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# Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay

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Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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16 May 2012, 23:25
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Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay, insists that the values of certain tasks performed in dissimilar jobs can be compared. In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.

This widespread institutional awareness of comparable worth indicates increased public awareness that pay inequities-that is, situations in which pay is not "fair" because it does not reflect the true value of a job-exist in the labor market. However, the question still remains: have the gains already made in pay equity under comparable worth principles been of a precedent-setting nature or are they mostly transitory, a function of concessions made by employers to misled female employees into believing that they have made long-term pay equity gains?

Comparable worth pay adjustments are indeed precedent-setting. Because of the principles driving them, other mandates that can be applied to reduce or eliminate unjustified pay gaps between male and female workers have not remedied perceived pay inequities satisfactorily for the litigants in cases in which men and women hold different jobs. But whenever comparable worth principles are applied to pay schedules, perceived unjustified pay differences are eliminated. In this sense then, comparable worth is more comprehensive than other mandates, such as the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Neither compares tasks in dissimilar jobs (that is, jobs across occupational categories) in an effort to determine whether or not what is necessary to perform these tasks-know-how, problem-solving, and accountability-can be quantified in terms of its dollar value to the employer. Comparable worth, on the other hand, takes as its premise that certain tasks in dissimilar jobs may require a similar amount of training, effort, and skill; may carry similar responsibility; may be carried on in an environment having a similar impact upon the worker; and may have a similar dollar value to the employer.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

1. According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

(A) Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

(B) Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

(C) Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade

(D) Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted id

(E) Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

2. Which of the following most accurately states the central purpose of the passage?

(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure

(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy

(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures

(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific cases

(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a result of social policy

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

3. According to the passage, comparable worth principles are different in which of the following ways from other mandates intended to reduce or eliminate pay inequities:

(A) Comparable worth principles address changes in the pay schedules of male as well as female workers

(B) Comparable worth principles can be applied to employees in both the public and the private sector

(C) Comparable worth principles emphasize the training and skill of workers

(D) Comparable worth principles require changes in the employer's resource allocation

(E) Comparable worth principles can be used to quantify the value of elements of dissimilar jobs

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

4. Which of the following best describes an application of the principles of comparable worth as they are described in the passage?

(A) The current pay, rates of increase, and rates of promotion for female mechanics are compared with those of male mechanics.

(B) The training, skills, and job experience of computer programmers in one division of a corporation are compared to those of programmers making more money in another division.

(C) The number of women holding top executive positions in a corporation is compared to the number of women available for promotion to those positions, and both tallies are matched to the tallies for men in the same corporation.

(D) The skills, training, and job responsibilities of the clerks in the township tax assessor's office are compared to those of the much better-paid township engineers.

(E) The working conditions of female workers in a hazardous-materials environment are reviewed and their pay schedules compared to those of all workers in similar environments across the nation.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

5. It can be inferred from the passage that application of "other mandates" (see highlighted text) would be unlikely to result in an outcome satisfactory to the female employees in which of the following situations?

I. Males employed as long-distance truck drivers for a furniture company make \$3.50 more per hour than do females with comparable job experience employed in the same capacity.

II. Women working in the office of a cement company contend that their jobs are as demanding and valuable as those of the men working in the cement factory, but the women are paid much less per hour.

III. A law firm employs both male and female paralegals with the same educational and career backgrounds, but the starting salary for male paralegals is \$5,000 more than for female paralegals.

(A) I only

(B) II only

(C) III only

(D) I and II only

(E) I and III only

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Oct 2017, 07:00, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 10:09
solarzj wrote:
Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay, insists that the values of certain tasks performed in dissimilar jobs can be compared. In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.

23.) According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

a. Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

b. Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

c. Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade.

d. Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted id.

e. Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity.

The bold part clearly says comparable worth is applied in both private and public (federal, state, and local governmental). Rest all are irrelevant

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2012, 06:41
patanjali wrote:
solarzj wrote:
Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay, insists that the values of certain tasks performed in dissimilar jobs can be compared. In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.

