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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 755
Page: 700

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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hi all,

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

some theory first

use of as
1. for comparison: ex: Amy takes care of the children in the day care as a mother does.

2. for simultaneous action: ex: As I was traveling in the subway, I noticed attended bags underneath the seat.

3. for giving reason: ex: Mary has substituted green tea for coffee as she wants to cut down her caffeine consumption.

4. for presenting role or function: ex: As an elder sister, Emma takes care of her siblings very well.

now coming to the question

Now as we read the sentence we cant find any: comparison,simultaneous action,reason,or presenting any role.

so the use of "as" is wrong here.

therefore option A, C, D are out.

now we have B and E.

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

OPTION E has 2 errors:

firstly:
appeared to have been equipped=====> use of appeared changes the meaning ...it means they appeared in the past but the context of the sentence is in present tense...

secondly:
for facing is unidiomatic.

more to share:

the use "have been" after "TO"...doesnt means it is in present perfect "......it is no longer a verb and now its an infinitive so it is talking about the past.

hope it helps.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2014, 22:24
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This is not an easy one, lets move gradually with splits.

appear Vs appeared split

We need a present tense verb.

We can eliminate D and E.

the Neanderthals appear ................................, but their .......................... indicates [This is the clue and the decision point top select present time verb appear.]

appear and indicates both are present tense verb and hence parallel.

equipped to equipped for. This is an Idiomatic split. equipped to is the correct Idiom.
So A and E are out.

We are down to B and C.

Understanding the meaning and Sequence of tense:
Something is appearing to us now, but in past(the Neanderthals).

There is a tricky and very subtle contrast, you have to understand here how often GMAT uses contrast and mix it with the sequencing of tenses, you will find 3-4 questions like this in Gmat prep question pack 1 that has a total 75 SC question.

C is unable to justify the contrast and leaves some ounce of ambiguous thought. so the selection of B over C is based on sequence of tenses, meaning and contrast, have been clearly confirms that something is in past and is appearing to us/author in the present, but it no more exists. indicates was the clue to have this decision without any ambiguity.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

What could be the answer and why?

Last edited by Zarrolou on 27 May 2013, 15:40, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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BMindful wrote:
IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".


MindFul,
Your interpretation of appear/appeared seems to be wrong. It is now that Neanderthals 'appear' equipped, it is not that they appeared quipped. In the Paleolithic age, Neanderthals were either equipped or not equipped to face the circumstances and apparently they weren't as they disappeared.

The tone of the sentence is in present tense as hence it should be appear and not appeared.

I hope I am clear. Guys please comment as well.
cheers.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2009, 23:57
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As …as is idiom; and Choice A, C and D are out for the same reason

As for choice B the verb “appear” has invisible object “us” (appear to whom). As we are talking “the Neanderthals” in the present context. A present verb is required. Hence the correct answer
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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The issue here is with 'appear as equipped to ..... ' . 'Appear as' indicates comparison but there's nothing to compare to in the sentence. So option B corrects that by using the correct usage of 'appear to have been equipped .....'. Hope this helps.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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IMO D
Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path,
but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the
environment could put in their paths,-->"red" seems to be consistent in past tense

And the "relatively sudden disappearance" implies that Neanderthals is no longer "appear"but "appeared".
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2011, 18:40
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I think its B..
Just checked OG 12..the OA is also B..

Here is the explanation

A As equipped indicates that Neanderthals still
appear this way; equipped should be followed
by an infi nitive form instead of a
prepositional phrase.


B Correct. The verb tense clearly indicates
that the current evidence is about
Neanderthals in the past.

C As equipped does not indicate that
Neanderthals appeared this way in the past;
while individual Neanderthals may well
have followed diff erent paths, this sentence
is about the single evolutionary path taken
by Neanderthals as a species.


D Present-tense appear is needed to parallel
present-tense indicates and to reinforce that
this is current evidence about Neanderthals
in the past; as in C, paths should be singular
.

E For facing is an incorrect substitution of a
prepositional phrase for an infinitive.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Hi GMATers

My first split was appear vs appeared. When did the neanderthals appear equipped? They appear equipped now. Back when they were alive, they were equiped. These days we can't tell for sure, so when we observe them now, they appear equipped. Alternatively you could say that appear needs to be in the same tense as indicates: appears X, but indicates Y.

That leaves only A, B and C which can be split into appears as equipped vs appears to have been equipped.

From this point my instict told me appears to have been equipped because it sounds right (the native speaker coming out of me here). But I think you can eliminate appears as because it compares appears with equipped.

hope that helps

B.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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<<their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction>>

sentence needs to be in present tense because of "indicates"

so, D and E are out.

