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Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who

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08 May 2008, 11:36
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Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who work the same number of
hours per week. According to records maintained by each company, the employees of
Company O had fewer job-related accidents last year than did the employees of Company P.
Therefore, employees of Company O are less likely to have job-related accidents than are
employees of Company P.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion above?
(A) The employees of Company P lost more time at work due to job-related accidents than
did the employees of Company O.
(B) Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O.
(C) The employees of Company P were sick more often than were the employees of
Company O.
(D) Several employees of Company O each had more than one job-related accident.
(E) The majority of job-related accidents at Company O involved a single machine
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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08 May 2008, 17:23
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08 May 2008, 11:53
lexis wrote:
Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who work the same number of
hours per week. According to records maintained by each company, the employees of
Company O had fewer job-related accidents last year than did the employees of Company P.
Therefore, employees of Company O are less likely to have job-related accidents than are
employees of Company P.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion above?
(A) The employees of Company P lost more time at work due to job-related accidents than
did the employees of Company O.
>> Out of scope.
(B) Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O.>> weaken. The criteria between both companies is different.
(C) The employees of Company P were sick more often than were the employees of
Company O.
>> Out of scope.
(D) Several employees of Company O each had more than one job-related accident.
>> we are interested in total job related accidents.

(E) The majority of job-related accidents at Company O involved a single machine
>> out of scope.
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08 May 2008, 12:02
I am for B as well but the choice carefully hides the usage of considered . It should be considers.
The answer could be Choice C . Since the employees were sick while working ,injuries could have been caused as a result. What is the OA?
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08 May 2008, 12:09
According to records maintained by each company, the employees of
Company O had fewer job-related accidents last year than did the employees of Company P

Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O.-> thus B
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08 May 2008, 12:13
Nihit wrote:
I am for B as well but the choice carefully hides the usage of considered . It should be considers.
The answer could be Choice C . Since the employees were sick while working ,injuries could have been caused as a result. What is the OA?

I go with B for previously posted reasons.

Nihit in choice C it does not say that the people at company O were at work when they were sick. People at company O could get sick 2 times a year and miss one day of work each time and people at company P could get sick 1 time a year and miss two days of work.
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08 May 2008, 12:14
lexis wrote:
Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who work the same number of
hours per week. According to records maintained by each company, the employees of
Company O had fewer job-related accidents last year than did the employees of Company P.
Therefore, employees of Company O are less likely to have job-related accidents than are
employees of Company P.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion above?
(A) The employees of Company P lost more time at work due to job-related accidents than
did the employees of Company O.
(B) Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O.
(C) The employees of Company P were sick more often than were the employees of
Company O.
(D) Several employees of Company O each had more than one job-related accident.
(E) The majority of job-related accidents at Company O involved a single machine

I choose B.

It's the only viable explanation not outside the context of the information provided in the bried paragraph.
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08 May 2008, 12:17
Yup I do agree with you Gixxer,I did think about this point but if you closely read the conclusion it says Therefore, employees of Company O are less likely to have job-related accidents than are
employees of Company P.
The conclusion talks about future whereas in choiced B ( Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O) considered refers to the past and nothing is mentioned about company P using the same criteria in future. Thats my only concern.
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08 May 2008, 16:11
B here as well. Company P's definition of accident contains more types of accidents than Company O's definition of an accident. This provides a reason other than how accident prone each company's employees are as to why P has more accidents than O.
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08 May 2008, 17:23
I pick choice B.
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08 May 2008, 18:32
YihWei wrote:
B here as well. Company P's definition of accident contains more types of accidents than Company O's definition of an accident. This provides a reason other than how accident prone each company's employees are as to why P has more accidents than O.

Nice!
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08 May 2008, 18:36
(B) Company P considered more types of accidents to be job-related than did Company O. ==> employees of Company P are MORE likely to have job-related accidents than are employees of Company O, aren't they?

That why I did not choose B while doing this.
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07 Jan 2013, 07:15
I initially got this wrong as I did not understand the argument correctly.

My Explanation here

Based on the survey Author concludes that O has less accidents than P

to weaken an argument we can #consider an alternative reason i.e. prephrase and say
maybe something else caused O to have less accidents than P

Here Choice B fits correctly by saying that because P considered more types it has more accidents reported than O

Eliminating others
A. losing more time does not help in determining the accidents reported
C. Same as A
D. Does not compare with P
E. Does not compare with P

Can some one please let me know if I am correct in this explanation?
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18 May 2014, 01:08
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08 Aug 2014, 07:37
Can someone please explain why option D is wrong.
The conclusion is - employees of Company O are less likely to have job-related accidents than are
employees of Company P.

Option D states that Several employees of Company O each had more than one job-related accident. Hence, thsi should weaken the conclusion the employees of company O are less likely to have job-related accidents
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Re: Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2015, 04:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Companies O and P each have the same number of employees who   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2015, 04:08
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