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# Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as

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Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 13:14
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54% (02:21) correct 46% (01:28) wrong based on 222 sessions

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9. Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as previously hoped, wealthier consumers have begun to limit travel, slowing investments, to decrease overall spending on nonessential items, creating further financial setbacks.

(A) have begun to limit travel, slowing investments, to decrease overall spending on nonessential items
(B) have begun to limit travel, slow investments, decrease overall nonessential spending
(C) have begun limiting travel, slow investing, and decrease overall spending on nonessential items
(D) have begun to limit travel and slow investments, decreasing nonessential spending overall and
(E) have begun to limit travel, slow investments, and decrease overall spending on nonessential items for
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2010, 21:41
Wreak havoc ! LOL

This SC is perfect example on modifiers and tracking the compounds.

limit x and y, +ing (decreasing and creating)
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 08:19
I have requested TommyWallach to chime in and provide his invaluable inputs.
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 11:17
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Hey All,

Seek tagged me in, so here I am!

9. Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as previously hoped, wealthier consumers have begun to limit travel, slowing investments, to decrease overall spending on nonessential items, creating further financial setbacks.

OBVIOUSLY this is a parallelism issue, joined with a modifier issue (participles: -ing words, which modify the entire preceding clause, typically showing its result). We just need to find the answer that gets both of these right.

(A) have begun to limit travel, slowing investments, to decrease overall spending on nonessential items
PROBLEM: We can't say "to limit", "slowing", and then "to decrease". Those aren't parallel.

(B) have begun to limit travel, slow investments, decrease overall nonessential spending
PROBLEM: While "limit", "slow", and "decrease" are all parallel (the first "to" distributes, so you don't need to repeat it for each one), the list would then have to end (because the next thing after a comma is a participle). But that doesn't happen here, because we would need to see the word "and" before the word "decrease", signaling the end of the list.

(C) have begun limiting travel, slow investing, and decrease overall spending on nonessential items
PROBLEM: Now the list starts AFTER the word "limiting", as if we're limiting "travel" and "slow investing", which makes no sense.

(D) have begun to limit travel and slow investments, decreasing nonessential spending overall and
ANSWER: Now our first list has only two items in it "limit" and "slow". These two verbs are parallel. Then we get a parallel set of participles "decreasing" and "creating", which are also parallel. Notice also how the participles "decreasing" and "creating" do EXACTLY what I said they would, namely describe the RESULT of the previous clause (the limiting of travel and the slowing of investments).

(E) have begun to limit travel, slow investments, and decrease overall spending on nonessential items for
PROBLEM: The first few items are parallel: "limit" "slow" and "decrease". But now we have a prepositional modifier "for creating further financial setbacks", which appears to be modifying "items". This doesn't make any sense. Notice how the participial modifiers in answer choice D does exactly what I said it would, they describe the RESULTS of limiting travel and slowing investments (the preceding clause).

Hope that makes sense!

-tommy
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 11:29
thanks
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2010, 22:25
Perfect Tommy..
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Re: SC 3: Economic Recovery [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2010, 00:22
is the comma underlined as well?If not it'll read like this:
Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as previously hoped, wealthier consumers have begun to limit travel and slow investments, decreasing nonessential spending overall and, creating further financial setbacks.

That doesn't feel right IMO. Can someone enlighten me?
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Re: Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2015, 20:21
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 03:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Concerned that economic recovery is not as complete as   [#permalink] 03 May 2016, 03:15
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