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# Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local

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Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 03:55
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Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.

(A) forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.
(B) that forbids state and local governments for the next three years from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(C) that for the next three years forbids state and local governments to raise taxes on connections that link consumers to the Irternet.
(D) forbidding for the next three years to state and local governments the raising of taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(E) that forbids for the next three years state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 05:49
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solarzj wrote:
Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.

(A) forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.
(B) that forbids state and local governments for the next three years from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(C) that for the next three years forbids state and local governments to raise taxes on connections that link consumers to the Irternet.
(D) forbidding for the next three years to state and local governments the raising of taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(E) that forbids for the next three years state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.

The correct idomatic form of "forbid" is "forbid .... to"

The only sentence that has this in the right form is "c".

We can also eliminate answers based on intended meaning of the original sentence.

The intended meaning is -- no tax increase for next 3 years on connections to the internet.

Eliminate A, idiom error + it sounds like the next three years modifies the act of connecting to the internet.
Eliminate B, idiom error + it sounds like the next three years refers to the Govt. itself
Eliminate D, Non sensical
Eliminate E, idiom error

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Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2016, 05:48
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rhine29388 wrote:
still having confusion as to why choice C is correct and choice B is incorrect

B. "....FORBIDS state and local governments for the next three years FROM raising taxes......."forbids from" is wrong idiom. ("Prevent from", "forbid to" are correct usages.)
C. "....FORBIDS state and local governments TO raise taxes..." "forbids to" is correct.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 07:12
gomennassai wrote:

The correct idomatic form of "forbid" is "forbid .... to"

The only sentence that has this in the right form is "c".

We can also eliminate answers based on intended meaning of the original sentence.

The intended meaning is -- no tax increase for next 3 years on connections to the internet.

Eliminate A, idiom error + it sounds like the next three years modifies the act of connecting to the internet.
Eliminate B, idiom error + it sounds like the next three years refers to the Govt. itself
Eliminate D, Non sensical
Eliminate E, idiom error

Totally right.

Especially that you noticed the wrong meaning of sentence A. It indeed sounds as if "next three years" modifies the act of connecting to the internet.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 12:33
A question to the admins. Would you rate this as a level 700 question?
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 22:12
I really have a tough time deciding how much effort to put into these idiom questions. I don't think I'd be asked something like this on the real test, but we keep seeing them pop up in preparation materials. I don't know how to handle these types of questions when they come up in practice.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 04:00
solarzj wrote:
Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.

(A) forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.
(B) that forbids state and local governments for the next three years from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(C) that for the next three years forbids state and local governments to raise taxes on connections that link consumers to the Irternet.
(D) forbidding for the next three years to state and local governments the raising of taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(E) that forbids for the next three years state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.

i pick b. but its wrong. yep i got it the correct form of idiom is forbid x to do y but i thought it should be forbid x from y....my bad
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 05:47
B sounds like next three year is going to do something
In C it is the government which is going to do something..hence C
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 08:32
can anyone elaborate why choice A is wrong except for the wrong idiom?thanks
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 08:47
farukqmul wrote:
can anyone elaborate why choice A is wrong except for the wrong idiom?thanks

...that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years [As in A]

...that for the next three years forbids state and local governments... [As in C]

the legislation forbids government for three years to do something...this should be proper meaning of the sentence.
However, in A it looks like consumers are linked to the Internet for the next three years. This doesn't match with the intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 17:46
This was a very interesting problem. Here's what I did:

There is a clear 3/2 split in the beginning of this problem. The legislation forbids something. So get rid of A/D.

Now we're looking at B, C, and E.

At first, I wanted to eliminate C because I don't like the "forbids to raise" phrase. I haven't studied this idiom. Then looking at B and E, these are basically the same sentence. I don't think I've seen that in a SC problem before. I mean, just think about the guys writing this test. It is pretty unlikely they would write a question with a choice like that. So I went back to C which I would probably chalk up to a guess as I haven't seen this idiom before. That's actually why I came to this forum, though!

Ultimately, this isn't that great of a question IMO. My take on the idioms thing is that there are far more productive things you can than put a lot of effort into than idioms. For instance, just having seen this problem before will now enable us all to choose the correct answer if we ever stumble upon "forbids to" again.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 19:08
Oh.... Forbid...to ,'amn, it's C
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2012, 19:11
Hi guys,
I checked the Oxford dictionary and: forbid sb from doing sth is the correct idioms.
And thing else could eliminate A ?
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2012, 06:48
Quote:
Hi guys,
I checked the Oxford dictionary and: forbid sb from doing sth is the correct idioms.
And thing else could eliminate A ?

I am not sure about the idiom issue because I googled it and found that "forbid to" and "forbid from" are both correct idioms with few subtle differences, but option A surely has meaning issues.

Option A: just read the bold red part.

Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2012, 09:03
Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.

(A) forbidding state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet for the next three years.
(B) that forbids state and local governments for the next three years from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(C) that for the next three years forbids state and local governments to raise taxes on connections that link consumers to the Irternet.
(D) forbidding for the next three years to state and local governments the raising of taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.
(E) that forbids for the next three years state and local governments from raising taxes on connections that link consumers to the Internet.

Correct idiom here - Forbid to

A, B, E can be eliminated based the idiom error.
D - Awkward structure

Correct Choice C
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 01:58
If you didn't know the idiom you can still solve this question. It revolves around the phrase "for the next three years" and only C has it placed correctly.

According to zeke both forbid to and forbid from are correct they are going to test you on some other aspect.
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2015, 22:32
even fo my non-native ear "forbid from raising" looks crazy)

C is best
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Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2016, 13:51
still having confusion as to why choice C is correct and choice B is incorrect
Re: Congress has enacted legislation forbidding state and local   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2016, 13:51
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