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Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela

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Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2015, 14:48
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Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that met his high standards.


A) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that

B) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms' compositions, many destroyed because of his perfection, and only those few published

C) Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, but Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroying many of his compositions and only publishing those few that

D) In contrast to Bach having had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that

E) Whereas Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and published only those few that

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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2015, 01:51
When do you use in contrast to in place of where as?
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2015, 02:04
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roopika2990 wrote:
When do you use in contrast to in place of where as?


Hello roopika2990

"In contrast to X, Y" (where X and Y are nouns) can be used for comparing of nouns
"Whereas" can be used with participial phrases ("astonishing output of music") and for subordinate clauses ("destroyed many of his compositions")

excerpt from Manhattan:
Right: IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
Wrong: IN CONTRAST TO the zoo CHARGING admission, the park does not.
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2018, 15:38
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Harley1980 wrote:
Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that met his high standards.

A) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
B) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms' compositions, many destroyed because of his perfection, and only those few published
C) Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, but Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroying many of his compositions and only publishing those few that
D) In contrast to Bach having had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
E) Whereas Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and published only those few that


Sir can you please briefly explain why choice D is wrong and E is correct?
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2018, 21:39
Harley1980 wrote:
Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that met his high standards.

A) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
B) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms' compositions, many destroyed because of his perfection, and only those few published
C) Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, but Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroying many of his compositions and only publishing those few that
D) In contrast to Bach having had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
E) Whereas Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and published only those few that


Split #1: the position of the word “only” — which is correct? (a) “only published those few“, or (b) “published only those few“? The latter correctly say that, in contrast to the large number Brahms destroyed, only a few were published. In the former, the adverb “only” applies illogically to the verb “published” — as if Brahms might have done some action more serious than publishing but instead settled on “only” publishing them. That makes no sense. Each choice in which “only” precedes the verb is wrong. Choices (A) & (C) & (D) make this mistake.

Split #2a: comparisons. Choice (A) compares Bach’s music to Brahms the person, a faulty comparison. Choice (B) correctly compares Bach’s music to Brahms music. Choice (D) correctly contrasts Bach the person with Brahms the person.

Split #3: the missing verb mistake. In choice (B), there’s no verb in the entire sentence. Choice (C) attempts a “but” construction, and before the “but” is a bonafide independent clause, but after the word “but”, there’s no verb to make that second half another independent clause. Both (B) & (C) make this mistake.

Split #4: “always the perfectionist” vs. “ever the perfectionist.” This is a false split. Both are perfectly fine.

Split #5: too much after a preposition. The “in contrast to” structure ends in preposition, and that preposition can take a single noun, as well as a gerund or a substantive clause. The GMAT, though, does not like the construction [preposition][noun][participial phrase] — if you want to talk about that much action, use subordinate clause with a full [noun]+[verb] structure. Choice (D) makes this mistake, “in contrast to Bach” + a long participial clause. The GMAT would not find that acceptable. Choice (D) is incorrect.

For all these reasons, (E) is the only possible answer.
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 02:15
Skywalker18 wrote:
Harley1980 wrote:
Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that met his high standards.

A) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
B) Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms' compositions, many destroyed because of his perfection, and only those few published
C) Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, but Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroying many of his compositions and only publishing those few that
D) In contrast to Bach having had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, always a perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and only published those few that
E) Whereas Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life, Brahms, ever the perfectionist, destroyed many of his compositions and published only those few that


Split #1: the position of the word “only” — which is correct? (a) “only published those few“, or (b) “published only those few“? The latter correctly say that, in contrast to the large number Brahms destroyed, only a few were published. In the former, the adverb “only” applies illogically to the verb “published” — as if Brahms might have done some action more serious than publishing but instead settled on “only” publishing them. That makes no sense. Each choice in which “only” precedes the verb is wrong. Choices (A) & (C) & (D) make this mistake.

Split #2a: comparisons. Choice (A) compares Bach’s music to Brahms the person, a faulty comparison. Choice (B) correctly compares Bach’s music to Brahms music. Choice (D) correctly contrasts Bach the person with Brahms the person.

