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# Companies that offer employer sponsored insurance (ESI) pay

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28 Apr 2012, 20:46
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Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portion of employees’
health care costs. In the manufacturing sector last year, companies that offered ESI had
worker absentee rates 22% lower, on average, than those at companies that did not offer ESI.
If, on the basis of the evidence above, it is argued that ESI decreases worker absenteeism,
which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken that argument?
A) Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors
of the economy where ESI is offered.
b) At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as
regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.
c) Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and
the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.
d) Many firms in the manufacturing sector have improved workplace safety and decreased the
occurrence of on-the-job injuries in the last five years, and most of these companies
introduced ESI at the same time.
e) In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is
in those firms where workers are not covered by an ESI plan.

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28 Apr 2012, 21:02
+1 D

The author believes there is a causal relationship:
ESI causes -----> lower absentee rates.

Usually, in this causality arguments, but not always, we have to show that there are other possible causes for the studied effect.

D provides that alternative cause. Maybe the improved workplace safety has caused the lower absentee rates.

Hope it helps.
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17 Dec 2013, 03:32
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Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portion of employees’ health care costs. In the
manufacturing sector last year, companies that offered ESI had worker absentee rates 22% lower, on average,
than those at companies that did not offer ESI. If, on the basis of the evidence above, it is argued that ESI
decreases worker absenteeism, which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken that argument?

A Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors of the economy where ESI is offered.

B At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.

C Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.

D Many firms in the manufacturing sector have improved workplace safety and decreased the occurrence of on-thejob injuries in the last five years, and most of these companies introduced ESI at the same time.

E In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is in those firms where
workers are not covered by an ESI plan.
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17 Dec 2013, 09:57
Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portion of employees’ health care costs. In the
manufacturing sector last year, companies that offered ESI had worker absentee rates 22% lower, on average,
than those at companies that did not offer ESI. If, on the basis of the evidence above, it is argued that ESI
decreases worker absenteeism, which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken that argument?

A Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors of the economy where ESI is offered.

B At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.

C Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.

D Many firms in the manufacturing sector have improved workplace safety and decreased the occurrence of on-thejob injuries in the last five years, and most of these companies introduced ESI at the same time.

E In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is in those firms where
workers are not covered by an ESI plan.

Causal relationship in conclusion- ESI decreases worker absenteeism

Contenders are B and D.
B is'nt as strong because access to preventative health care such as regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling cannot reduce absentism...as these are not grounds for same.
D is a strong contender and correct ans as it mentions that improved workplace safety and decreased on-the job injuries in the last five years were introduced with ESI at the same time. Improved workplace safety and decreased on-the job injuries ARE ADEQUATE GROUNDS FOR REDUCING ABSENTISM. It is possible that improved workplace safety decreases worker absenteeism. Hence correct answer.
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Re: Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portio  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2015, 06:46
IMO D. It seems most of the others strengthen the conclusion that ESI directly reduces worker absenteeism or provide unrelated info.

A. If results are found in other sectors similar to the one argued in the conclusion then this could serve as evidence used in support.
B. If preventative health care options are improved, then this would provide logical information as to why absenteesim would be decreased and could be used as evidence in support
C. Increases the amount of paperwork. Doesn't really support or negate the conclusion just ancillary information
*D.If ESI was introduced at the same time as something else then it can logically be concluded that either one could have caused the decrease in worker absenteeism
E. If productivity is also higher then that offers no information that would relate to the trend in absenteesim.
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Re: Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portio  [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2017, 22:10
Last year, firms in the manufacturing sector that offered employees employer sponsored insurance (ESI) plans found that their worker absentee rates were significantly lower than at firms that did not offer ESI. What could have caused the decrease? The argument is made that the existence of the ESI plan caused the decrease in worker absenteeism, but that conclusion would be weakened if another cause were identified.
(A) Similar findings in other sectors of the economy strengthen rather than weaken the argument.
(B) If workers have access to preventative health care as a result of the ESI plan, they might be healthier and would miss fewer days of work due to illness. This point supports the argument.
(C) The difficulty of initiating an ESI plan is irrelevant to a conclusion about what happens after the plan is established.
(D) CORRECT. If there are fewer on-the-job injuries, then workers will miss fewer days of work. This is an alternate explanation for the decrease in absenteeism, and thus weakens the argument that the decrease in absenteeism must have been due to the availability of ESI.
(E) The higher productivity of workers covered by ESI plans is consistent with the fact that they miss fewer days of work. This statement does not weaken the argument.
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21 Mar 2017, 22:09
Merging topics. Please, search before porting questions.
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13 Apr 2017, 13:03
Absenteeism :- Practice of regularly staying away from work or school without good reason.

Argument: Companies that provide (ESI) had worker absentee rates 22% lower than those at companies that did not offer ESI. So (ESI) causes that effect.

Conclusion :- existence of the ESI plan caused the decrease in worker absenteeism
Weaken :- existence of the ESI plan not caused the decrease in worker absenteeism

We can weaken the argument if we find another cause for the effect.