23.) According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

a. Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

b. Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

c. Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade.

d. Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted id.

e. Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity.

The bold part clearly says comparable worth is applied in both private and public (federal, state, and local governmental). Rest all are irrelevant

agree with B but why should we avoid C? the line just above the bold part conveys C.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 22:01
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C states that the policy has been widely "criticized", meaning that people are skeptical of the effectiveness of the policy. The passage states, however, that the policy has become citical social policy issue, meaning the policy has become critically important. This is a classic example of the GMAT shifting the meaning of the word - it looks the same but means something very different.
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 22:48
KyleWiddison wrote:
C states that the policy has been widely "criticized", meaning that people are skeptical of the effectiveness of the policy. The passage states, however, that the policy has become citical social policy issue, meaning the policy has become critically important. This is a classic example of the GMAT shifting the meaning of the word - it looks the same but means something very different.

thanks kyle, not just words,this is an important insight for me,
+1 for this!

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2013, 18:59
KyleWiddison wrote:
C states that the policy has been widely "criticized", meaning that people are skeptical of the effectiveness of the policy. The passage states, however, that the policy has become citical social policy issue, meaning the policy has become critically important. This is a classic example of the GMAT shifting the meaning of the word - it looks the same but means something very different.

Thanks for the explanation, I still have a doubt in comparing the words "critical social policy issue" with "widely criticized in past decade" . Please help me here

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 22:08
kashishh wrote:
patanjali wrote:
solarzj wrote:
Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay, insists that the values of certain tasks performed in dissimilar jobs can be compared. In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so.

23.) According to the passage, which of the following is true of comparable worth as a policy?

a. Comparable worth policy decisions in pay-inequity cases have often failed to satisfy the complaints

b. Comparable worth policies have been applied to both public-sector and private-sector employee pay schedules

c. Comparable worth as a policy has come to be widely criticized in the past decade.

d. Many employers have considered comparable worth as a policy but very few have actually adopted id.

e. Early implementations of comparable worth policies resulted in only transitory gains in pay equity.

The bold part clearly says comparable worth is applied in both private and public (federal, state, and local governmental). Rest all are irrelevant

agree with B but why should we avoid C? the line just above the bold part conveys C.

I have a confusion between b and d . if u read the later part of the sentence, can it make d as an answer.. please explain

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2013, 09:58
hello xahead . We need to find out something according to passage we cannot go beyond what is stated . so D can be eliminated a large no of organisations have either adopted or begun considering . we cannot infer that many have considered and a few have adopted . any such discreet data is not given in passage . so only B remains
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2014, 15:33
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2014, 08:26
43. Which of the following most accurately states the
central purpose of the passage?
(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure
(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy
(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures
(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases
(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a
result of social policy

.....................
Could any one explain why B is the answer ??? where I can find in the passage the "change in policy" that choice B is talking about ?

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 08:06
shagalo wrote:
43. Which of the following most accurately states the
central purpose of the passage?
(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure
(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy
(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures
(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases
(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a
result of social policy

.....................
Could any one explain why B is the answer ??? where I can find in the passage the "change in policy" that choice B is talking about ?

I agree....
Couldn't find the answer to this question either.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 17:18
1
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ronr34 wrote:
shagalo wrote:
43. Which of the following most accurately states the
central purpose of the passage?
(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure
(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy
(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures
(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases
(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a
result of social policy

.....................
Could any one explain why B is the answer ??? where I can find in the passage the "change in policy" that choice B is talking about ?

I agree....
Couldn't find the answer to this question either.

In the middle of the 2nd paragraph, onto the first sentence of the 3rd:
However, the question still remains: have the gains already made in pay equity under comparable worth principles been of a precedent-setting nature or are they mostly transitory, a function of concessions made by employers to misled female employees into believing that they have made long-term pay equity gains?

Comparable worth pay adjustments are indeed precedent-setting.

Precedent-setting = Never done before ---> Implies that a certain kind of change has occurred.