Split #3: the missing verb mistake. In choice (B), there’s no verb in the entire sentence. Choice (C) attempts a “but” construction, and before the “but” is a bonafide independent clause, but after the word “but”, there’s no verb to make that second half another independent clause. Both (B) & (C) make this mistake.

Split #4: “always the perfectionist” vs. “ever the perfectionist.” This is a false split. Both are perfectly fine.

Split #5: too much after a preposition. The “in contrast to” structure ends in preposition, and that preposition can take a single noun, as well as a gerund or a substantive clause. The GMAT, though, does not like the construction [preposition][noun][participial phrase] — if you want to talk about that much action, use subordinate clause with a full [noun]+[verb] structure. Choice (D) makes this mistake, “in contrast to Bach” + a long participial clause. The GMAT would not find that acceptable. Choice (D) is incorrect.

For all these reasons, (E) is the only possible answer.


Hi, I got a doubt in the explanation for removing B.

Compared x's music, y's composition...(only few) MET his high standards.

I thought MET is acting as a verb. Can you please explain me why MET is not a verb here.
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2018, 16:58

Official Explanation


Split #1: position of the word "only" --- which is correct? (a) "only published those few", or (b) "published only those few"? The latter correctly say that, in contrast to the large number Brahms destroyed, only a few were published. In the former, the adverb "only" applies illogically to the verb "published" --- as if Brahms might have done some action more serious than publishing but instead settled on "only" publishing them. That makes no sense. Each choice in which "only" precedes the verb is wrong. Choices (A) & (C) & (D) make this mistake.

Split #2a: comparisons. Choice (A) compares Bach's music to Brahms the person, a faulty comparison. Choice (B) correctly compares Bach's music to Brahms music. Choice (C) & (D) & (E) correctly compare Bach the person with Brahms the person.

Split #3:
the missing verb mistake. In choice (B), there's no verb in the entire sentence. Choice (C) attempts a "but" construction, and before the "but" is a bonafide independent clause, but after the word "but", there's no verb to make that second half another independent clause. Both (B) & (C) make this mistake.

Split #4: "always the perfectionist" vs. "ever the perfectionist." This is a false split. Both are perfectly fine.

Split #5: too much after a preposition. The "in contrast to" structure ends in preposition, and that preposition can take a single noun, as well as a gerund or a substantive clause. The GMAT, though, does not like the construction [preposition][noun][participial phrase] --- if you want to talk about that much action, use subordinate clause with a full [noun]+[verb] structure. Choice (D) makes this mistake, "in contrast to Bach" + a long participial clause. The GMAT would not find that acceptable. Choice (D) is incorrect.

For all these reasons,

(E) is the only possible answer.





Frequently Asked Questions:



FAQ: Option (E) uses the word "had." However, there are not two seperate events that are occurring. Why do we use past perfect?

A: Great Question! In this sentence, the word "had" is actually just the simple past tense of "to have". Consider the following two examples:

-I have a large collection of CDs.

-My father had a large collection of vinyl records.

The first sentence states something that is true in the present: I have (i.e., own or possess) a large collection of CDs now. The second sentence states something that was true in the past, but may no longer be true: my father had (i.e., owned or possessed) a large record collection at some time in the past. But he doesn't have them anymore. He gave them to my brother. :)

The words "have" and "had" don't just refer to physical possessions. They can also mean "to be responsible for (someone or something)."

Ariel has a weekly pottery class at her studio. (Ariel teaches a class.)
He had a prolific career in medical research. (He managed a career.)
I have the kids for the weekend, so I can't go to the party. (I am taking care of the kids.)

This is the meaning of "had" as it appears in the Bach question. When we say that

"Bach had an astonishing output of music each year over his relatively long life."

we mean that he was responsible for that output. We could capture the same idea by writing:

Bach created an astonishing amount of music each year over his relatively long life.
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Re: Compared to Bach's astonishing output of music each year over his rela &nbs [#permalink] 20 Aug 2018, 16:58
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