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# Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2009, 23:46
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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 27 May 2013, 15:40, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2013, 12:14
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hi all,

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

some theory first

use of as
1. for comparison: ex: Amy takes care of the children in the day care as a mother does.

2. for simultaneous action: ex: As I was traveling in the subway, I noticed attended bags underneath the seat.

3. for giving reason: ex: Mary has substituted green tea for coffee as she wants to cut down her caffeine consumption.

4. for presenting role or function: ex: As an elder sister, Emma takes care of her siblings very well.

now coming to the question

Now as we read the sentence we cant find any: comparison,simultaneous action,reason,or presenting any role.

so the use of "as" is wrong here.

therefore option A, C, D are out.

now we have B and E.

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

OPTION E has 2 errors:

firstly:
appeared to have been equipped=====> use of appeared changes the meaning ...it means they appeared in the past but the context of the sentence is in present tense...

secondly:
for facing is unidiomatic.

more to share:

the use "have been" after "TO"...doesnt means it is in present perfect "......it is no longer a verb and now its an infinitive so it is talking about the past.

hope it helps.

press kudos if you like the post.

SKM
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2014, 22:24
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This is not an easy one, lets move gradually with splits.

appear Vs appeared split

We need a present tense verb.

We can eliminate D and E.

the Neanderthals appear ................................, but their .......................... indicates [This is the clue and the decision point top select present time verb appear.]

appear and indicates both are present tense verb and hence parallel.

equipped to equipped for. This is an Idiomatic split. equipped to is the correct Idiom.
So A and E are out.

We are down to B and C.

Understanding the meaning and Sequence of tense:
Something is appearing to us now, but in past(the Neanderthals).

There is a tricky and very subtle contrast, you have to understand here how often GMAT uses contrast and mix it with the sequencing of tenses, you will find 3-4 questions like this in Gmat prep question pack 1 that has a total 75 SC question.

C is unable to justify the contrast and leaves some ounce of ambiguous thought. so the selection of B over C is based on sequence of tenses, meaning and contrast, have been clearly confirms that something is in past and is appearing to us/author in the present, but it no more exists. indicates was the clue to have this decision without any ambiguity.
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15 Dec 2009, 05:32
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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".

MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.
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08 Dec 2009, 23:57
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As …as is idiom; and Choice A, C and D are out for the same reason

As for choice B the verb “appear” has invisible object “us” (appear to whom). As we are talking “the Neanderthals” in the present context. A present verb is required. Hence the correct answer
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14 Dec 2009, 23:52
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IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".
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08 Jun 2011, 18:40
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I think its B..
Just checked OG 12..the OA is also B..

Here is the explanation

A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
prepositional phrase.

B Correct. The verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.

C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.

D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular
.

E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infinitive.

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11 Dec 2009, 18:02
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The issue here is with 'appear as equipped to ..... ' . 'Appear as' indicates comparison but there's nothing to compare to in the sentence. So option B corrects that by using the correct usage of 'appear to have been equipped .....'. Hope this helps.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 04:20
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honchos wrote:
OA is B, Can some faculty explain why it is appear not appeared, I am getting Confused.

Hi Honchos,

Let me see if I can help.

To state the obvious.

appear = present tense
appeared = past tense

Now which is correct here?

We are looking NOW at something that happened in the past.

So therefore, you need present tense. It 'appear(s)' to us NOW that something happened in the past.

Hope that helps.

James
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2015, 07:47
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Before Jumping to Question let's talk about usage of As
used to
1. Compare - " Ganguly is as good as Sachin (is)" , here as needs clause "Sachin is"
2. Simultaneous Action - "I am talking as I am writing " Here as needs clause "I am writing"
3. Role - "I am working as Tester" - Here as need noun.

above are roles played by As, if As is not playing any of the above role in your sentence then it is wrong (to almost in every occurrence ")

Meaning Analysis :
the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle, but reality is different. (Shortcut meaning - Excuse me for this)

POE
"As" in option A,c and D does not play any standard role as mentioned above. More over, as is not followed by full clause. Hence option A,C and D can be marked incorrect on this ground.

