Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 27 May 2017, 18:14

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2006
Posts: 159
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 263 [5] , given: 0

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Nov 2006, 22:18
5
KUDOS
43
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (02:07) correct 36% (01:07) wrong based on 3816 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

OG16 SC114
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2010
Posts: 161
Location: Banaglore
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 91 [13] , given: 8

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2011, 03:00
13
KUDOS
19
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Relative pronouns such as which, that, who etc. should always touch the noun they are modifying. This is called the relative pronoun touch rule.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was: in this sentence the pronoun 'which' is modifying The Roman Colosseum. This is correct and should be the intented meaning of the sentence.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, offi cially known : In this sentence the ...officially known.. phrase modifies the subject of the main clause i.e. Construction of the Roamn Colesseum. This is wrong.
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2010
Posts: 161
Location: Banaglore
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 91 [4] , given: 8

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2011, 03:43
4
KUDOS
15
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Relative pronouns are used for modifying a Noun only. Never use a relative pronoun to modify a verb. Examples of relative pronous :

Which
That
Who
When
Whom

Always remember the touch rule for relative pronouns. i.e. the Reltive pronoun should touch the noun its modifying.

Note:
1. Comma + 'which' : should be used when the modifying information that is non essential.
eg. The red car, which i drove when i was in college.

i drove when i was in college : non essential information.
The red : essential information.

2. 'That' : should be used when the information is essential. ( please never use comma with 'That' ).

e.g The car that i painted red.

i painted red : essential information.
Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2011
Posts: 81
Location: United States
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [4] , given: 13

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2012, 23:47
4
KUDOS
Option C is correct.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, Punctuation issue connecting two verbs with a comma i.e began in ..... and, was completed.... you can't connect it with a comma. You create a run on sentence.

b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

what is the verb here...begun? no because it is a past participle.... it needs a helping verb...other wise the sentence is a fragment.
c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and-correct
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it- here the modifier implies that construction was known as Flavian Amphitheater because the sentence lacks relative pronoun.
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and- same as e

Hope I was able to clarify your query...lets kudos
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1132
Location: United States
Followers: 278

Kudos [?]: 3114 [4] , given: 123

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Sep 2013, 22:59
4
KUDOS
zazoz wrote:

1. 'Construction' is the subject, right? so how this sentence possible : 'construction of the Roman.....began in blah blah'. My point is how the 'construction' began something?? It seems illogical to me. Shouldn't it be 'construction was begun' in 'C'? I know! I must be wrong, but I couldn't justify myself until now.

Hi zazor.

"Construction began in A.D. 69....." is 100% correct. Because "begin" is intransitive verb that is complete in itself and does not require any further elements to make its meaning complete.
For example: When I listen that song, my heart breaks ==> even though "heart" is a passive doer of action "break", but we don't need to say "my heart is broken".
Other intransitive verbs: appear, arrive, begin, break, come, cough, decrease, die, disappear, drown, fall, go, happen,.....

Quote:
2. The verb 'was completed' is passive or 'was' is a linking verb and 'completed' is the adjectives to describe 'construction'. I ask this in regard to my approach to this question; I thought that 'and' must be there, so after 'and' we need a parallel construction, so I said to myself we have 'was completed' so we must have 'was begun' to create parallelism. But when I saw the correct answer I said to myself maybe 'was completed' is not passive (I am REALLY confused) and we need 'began'. When I reached to this point of my logic my first question popped up. Now here I am with lots of paradoxes in my mind. Please help me getting rid of some annoying misunderstandings. Thanks a million.

We have to say "was completed" because "complete" is NOT a transitive verb. ==> The parallel structure in C is: the construction began .....and was completed......

Quote:
3. According to my descriptions, Why 'E' is incorrect?

E is 100% incorrect because "which" modifies " the Flavian Amphitheater" wrongly. Let ask yourself what began in A.D. 69.? the Flavian Amphitheater (the Roman Colosseum) --OR-- The construction? ==> Clearly, the construction did. Thus, "which" is a misplaced modifier --> E is wrong.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 832
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Followers: 64

Kudos [?]: 1402 [3] , given: 197

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2013, 16:30
3
KUDOS
sanjeebpanda wrote:
100.Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D.
69, during the reign of Vespasian
, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the
Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.
A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

I understand the sage of which as it is used for the nearest noun.Apart from that if the any prepositional phrase is there then it refers to the next closest noun.

ex:He has kept the red balls on the table,which are good our next match, and white bats in the room.

