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# Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Director
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 06:47
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 755
Page: 700

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 08:32
tejal777 wrote:
Could anyone give an explanation why (B) is the correct answer.

Specifically, why " have been equipped " is correct usage. have been is present perfect which dictates any action started in the past but continues in the present. Since Neanderthal are extinct, how is this usage right ?

check this post by ron of beatthegmat,
http://www.beatthegmat.com/post176512.html#176512

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Director
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 16:02
Before posting Sc's I do i search in google to find ALL available threads..THEN if I still don't understand I post it here..so ya I came across that thread..was looking for alternative views
Thanks..this one is really really tough..Am wondering how come I can't find more discussions about it!!
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 16:14
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tejal777 wrote:
Before posting Sc's I do i search in google to find ALL available threads..THEN if I still don't understand I post it here..so ya I came across that thread..was looking for alternative views
Thanks..this one is really really tough..Am wondering how come I can't find more discussions about it!!

I too thought that because you just copied the "Specifically, why " have been ..................... how is this usage right ?" para from there, but what ron said is it is a idiom, and we cant have explanations for idioms, it is just the way they are. And we can always rely on Ron's post.
my approach was (may be wrong), i thought "appear to" is preferred to "appear as", and "equipped to" is better than "equipped for". I may be wrong, i think it is a problem from OG 12 ,if anybody has the official explanation please post here, that would be more helpful for the discussion.

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Director
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 18:31
Here's the OE..does'nt make any sense to me 'cos for SC i rely on Verbal gurus like you..Its too much verbal-technical if you know what i mean!I prefer explanation in simpler terms..tell you what..you understand from this and then make ME understand:)Kudos for the trouble!!

Verb form; Diction
Because Neanderthals “disappeared,” the verb
describing their apparent abilities cannot be
present tense, so as equipped must be changed to to
have been equipped. Th e expression equipped to face
is clearer and more direct than equipped for facing.
A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
prepositional phrase.
B Correct. Th e verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.
C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.
D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular.
E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infi nitive.
Th e correct answer is B.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2009, 02:32
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tejal777, sorry for the delay,
As typical of OG's explanation, i couldnt say anything better, other than 'appear' and 'indicates' have to be parallel and to be in present tense makes sense. 'as this is current evidence' mentioned in option D of OE, even thougn neanderthals didnt exist now, the evidence is true always.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2009, 23:46
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?

Last edited by Zarrolou on 27 May 2013, 15:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2009, 23:57
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As …as is idiom; and Choice A, C and D are out for the same reason

As for choice B the verb “appear” has invisible object “us” (appear to whom). As we are talking “the Neanderthals” in the present context. A present verb is required. Hence the correct answer

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 12:05
IMO D.

Past tense needed, so "appeared as" is fine. Moreover, "equipped to" is less wordier than "equipped for facing"

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 18:02
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The issue here is with 'appear as equipped to ..... ' . 'Appear as' indicates comparison but there's nothing to compare to in the sentence. So option B corrects that by using the correct usage of 'appear to have been equipped .....'. Hope this helps.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 18:25
I think it should be B, agree with pleonasm's reasoning. OA?

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2009, 23:52
4
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IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2009, 05:24
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path
, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the
environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?

C and D are out of reckoning as it should be path rather than paths ( we don't require plural of path).
E is obviously wrong as it uses the wrong tense of appear and also it is not parallel.
Choice boils down between A and B. Since 'appear as equipped' is not correct, it changes the meaning of the phrase, so B is the correct one.(IMO).
What is the OA anyway?
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2009, 05:32
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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".

MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2009, 14:29
1
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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".

MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.

The OA is B
more explanation: http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12-q-73-t38806.html
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2009, 22:16
No problem mate..
Cheers
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 23:11
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

OE given by OG wasn't clear to me.
Could someone explain appear as vs appear to?
I will post OA little later.
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Last edited by scheol79 on 25 Oct 2010, 09:16, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2010, 06:14
I think it's B b/c of appear vs appeared and have been equipped

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2010, 07:14
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B because of the Idiomatic use of 'Equipped'. ( i.e equipped to <Verb> ) and 'Appear' (i.e X appears as Y)
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2010, 11:06
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scheol79 wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

We know paths is wrong - removes C & D

The idiom is "appear to be" not "appear as". Therefore, A is out.

Between B & E - "have been" is the present perfect continuous tense - something that started in the past but continues in the PRESENT. Hence, the present tense - appear and not appeared.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2010, 11:06

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