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# Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous

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Intern
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Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 03:34
Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

As must be followed by clause not by noun. Then how Option D is correct??
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 04:12
1
Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be
: think Of A as B is the correct idiom
(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being :usage of being is wrong

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being: usage of being is wrong

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as : correct idiom :think of A as B

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as : corrects the idiom issue but is very wordy (passive construction ruins more)

D : correct
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 23:16
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 15:44
Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks again for such a elaborate answer. Now for answer choice B, Can you please throw some light on correct usage of being in GMAT? There is plethora of data available on net but i cannot comprehend it too well. Please advise
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2018, 13:34
Sidbendale1 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks again for such a elaborate answer. Now for answer choice B, Can you please throw some light on correct usage of being in GMAT? There is plethora of data available on net but i cannot comprehend it too well. Please advise
Sid

Thank you for the kind words, Sidbendale1! Check out this article for more about the use of "being" on the GMAT. It's a relatively minor topic on GMAT SC, but hopefully the article is clear enough to be helpful. If not, feel free to ask any followups directly on that thread.
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 01:52
GMATNinja wrote:
This question doesn’t test a terribly difficult set of concepts, but I still see a lot of errors on it, mostly because people tend to miss the pronouns “them” and “they” in the non-underlined portion. If you catch those right away, it’s a little bit easier to get to the right answer efficiently, as we discussed in this YouTube video.

Quote:
(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

The idiom is one problem with (A): the correct idiom is “think of X as”, not “think of X to be.”

But let’s suppose that you don’t know that. After all, there are somewhere around 25,000 idioms in English; you don’t plan to memorize all of them, right?

Even if the idiom escapes you, the GMAT still gives you a decent reason to eliminate (A): the pronouns “they” and “them” are ambiguous, because both “consumers” and “household cleaning products” are plural. And you could argue that because “many of them” is the subject of the 2nd clause of the sentence, it most likely refers back to the subject of the 1st clause (“consumers”), and that would make the sentence illogical: “many of [the consumers] can be harmful to health…” (For more on the nuances of this particular type of pronoun issue, check out this video, and we also discussed this specific question in a more recent video.)

To be fair, this is tricky stuff, and I’m not 100% certain that the pronouns are WRONG in (A). After all, pronoun ambiguity isn’t an absolute rule on the GMAT (more on that in the same pronoun video mentioned above).

So if you aren’t sure about the idiom and wanted to be conservative, you could keep (A). But as we’ll see in a moment, there are answer choices that fix the pronoun issue completely.

Quote:
(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

I definitely can’t come up with any reason why we would say “think of X being…” I can’t even figure out what “being” is trying to do in that sentence, to be honest.

Plus, the pronoun issue mentioned in (A) is still a problem. See the explanation for (A) if you want more rambling (and resources) about the pronouns.

Anyway, (B) is out.
Quote:
(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

This one is the easiest to eliminate. Sure, the word “being” doesn’t really make any sense in here (see the explanation for (B) for more on this), but the bigger issue is that “their” has no referent, since “a consumer” is singular.

So (C) is definitely out.

Quote:
(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

OK, so (D) very nicely cleans up the pronoun issue we described in answer choice (A). Because “a consumer” is now singular, “many of them” and “their” (in the non-underlined portion) MUST refer back to the only remaining plural noun, “household cleaning products.” And that makes perfect sense: it’s the “household cleaning products” that are hazardous to health, not the consumers.

So we can keep (D).

Quote:
(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

The biggest problem with (E) is that it’s a passive version of (D). Passive voice isn’t automatically WRONG on the GMAT, but you need to have a really, really good reason to use it. Consider the following two sentences:

• Charlie ate three kilograms of dosas. → Active voice, since the grammatical subject of the sentence (Charlie) actually “performs” the action (“ate”).
• Three kilograms of dosas were eaten by Charlie. → Passive voice, since the main action of the sentence (eating) is performed by a noun (Charlie) which is no longer the subject of the sentence.

Again, the second version isn’t WRONG, but it’s a silly and inefficient way to write that particular sentence.

The same is true of (E): why say “household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as…” when we could just start the sentence with a nice, clean subject and verb (“Consumers may not think of household cleaning products…”), like the version in (D)?

(D) is better than (E), so it’s our winner.

"As" is used to compare actions/verbs or clauses. here it is not followed . how come d is correct?
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2019, 00:47
I have just started my Gmat prep so please correct me if I am wrong.

As should be followed by a clause and here as is followed by a noun so is that not wrong?
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2019, 01:09
look at choice e.
"by the customer" is inserted between "thought of" and "as". this is not good, I think.

we should place "by the customer " after "substances".

regarding passive
passive is used when the agent who do the action is not important. the agent is so unimportant that agent is omitted.
if we still present the agent, we should not use passive voice.

I am really confused about why the agent "consumers " is not important here. i still think that passive is good here if we place "by customers" after "substances".

so, the error in choice E is " thought of, by customers, as ".
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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01 May 2019, 01:38
I chose E because I assumed that Hazardous Products is the subject, so the pronouns in the end MUST UNAMBIGUOUSLY refer to the subject.

D is the correct answer because there is only one possible plural antecedent. So does this rule take priority over the first rule I mentioned?
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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01 May 2019, 04:32
vyascd wrote:
I have just started my Gmat prep so please correct me if I am wrong.

