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Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working

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Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 00:20
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Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working the same number of hours per week. According to the records kept by the human resources department of each company, the employees of company X took nearly twice as many sick days as the employees of company Y. Therefore, the employees of company Y are healthier than the employees of company X.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion above?

(A) Company X allows employees to use sick days to take care of sick family members.
(B) Company Y offers its employees dental insurance and company X doesn’t.
(C) Company X offers its employees a free membership to the local gym.
(D) Company Y uses a newer system for keeping records of sick days.
(E) Both companies offer two weeks of sick days per year.

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Re: Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 01:38
Clear A, it gives an explanation for employees of company X for not being sick yet able to take sick leave, thus weaken the conclusion.

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Re: Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 06:53
Argument is saying since X employees are taking more sick holidays, Y are healthier. We need to weaken it.

Pre assumption: May be X can convert their other holidays to sick holidays or they have some other advantage of taking so many leaves.

(A) Company X allows employees to use sick days to take care of sick family members. : Yes, So we have another advantage to X employees. Hence correct
(B) Company Y offers its employees dental insurance and company X doesn’t. : Fine, A strengthener
(C) Company X offers its employees a free membership to the local gym. Having a Gym has no relation to taking more leaves.
(D) Company Y uses a newer system for keeping records of sick days. : Was the old one bad? We don't know and can't assume.
(E) Both companies offer two weeks of sick days per year. It is not telling us anything
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Re: Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2019, 03:04
rohan2345 wrote:
Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working the same number of hours per week. According to the records kept by the human resources department of each company, the employees of company X took nearly twice as many sick days as the employees of company Y. Therefore, the employees of company Y are healthier than the employees of company X.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion above?

(A) Company X allows employees to use sick days to take care of sick family members.
(B) Company Y offers its employees dental insurance and company X doesn’t.
(C) Company X offers its employees a free membership to the local gym.
(D) Company Y uses a newer system for keeping records of sick days.
(E) Both companies offer two weeks of sick days per year.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



A. This critical-reasoning question asks you to weaken the conclusion that the employees of company Y are healthier than the employees of company X. The author draws the conclusion that Y’s employees are healthier than X’s employees based on the cause-andeffect argument that more sick days mean sicker employees.

To weaken cause-and-effect arguments, look for an answer choice that shows another cause is possible for the effect.

Choice (E) doesn’t distinguish between the two companies. It can’t show another cause for the different number of sick days and, therefore, can’t be right. Choice (D) differentiates between the two companies’ record-keeping, but it doesn’t explain how company Y’s new records system accounts for fewer sick days. Dental insurance shouldn’t affect the number of sick days, so Choice (B) doesn’t work. Choice (C) doesn’t address the issue of company X’s greater number of sick days, so free gym memberships don’t matter. The best answer is Choice (A) because it provides a reason other than employee health for the greater number of sick days that company X’s employees take.
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Re: Companies X and Y have the same number of employees working   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 03:04
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