C contains equipped --needs to be have been equipped as we have "indicates" in the later half
thier paths - no need to use plural 'paths' here

B has all these taken care
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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honchos wrote:
OA is B, Can some faculty explain why it is appear not appeared, I am getting Confused.


Hi Honchos,

Let me see if I can help.

To state the obvious.

appear = present tense
appeared = past tense

Now which is correct here?

We are looking NOW at something that happened in the past.

So therefore, you need present tense. It 'appear(s)' to us NOW that something happened in the past.

Hope that helps.

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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Before Jumping to Question let's talk about usage of As
used to
1. Compare - " Ganguly is as good as Sachin (is)" , here as needs clause "Sachin is"
2. Simultaneous Action - "I am talking as I am writing " Here as needs clause "I am writing"
3. Role - "I am working as Tester" - Here as need noun.

above are roles played by As, if As is not playing any of the above role in your sentence then it is wrong (to almost in every occurrence ")

Meaning Analysis :
the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle, but reality is different. (Shortcut meaning - Excuse me for this)

POE
"As" in option A,c and D does not play any standard role as mentioned above. More over, as is not followed by full clause. Hence option A,C and D can be marked incorrect on this ground.

In option B and Option E, only difference is
"equipped to face" Vs "equipped for facing" Here Equipped for is not correct, we always say "I am equipped to solve this efficiently" we never say "I am equipped for doing x work"
Moreover Infinitve is used to show the purpose instead of preposition (For).

"Neanderthals appear as equipped" (for some purpose )"to face any obstacle.

Hence option B is correct
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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tejal777 wrote:
Before posting Sc's I do i search in google to find ALL available threads..THEN if I still don't understand I post it here..so ya I came across that thread..was looking for alternative views :)
Thanks..this one is really really tough..Am wondering how come I can't find more discussions about it!!


I too thought that because you just copied the "Specifically, why " have been ..................... how is this usage right ?" para from there, but what ron said is it is a idiom, and we cant have explanations for idioms, it is just the way they are. And we can always rely on Ron's post.
my approach was (may be wrong), i thought "appear to" is preferred to "appear as", and "equipped to" is better than "equipped for". I may be wrong, i think it is a problem from OG 12 ,if anybody has the official explanation please post here, that would be more helpful for the discussion.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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tejal777, sorry for the delay,
As typical of OG's explanation, i couldnt say anything better, other than 'appear' and 'indicates' have to be parallel and to be in present tense makes sense. 'as this is current evidence' mentioned in option D of OE, even thougn neanderthals didnt exist now, the evidence is true always.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

(A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

(C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,

(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,





OE given by OG wasn't clear to me.
Could someone explain appear as vs appear to?
Thanks in advance.
I will post OA little later.
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Last edited by scheol79 on 25 Oct 2010, 09:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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B because of the Idiomatic use of 'Equipped'. ( i.e equipped to <Verb> ) and 'Appear' (i.e X appears as Y)
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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The idiom is "appear to be" not "appear as".

Appear as - may exist in the following sentence: It appears as if/as though I was wrong

Usage of appear according to Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary:

You've got to appear (to be) calm in an interview even if you're terrified underneath.
To people who don't know him he probably appears (to be) rather unfriendly.
Things aren't always what they appear to be.
[+ to infinitive] She appears to actually like the man, which I find incredible.
There appears to be some mistake.
[+ (that)] It appears (that) she left the party alone.
It appears to me (that) (= I think that) we need to make some changes.
FORMAL It would appear (that) (= It seems that) nobody on board the aircraft actually had a licence to fly it.
[+ adverb or preposition] It appears as if/as though I was wrong.
Everything was not as it appeared - secret deals had been done.
I know how it must appear, but it's not really as bad as it looks.
"Has he left?" "It appears not/so."
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Quote:
[+ to infinitive] She appears to actually like the man, which I find incredible. - observe this! this is wrong on the GMAT


This is not wrong ! The relative pronoun "which" is not modifying man. If it was modifying man, it would have been WHO.

WHICH is modifying the fact that she - likes the man.

She appears to actually like the man, which I find incredible.
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Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc [#permalink]

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Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence,the neanderthalsappear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,but their relatively sudden disappearnce during the paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led o their extinction.

A)appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path
B)appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
C)appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
D)appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
E)appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I am confused between B, C, D

to face any obstacle and for facing any obstacle is the only split I'm able to make clearly.

Please help with a solid reason of why you eliminated C, D and chose B.

Thanks
Re: Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligenc   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2012, 16:00

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