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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider

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Director
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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2004, 05:29
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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early indication of the economyâ€™s direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving a clear picture of new spending patterns.
(A) tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving
(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give
(C) tumbled, and not so dramatically as to have given
(D) has tumbled, and not dramatically enough to give
(E) has tumbled, but not so dramatically as to give

Can someone explain me what the part "..., but not dramatically enough to/for/as to give..." is grammatically? (Like phrase/clause, what modify...)

Thanks.

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OA is (B)
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Senior Manager
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29 Dec 2004, 18:59
answer - B. reason - correct use of infinitive. POE helps, comes down to A or B. C/D/E just don't work since they use incorrect perfect tense. sorry wish i could give a clearer and better xplnation.
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29 Dec 2004, 22:47
Agree with B

Key things tested here are usage of correct tense & contrast to complete a thought. Only B gives you both
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Praveen

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30 Dec 2004, 00:49
B. "Sagged" requires "tumbled" not "has tumbled". To contrast "but" is required, => A or B. "to give a clear signal" is better than "for giving ...".
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30 Dec 2004, 05:55
Can someone explain how this part constructed grammatically?
...tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give ...
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30 Dec 2004, 11:44
3-2 split really helps

D and E are out as it is appropriate to use simple past tense rather than present perfect tense in this case.
Present Perfect indicates action that was completed in the immediate past. Which in this case is not true.
Ex: - He has just gone out.

This leaves us with A, B and C

A â€˜butâ€™ is more appropriate here as two clauses are opposite.
If we had similar clauses then an â€˜andâ€™ would have been correct.
Ex- He loves you and cares about you.
He likes you but does not care about you.

Fight between A and B

â€œto giveâ€
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Bhimsen Joshi

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07 Jan 2005, 17:33
I wonder "what" is "not dramatically enough "
Is this something called "Ellipsis"?
And how to rewrite this without using Ellipsis?
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08 Jan 2005, 06:22
kayser`soze wrote:
does anyone have the OA??

Yes, it is in the first post.
HIGHLIGHT BELOW TO SEE OA:
OA is (B)

Quote:
I wonder "what" is "not dramatically enough "
Is this something called "Ellipsis"?
And how to rewrite this without using Ellipsis?

Can I rewrite it like this:

Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early indication of the economyâ€™s direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but an early indication of the economyâ€™s direction is not dramatically enough to give a clear picture of new spending patterns.
08 Jan 2005, 06:22
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