I believe here the which refers to balls.

If that is the case which in option a & c should refer to construction.

Hi,

it is not true that if you have a preposition phrase then it will modify farther noun..
which always modifies closest noun....except in few cases.

the rule is:
Relative Pronouns Modify closest nouns UNLESS
– The phrase between modified entity and modifier provides additional
– The phrase cannot be placed anywhere else
– The phrase does not create any ambiguity in meaning

few examples:
I killed the snake,which lived in the burrow behind my house.==>which clearly modifies....SNAKE.

I killed the snake with scales ,which lived in the burrow behind my house.===>here which modifies snake and not the scales...because....above conditions follow here....scales is describing snake....you cannot place anywhere else to make sense correctly.....it doesnot create any ambiguity means.....==>this means scales live behind my house....this doesnt makes sense....

now take other example.:
i killed the snake with eggs ,which lay in burrow behind my house......==>here you can see that there is ambiguity....both EGGS and SNAKE can lay in burrow...hence this version of which is wrong....

so in your question ...which correctly modifies the closest noun.....doubt only when you see that it doesnt make sense meaning wise.....and dont consider your prepositional phrase theory as a rule...

hope it helps
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3662
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1692

Kudos [?]: 13576 [2] , given: 1909

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2012, 02:52
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
which modifies Colosseum and not construction.

It is NOT the case that, just because there is a prepositional phrase after a noun, the first noun is automatically the modified noun.

Rather, IF there is a noun followed by an essential description (typically accomplished via a short prepositional phrase), then it is POSSIBLE for that first noun to be the main noun to which the following noun modifier applies. But this does not have to be the case - it could still be the case that the noun right before the comma (that is, the noun in the prepositional phrase) is the modified noun.

The presence of a short, essential descriptor simply makes the sentence more flexible. The default is to assume that the immediately preceding noun is the modified noun, unless that flexibility exists, in which case the main noun could be the modified noun. This is an exception - it does not happen that often.

-excerpt from Stacey Koprince on this issue.
_________________
Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 2013
Followers: 163

Kudos [?]: 1827 [1] , given: 376

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2011, 00:16
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
abhicoolmax wrote:
gb8 wrote:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Seems to me like the reason why C is correct is because it is the "best" of the available choices, and there is NO HAD BEGUN in any of the option, CORRECT? Somebody please explain.

Actually, it'd unnecessary to use "Had Begun" (Past Perfect) in this scenario and there are reasons:
1. A construction can never finish before it begins. So, we already know the sequence of events.
2. completed a decade later; the word "later" clearly signifies that the event of completion occurred after the beginning of the construction.

Modifiers:
which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater
AND
officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater
Are both correct, with latter more elegant and GMAT style. However, we decide the correctness of the sentence on the basis of these modifiers because they both are correct.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
Let's shorten:
Construction began in A.D. 69 was completed later.
Two discrete events with two verbs "began" and "was" makes the sentence wrong. These verbs must be separated by AND.

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
"begun in A.D. 69"-- acts as a modifier for Roman Colosseum; Roman Colosseum begun in AD 69: what does this mean?

Construction during the reign of Vespasian was completed a decade later: decade later of what.

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
Correct.
Construction began in A.D. 69 and was completed a decade later.
Construction had begun in A.D. 69 and completed a decade later. Guess this is correct as well.

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
Same error as B's. Roman Colosseum begun in AD 69.

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
", and" -- demands a clause when the later part is a phrase
"was completed a decade later"-- No subject.
Roman Colosseum was begun in AD 69.
_________________
MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3662
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1692

Kudos [?]: 13576 [1] , given: 1909

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2012, 05:16
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Marcab wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
So in simple words, what she means to say is Follow the rule but be flexible.
Am i right?

Yes. Exactly.
However, I do want to emphasis that the RULE is that "which touches the noun preceding it". But it sometime is violated for some hard GMAT question such as this.

Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.
A. Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering
B. Dickinson were written over a period that begins a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ended shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber
C. Dickinson, written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and that ends shortly before Emily’s death in 1886 and outnumbering
D. Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother, ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, and outnumbering
E. Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA is E

Thats the question which showcases my point.
"which" will modify the noun preceding it but in case if the noun before "which" is a part of "prepositional phrase", then it will modify the "noun before the prepositional phrase".
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E
does exactly the same.

Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, which were...bla bla.
Now It will be great if you or anyone explain me when to apply the "touch rule" and when its "exception".

Moreover what does the "officially known as the ....." modify? Is it "construction" or is it "colosseum"?
How to move further with the correct split i.e. "which was officially known as" vs "officially known as"?

Marcab,
There are 2 VERY important things that you have to know here:
1. Grammar is flexible. You can't assign very stringent rules and that makes them more painful/interesting. Modifiers are most important to things that they modify and that changes with logic and meaning.
Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumbering her letters to anyone else.

In this example the "which must touch the preceding noun" is violated just to establish the fact that grammar is not always mechanical.
But that does not mean that the touch rule is completely invalid for prepositional phrases. It still has its weight.
But there is a bigger picture here
ALMOST ALL SENTENCE CORRECTION ANSWER CHOICES ARE WRONG BECAUSE OF MULTIPLE REASONS
If you see the above example "outnumbering" does not apply AT ALL as an ING modifier will always modify the entire preceding clause and that distorts the meaning. So we go with a better "outnumber".

both "officially known as" and "which is known has" have nothing inherently wrong with them and both refer to the Colosseum not because there are specific rules but simply because "which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater" or " officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater" CAN NOT refer to "construction". So just because the Colosseum is wrapped in a prep phrase does not make it too impotent to be modified.

But then Colosseum, however is still not the subject. Remember that modifiers can modify nouns. These nouns CAN or CAN NOT be the main subject of the sentence. In this particular sentence the main verbs "was began" and "was completed" can only make sense if the subject is construction.

So bottom line is, Rules do not make subjects/verbs/tenses. Logic and meaning does.
Does this help?
_________________
Intern
Joined: 16 May 2013
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 34 [1] , given: 13

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jun 2013, 01:01
1
KUDOS
zuberahmed wrote:
Relative pronouns such as which, that, who etc. should always touch the noun they are modifying. This is called the relative pronoun touch rule.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was: in this sentence the pronoun 'which' is modifying The Roman Colosseum. This is correct and should be the intented meaning of the sentence.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, offi cially known : In this sentence the ...officially known.. phrase modifies the subject of the main clause i.e. Construction of the Roamn Colesseum. This is wrong.

I beg to differ on the point made about Relative pronouns. In some cases relative pronouns can modify a far off noun. Fro e.g.

The committee chose Mr. Smith of Left Block, who was the most experienced member, to lead all the management-related operations.

This sentence is correct, even though the relative pronoun "Who" is not placed next to the Noun "Mr. Smith" that it modifies. Since Mr.Smith is followed by "of Left Block" which is a prepositional phrase , "Mr.Smith of Left Block" becomes a noun phrase. In this case who correctly modifies this noun phrase.
Intern
Joined: 04 Dec 2011
Posts: 26
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [1] , given: 6

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2013, 16:15
1
KUDOS
100.Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D.
69, during the reign of Vespasian
, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the
Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.
A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

I understand the sage of which as it is used for the nearest noun.Apart from that if the any prepositional phrase is there then it refers to the next closest noun.

ex:He has kept the red balls on the table,which are good our next match, and white bats in the room.

I believe here the which refers to balls.

If that is the case which in option a & c should refer to construction.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 08 Jul 2013, 22:57, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
VP
Joined: 21 Mar 2006
Posts: 1128
Location: Bangalore
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 0

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2006, 15:22
another C.
You need the second and to join two independent clauses.
Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2010
Posts: 206
WE 1: 4 yr IT
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 26

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2011, 02:52
C
by looking at the underlined portion we can say it requires "and" to fit with "was completed.."
A and D eliminated.
begun is inappropriate...so B and E eliminated
_________________

this time, we play for keeps

Last edited by vinzycoolfire on 18 Jan 2011, 03:07, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 03 May 2010
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 1

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2011, 04:07
Thanks lot for the clarification.

Can you look into the below example and let me know what is your take on this-

Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected.

Notice that ‘which’ is taking the place of the phrase ‘DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM’ that is used as as OBJECT of the preceding main clause. Notice that ‘which’ takes the place of the phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’, not ‘Jerusalem’ that is used as the object of the prepositional phrase ‘destruction of Jerusalem’ which is used as the complement of the noun ‘portent’.