In option B and Option E, only difference is
"equipped to face" Vs "equipped for facing" Here Equipped for is not correct, we always say "I am equipped to solve this efficiently" we never say "I am equipped for doing x work"
Moreover Infinitve is used to show the purpose instead of preposition (For).

"Neanderthals appear as equipped" (for some purpose )"to face any obstacle.

Hence option B is correct
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2015, 05:08
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Expert's post
Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

hi smartyguy,

firstly here the modifier 'Neanderthals' is correctly used and is also in non underlined portion...
what else is this question testing....
1) appear as vs appear to...
appear as someone/something eg.. moon appears as a ball from earth...
appear to be... as in this case, appear to have been equipped is correct..
2) appear vs appeared..
as we are talking of future in past ('could' shows future of a past event ).... and also we are talking in present about a past incident.. appear wins over appeared..
3) a small point .. in most cases you will find infinitive form equipped to face better than equipped for facing..

if we see above three points only B remains...
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2015, 20:03
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Naina1 wrote:
If in C we replace paths with path, will that be the correct sentence?

hi Naina1,

what is this question testing....
1) appear as vs appear to...
appear as someone/something eg.. moon appears as a ball from earth...
appear to be... as in this case, appear to have been equipped is correct..

2) appear vs appeared..
as we are talking of future in past ('could' shows future of a past event ).... and also we are talking in present about a past incident.. appear wins over appeared..
3) a small point .. in most cases you will find infinitive form equipped to face better than equipped for facing..

lets see choice C if paths is changed to path..
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

as you can see appear as is not appropriate here .. appear to is better used here..
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2016, 21:57
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honchos wrote:
This is not an easy one, lets move gradually with splits.

appear Vs appeared split

We need a present tense verb.

We can eliminate D and E.

the Neanderthals appear ................................, but their .......................... indicates [This is the clue and the decision point top select present time verb appear.]

appear and indicates both are present tense verb and hence parallel.

equipped to equipped for. This is an Idiomatic split. equipped to is the correct Idiom.
So A and E are out.

We are down to B and C.

Understanding the meaning and Sequence of tense:
Something is appearing to us now, but in past(the Neanderthals).

There is a tricky and very subtle contrast, you have to understand here how often GMAT uses contrast and mix it with the sequencing of tenses, you will find 3-4 questions like this in Gmat prep question pack 1 that has a total 75 SC question.

C is unable to justify the contrast and leaves some ounce of ambiguous thought. so the selection of B over C is based on sequence of tenses, meaning and contrast, have been clearly confirms that something is in past and is appearing to us/author in the present, but it no more exists. indicates was the clue to have this decision without any ambiguity.

Thanks for your explanation. I'd like to ask that whether we can understand it this way.
The Neanderthals had been equipped for any obstacle before some environmental change led to their extinction.
Therefore, the Neanderthals appear to us now that they had been equipped, but their disappearance indicates that environmental change led to their extinction.
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11 Dec 2009, 12:05
IMO D.

Past tense needed, so "appeared as" is fine. Moreover, "equipped to" is less wordier than "equipped for facing"
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11 Dec 2009, 18:25
I think it should be B, agree with pleonasm's reasoning. OA?
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15 Dec 2009, 05:24
rgarg1nortel wrote:
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path
, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the
environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?

C and D are out of reckoning as it should be path rather than paths ( we don't require plural of path).
E is obviously wrong as it uses the wrong tense of appear and also it is not parallel.
Choice boils down between A and B. Since 'appear as equipped' is not correct, it changes the meaning of the phrase, so B is the correct one.(IMO).
What is the OA anyway?
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15 Dec 2009, 14:29
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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".

MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.

The OA is B
more explanation: http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12-q-73-t38806.html
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15 Dec 2009, 22:16
No problem mate..
Cheers
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05 Jun 2011, 06:38
Good question - appear to have been equipped.. B
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06 Jun 2011, 22:09

Guys, you can also eliminate C and D because they have plural noun "paths" but a singular "obstacle"
Re: OG 12 question   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2011, 22:09

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