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2014, 14:22
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junkostem wrote:
ronr34 wrote:
shagalo wrote:
43. Which of the following most accurately states the
central purpose of the passage?
(A) To criticize the implementation of a new procedure
(B) To assess the significance of a change in policy
(C) To illustrate how a new standard alters procedures
(D) To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases
(E) To summarize the changes made to date as a
result of social policy

.....................
Could any one explain why B is the answer ??? where I can find in the passage the "change in policy" that choice B is talking about ?

I agree....
Couldn't find the answer to this question either.

In the middle of the 2nd paragraph, onto the first sentence of the 3rd:
However, the question still remains: have the gains already made in pay equity under comparable worth principles been of a precedent-setting nature or are they mostly transitory, a function of concessions made by employers to misled female employees into believing that they have made long-term pay equity gains?

Comparable worth pay adjustments are indeed precedent-setting.

Precedent-setting = Never done before ---> Implies that a certain kind of change has occurred.

You can also see in the first paragraph this section: "In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so".

Comparable Worth is a new policy because it states that entities have adopted the comparable worth policies over the last decade. The adoption of these policies would represent a change in policy (from a different policy or no policy at all)...

KW
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2014, 21:58
KyleWiddison wrote:

You can also see in the first paragraph this section: "In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so".

Comparable Worth is a new policy because it states that entities have adopted the comparable worth policies over the last decade. The adoption of these policies would represent a change in policy (from a different policy or no policy at all)...

KW

Then if you suggest that CW has been adopted as a new policy in the LAST DECADE, then how the below answer choice can be eliminated?

To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases

New policy=CW
Specific cases= Cases of comparing dissimilar jobs

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 10:30
Hello

not clear on the last question. Why not option E ?

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 11:24
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himanshujovi wrote:
Hello

not clear on the last question. Why not option E ?

Hi,

We need an option which can compare two dissimilar jobs in types but similar in skill set used.But both the professions have different salaries that is where comparable worth is useful as a policy

Coming to options:

(D) The skills, training, and job responsibilities of the clerks in the township tax assessor's office are compared to those of the much better-paid township engineers.
Clerks are compared in skill set with engineers, but the engineers are paid more.=>PERFECT
(E) The working conditions of female workers in a hazardous-materials environment are reviewed and their pay schedules compared to those of all workers in similar environments across the nation.
Working conditions and pay schedules of workers in similar environment across nation, we aren't using Comparable worth here.

Comparable worth is applied to dissimilar jobs using similar skill set.

Hope that helps
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 13:50
TGC wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:

You can also see in the first paragraph this section: "In the last decade, this approach has become a critical social policy issue, as large numbers of private-sector firms and industries as well as federal, state, and local governmental entities have adopted comparable worth policies or begun to consider doing so".

Comparable Worth is a new policy because it states that entities have adopted the comparable worth policies over the last decade. The adoption of these policies would represent a change in policy (from a different policy or no policy at all)...

KW

Then if you suggest that CW has been adopted as a new policy in the LAST DECADE, then how the below answer choice can be eliminated?

To explain how a new policy is applied in specific
cases

New policy=CW
Specific cases= Cases of comparing dissimilar jobs

TGC - I'm don't understand your question here...can you clarify?

Thanks,
KW
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 04:18
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Demoralized.
Got them all wrong

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 05:29
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supratik wrote:
Demoralized.
Got them all wrong

Identify what strategy is good for you, then attempt the RC.

Don't blindly start reading the passage.

You should have well versed strategy before attempting the RC.
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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2014, 06:17
TGC wrote:
supratik wrote:
Demoralized.
Got them all wrong

Identify what strategy is good for you, then attempt the RC.

Don't blindly start reading the passage.

You should have well versed strategy before attempting the RC.

I believe i was going quite good with the attempts. And yes i am quite thorough with the strategies. I have found myself with this failed outcome whenever i tried to over-pace myself. Any solution to work out with that or is it sheer practice?

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Re: Comparable worth, as a standard applied to eliminate inequities in pay   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2014, 06:17

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