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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2014, 09:12
willisback wrote:
A looks the best. since paralleism is maintained initlalialy and THEY referes back to the plural subject "comapnies, investors .. &" --compound subject


I was trying to pick between A and E but went with E finally cause I though that THEY was ambigouos in A

Could anybody shed some light on when can we consider an indefinite pronoun ambigous and when is it OK to let go a bit and just use common sense?

I believe this is a very thin line that no one has yet been able to clarify

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2014, 10:20
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

incorrect portions are highlighted.....


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.correct
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation ifit is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creationif future economic crises are to be defended...who will defend is not clear....
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2014, 13:19
semwal wrote:
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

incorrect portions are highlighted.....


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.correct
B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation ifit is to defend against future economic crises.
C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.
D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.
E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creationif future economic crises are to be defended...who will defend is not clear....


Is the idiom defend against instead of 'defend from'?

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 09:18
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value
creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.


A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if they are to defend against future
economic crises.

B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.

C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding
principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.

D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.

E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.

Last edited by Gnpth on 23 Jun 2014, 07:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2014, 00:14
i selected E in this one : Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of
value creation if future economic crises are to be defended


i ruled out A because i thought "defend against" is redundant just as "compete against" is
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2014, 00:34
In option E, the meaning changes. They have to defend against economic crises as stated in the original sentence.

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2015, 16:27
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises.

C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises.

D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises.

E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 09:32
is it "E"...as in the other answers "they" and "it" do not have the clear reference
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 09:59
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I am surprised by the correct sentence seen here :
http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/corpor ... nst_crises
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 10:07
Here, correct form should be X,Y, and Z as the equal value is given to all 3.
So, B and C are out
A - not clear what 'they' is refering to
D - usage of 'these are to' is wrong

E looks correct
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 21:28
souvik101990 wrote:
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

A. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises. I don't see anything wrong with this sentence

B. Companies, investors, along with governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if it is to defend against future economic crises."along with" is just a longer version of "and", inefficient

C. Companies, as well as investors and governments, must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend from future economic crises. same as above

D. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if these are to defend from future economic crises. awkward

E. Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if future economic crises are to be defended.


I disagree with E, because it sounds like the companies, investors and governments are defending the crises, not avoiding them. My answer is A. I could be wrong but E doesn't sit right with me :cry:
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2015, 21:46
Obviously the right choice is between A vs E where A is active voice but E is passive voice. In A, we may be tricked to think that 'they' is not having correct antecedent but if say X needs to defend against economic crises then it can't be guiding principles, it should be those investors etc who can learn principles to defend against crises. So i will go with A.
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2015, 11:42
NickHalden : Alright, so the answer is "A". Thank you !
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2015, 20:31
"they" is ambiguous in A. Its possibly modifying guiding principles which is illogical.
ManviSharma wrote:
NickHalden : Alright, so the answer is "A". Thank you !

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2015, 20:59
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The correct idiom is to defend against. So C and D are out. B has subject pronoun error 'it'
A and E both seem right logically and grammatically but ' They' in A is pronoun for ' Companies +investors +governments' Or just one of them?? E tackles this ambiguity by using passive voice... Future economic crises.. defended (by companies, investors, governments)
So E is the best.

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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2015, 12:17
would love to see the OE & OA.

I picked E because in A the pronoun "they" is ambiguous.
E sounds better, but this choice doesn't show any correlation between relearning and defending against economic crises.
who is going to defend?
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2015, 05:44
E is saying "if future economic crises are to be defended". Idea is that crisis should be prevented

So, A
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2016, 00:43
Option A must be the correct one.
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2016, 05:52
Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding principles of value creation if they are to defend against future economic crises.

they modifies Companies, investors, and governments and defend against is the correct usage . so A
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Re: Companies, investors, and governments must relearn the guiding princip   [#permalink] 05 Oct 2016, 05:52

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