usage of "for facing" is also incorrect here as it fails to present the intent of being equipped. Simple present is needed as the sentence presents some general facts about Neanderthals.

Answer B
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New post 19 May 2017, 06:44
Hi JarvisR,
Thanks for a great explanation. Still, can't get one moment:
Quote:
. D/E r out as not ||: Neanderthals appear .... , but their.. indicates [We r talking abt the past events of Neanderthals in present so lets keep them ||]

So what from that we are talking about them in the present? ...Neanderthals appeared in the past as species of humans; they became extinct about 40,000 years ago..Could you pls clarify why using present T here is more correct than using past T?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 23:02
Chose E over B. Logic behind choosing ???
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - (appear ??? Present Tense. It should be past)
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, - (appeared ??? Past Tense, thus Correct)
Chose the Past Tense ,since probable appearance of Neanderthals is in Past. Can anyone please clarify why B is correct ??
Thnx in advnace

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New post 26 May 2017, 22:48
The option D isn't correctly typed in the question.
I think it should have "paths" in the end.

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 03:34
nainy05 wrote:
The option D isn't correctly typed in the question.
I think it should have "paths" in the end.


In my opinion, "path" is OK. It is not meant that each Neanderthal had a different path. As a group they had a path, though "paths" would also be alright.

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