Answer D says that many companies have improved workplace safety and decreased the occurrence of on-the-job injuries, so the improvement in workplace safety decreased the job injures and lowered the worker absentee rate.

It's true that the answer also says that those companies introduced ESI at the same time , so that was not the cause for the effect.
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25 Oct 2017, 06:44
anairamitch1804 wrote:
Absenteeism :- Practice of regularly staying away from work or school without good reason.

Argument: Companies that provide (ESI) had worker absentee rates 22% lower than those at companies that did not offer ESI. So (ESI) causes that effect.

Conclusion :- existence of the ESI plan caused the decrease in worker absenteeism
Weaken :- existence of the ESI plan not caused the decrease in worker absenteeism

We can weaken the argument if we find another cause for the effect.

Answer D says that many companies have improved workplace safety and decreased the occurrence of on-the-job injuries, so the improvement in workplace safety decreased the job injures and lowered the worker absentee rate.

It's true that the answer also says that those companies introduced ESI at the same time , so that was not the cause for the effect.

I do not want to dispute the correctness of the answer. However, I have a few queries:

1. Why is choice B wrong?

Can it not be reasoned that "preventive health care" is the cause for decreased absenteeism. To think of it, access to preventive healthcare resulted in EEs not falling ill.

2. Why is choice D correct? - rather, why is it better than B?

This reasons that "improved workplace safety" is the cause for decreased absenteeism. The stimulus talks of absenteeism (not absenteeism owing to on the job injuries). Moreover, MANY is an undefined quantity term.

Ps: One issue with 'B' is that it talks of 'access' - so maybe the EEs did not really 'avail' the benefits. But then, similar nitpicking could be done with 'D'.
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04 Apr 2018, 04:14
Skywalker18 wrote:
Last year, firms in the manufacturing sector that offered employees employer sponsored insurance (ESI) plans found that their worker absentee rates were significantly lower than at firms that did not offer ESI. What could have caused the decrease? The argument is made that the existence of the ESI plan caused the decrease in worker absenteeism, but that conclusion would be weakened if another cause were identified.
(A) Similar findings in other sectors of the economy strengthen rather than weaken the argument.
(B) If workers have access to preventative health care as a result of the ESI plan, they might be healthier and would miss fewer days of work due to illness. This point supports the argument.
(C) The difficulty of initiating an ESI plan is irrelevant to a conclusion about what happens after the plan is established.
(D) CORRECT. If there are fewer on-the-job injuries, then workers will miss fewer days of work. This is an alternate explanation for the decrease in absenteeism, and thus weakens the argument that the decrease in absenteeism must have been due to the availability of ESI.
(E) The higher productivity of workers covered by ESI plans is consistent with the fact that they miss fewer days of work. This statement does not weaken the argument.

In option B it is mentioned that the companies have provided preventive health care along with the ESI plan, not as a result of the ESI plan. Thus, I believe option B also provides us with an alternate reason that resulted in the absenteeism and thus making it an equally good option as the option D
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04 Apr 2018, 08:12
abhigulia3006 wrote:
In option B it is mentioned that the companies have provided preventive health care along with the ESI plan, not as a result of the ESI plan. Thus, I believe option B also provides us with an alternate reason that resulted in the absenteeism and thus making it an equally good option as the option D

I had similar line of reasoning and so chose B
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26 Jan 2019, 10:19
GetThisDone wrote:
Companies that offer “employer sponsored insurance” (ESI) pay a portion of employees’
health care costs. In the manufacturing sector last year, companies that offered ESI had
worker absentee rates 22% lower, on average, than those at companies that did not offer ESI.

If, on the basis of the evidence above, it is argued that ESI decreases worker absenteeism,
which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken that argument?

A) Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors
of the economy where ESI is offered.
b) At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as
regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.
c) Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and
the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.
d) Many firms in the manufacturing sector have improved workplace safety and decreased the
occurrence of on-the-job injuries in the last five years, and most of these companies
introduced ESI at the same time.
e) In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is
in those firms where workers are not covered by an ESI plan.

Main link - http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-qs-600-700 ... 31508.html

IMO D

Conclusion was ESI decreases worker absenteeism, we have to look for another reason, for this to happen

Clearly mentioned in D

A) Results similar to those cited for the manufacturing sector have been found in other sectors
of the economy where ESI is offered.
Other industries -> Irrelevant

b) At companies that offer ESI, employees have access to preventative health care such as
regular check-ups, routine laboratory tests, and nutrition counseling.
They have access, doesn't mean they are getting benefited by it, what if you had to pay, when the trial period is over

c) Because initiating an ESI plan requires a lot of paperwork for the company, employees, and
the insurance provider, doing so is complex and time-consuming.
This wont weaken the claim.

e) In manufacturing firms where ESI is offered, the average productivity is 2% higher than it is
in those firms where workers are not covered by an ESI plan.
Average is the key word here, it can be high or low
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Re: Companies that offer employer sponsored insurance (ESI) pay   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2019, 10:19
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