As should be followed by a clause and here as is followed by a noun so is that not wrong?
Sorry for the late response. In case you'd still like an answer:

As can be followed by a noun, in which case it is typically used (a) to indicate the role or function of something. It can also be used (b) when talking about a person or object during a particular time.

a. He works as a support executive.
b. He learnt that rule as a child.

Here are a couple of official questions you can take a look at: 1 and 2.

The think of X as Y in this question means to see or consider X as Y.
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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01 May 2019, 04:41
Diwabag wrote:
I chose E because I assumed that Hazardous Products is the subject, so the pronouns in the end MUST UNAMBIGUOUSLY refer to the subject.

D is the correct answer because there is only one possible plural antecedent. So does this rule take priority over the first rule I mentioned?
Pronouns aren't always the most reliable way to get into a question, unless we're looking at something like agreement (singular/plural). What that means for us is that we don't want to pick an option in which the they could refer to consumers or to household cleaning products/hazardous substances if we can avoid doing so. We definitely don't want something like the their in option C, because that pronoun is meant to refer to consumers (but the option uses a consumer).

More generally though, pronoun ambiguity is not as important an issue as we might think it is. We don't want to remove an option just because it contains an ambiguous pronoun without checking the other options for "bigger" errors. In other words, we probably don't want to go with "unambiguously" as a condition that we are unwilling to compromise on. That is, the correct option could include an ambiguous pronoun (it depends on whether the other options have the "bigger" errors we just discussed).
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 09:59
GMATNinja wrote:
This question doesn’t test a terribly difficult set of concepts, but I still see a lot of errors on it, mostly because people tend to miss the pronouns “them” and “they” in the non-underlined portion. If you catch those right away, it’s a little bit easier to get to the right answer efficiently, as we discussed in this YouTube video.

Quote:
(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

The idiom is one problem with (A): the correct idiom is “think of X as”, not “think of X to be.”

But let’s suppose that you don’t know that. After all, there are somewhere around 25,000 idioms in English; you don’t plan to memorize all of them, right?

Even if the idiom escapes you, the GMAT still gives you a decent reason to eliminate (A): the pronouns “they” and “them” are ambiguous, because both “consumers” and “household cleaning products” are plural. And you could argue that because “many of them” is the subject of the 2nd clause of the sentence, it most likely refers back to the subject of the 1st clause (“consumers”), and that would make the sentence illogical: “many of [the consumers] can be harmful to health…” (For more on the nuances of this particular type of pronoun issue, check out this video, and we also discussed this specific question in a more recent video.)

To be fair, this is tricky stuff, and I’m not 100% certain that the pronouns are WRONG in (A). After all, pronoun ambiguity isn’t an absolute rule on the GMAT (more on that in the same pronoun video mentioned above).

So if you aren’t sure about the idiom and wanted to be conservative, you could keep (A). But as we’ll see in a moment, there are answer choices that fix the pronoun issue completely.

Quote:
(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

I definitely can’t come up with any reason why we would say “think of X being…” I can’t even figure out what “being” is trying to do in that sentence, to be honest.

Plus, the pronoun issue mentioned in (A) is still a problem. See the explanation for (A) if you want more rambling (and resources) about the pronouns.

Anyway, (B) is out.
Quote:
(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

This one is the easiest to eliminate. Sure, the word “being” doesn’t really make any sense in here (see the explanation for (B) for more on this), but the bigger issue is that “their” has no referent, since “a consumer” is singular.

So (C) is definitely out.

Quote:
(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

OK, so (D) very nicely cleans up the pronoun issue we described in answer choice (A). Because “a consumer” is now singular, “many of them” and “their” (in the non-underlined portion) MUST refer back to the only remaining plural noun, “household cleaning products.” And that makes perfect sense: it’s the “household cleaning products” that are hazardous to health, not the consumers.

So we can keep (D).

Quote:
(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

The biggest problem with (E) is that it’s a passive version of (D). Passive voice isn’t automatically WRONG on the GMAT, but you need to have a really, really good reason to use it. Consider the following two sentences:

• Charlie ate three kilograms of dosas. → Active voice, since the grammatical subject of the sentence (Charlie) actually “performs” the action (“ate”).
• Three kilograms of dosas were eaten by Charlie. → Passive voice, since the main action of the sentence (eating) is performed by a noun (Charlie) which is no longer the subject of the sentence.

Again, the second version isn’t WRONG, but it’s a silly and inefficient way to write that particular sentence.

The same is true of (E): why say “household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as…” when we could just start the sentence with a nice, clean subject and verb (“Consumers may not think of household cleaning products…”), like the version in (D)?

(D) is better than (E), so it’s our winner.

Hi GMATNinja,

Please help me with this sentence because I'm going crazy - I feel frustrated that sometimes when I find something ambiguous, experts will say that it's very clear, and when I read something as clear (A must refer to B only), then the expert will say it's ambiguous!

So in this case, if D says "The consumers" instead of A consumer, will E be better? Thanks!
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Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2019, 04:31
but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

Idiom Error is the main one here as as them and they cannot refer to Consumers logically at any cost.

Only error in the A option is idiomatic error.

Thanks
Re: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2019, 04:31

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