(I got this note from one of the GMATCLUB forum discussion)
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2010
Posts: 161
Location: Banaglore
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 8

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2011, 01:05
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Astrologers saw the comet as a portent of the DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM, which happened as expected

OF JERUSALEM : A perpositional modifier. These types of modifiers are essential modifiers.

which happened as expected : A relative clause starting with 'which'. A non essential modifiers.

If you look at the sentence both the modifiers are modifying DESTRUCTION. But the essential modifiers is placed close to the Noun and the non essential modifier follows it.
Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2009
Posts: 136
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 188 [0], given: 97

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2012, 07:30
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

A. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

during the reign of Vespasian  does this imply that it was completed a decade later
began in A.D. 69.. is this sentence vvrong because there is no AND betvven
began in A.D. 69 ,was completed a decade later

B. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Does begun imply it is still continuing
The and is parallel to vvhich verb here

C. which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Correct:

D. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

Is this vvrong because it is vvrong parelleleim
officially known ……….. and begun

E. officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Can I considee this as vvrong because it is vvordy

which was begun in A.D. 69
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1381
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 178

Kudos [?]: 1466 [0], given: 62

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2012, 04:12
Quoting everyone above.
THE TOUCH RULE IS NOT VALID WHEREVER ONE WISHES.
go for #26 OG12.
what I am trying to say is that we must have to look over the sentences, which contain a relative pronoun.
Ex-
The box of nails, which is on the counter, is to be used on this object.
In this case, "which" CANNOT refer to "nails", since the verb "is" is singular. Therefore the nearest eligible noun is box.
the-gmat-tends-to-write-sentences-in-which-141100.html

Coming to this question, BDE refer "Construction of Colosseum" to "Flavian Amphitheatre".
Also begun should always be followed by "have".
+1 C
Hope that helps.
-s
_________________
Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 249
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 193 [0], given: 99

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2012, 22:11
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Please do explain with a reason why B is wrong over here.
I chose B beco z of the reason that two events are happened in the past so used past perfect.But i dont understand why it is wrong??pls explain
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Manager
Joined: 12 Jul 2011
Posts: 128
Concentration: Strategy, Sustainability
Schools: Booth '15 (M)
WE: Business Development (Non-Profit and Government)
Followers: 73

Kudos [?]: 509 [0], given: 41

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2012, 01:43
Marcab wrote:
Hii NonYankee.
Can you elaborate on one issue here?
"Contruction of the Roman Colosseum" intoduces a prepositional phrase here-"the Roman Colosseum". Since the prepositional phrase can't contain the subject, then how can "which" refer to "Roman Colosseum"?

Hi Marcab,

First, I don't know why you said that the prepositional phrase can't contain the subject. Is that a rule?

Second, the prepositional phrase doesn't contain the subject. The (simple) subject is construction.

Third, why wouldn't which be allowed to refer to Roman Colosseum?

Consider the following sentences:
She's a friend of my brother Rudolph.
She's a friend of my brother, whom you've met.

Both have as a subject She. Both have as a prepositional object brother. One follows the prepositional object with an appositive; one follows the prepositional object with a non-restrictive relative clause. Both sentences apply modifyers to the object of the preposition, and both are grammatically correct.

You might find these pages worth reading:
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm
http://www2.gsu.edu/~eslhpb/grammar/lec ... ative.html
_________________
MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3662
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1692

Kudos [?]: 13576 [0], given: 1909

Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2012, 01:51
Marcab wrote:
Hii NonYankee.
Can you elaborate on one issue here?
"Contruction of the Roman Colosseum" intoduces a prepositional phrase here-"the Roman Colosseum". Since the prepositional phrase can't contain the subject, then how can "which" refer to "Roman Colosseum"?

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

a) which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,
b) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
c)which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and
d) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it
e) officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

1. which modifies Colosseum and not construction.
2. subject of the main verbs in the sentence, however, is construction and not the Colosseum.
Is that what you are talking about Marcab?
_________________
Re: Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2012, 01:51

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 46 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially 0 02 Mar 2017, 08:18
1 *700* Construction of the Roman Colosseum 5 09 Apr 2015, 23:19
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was 0 03 Mar 2017, 07:25
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially 0 03 Jan 2013, 17:42
Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially 0 15 Dec 2012, 13:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by