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# Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early

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Director
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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2005, 19:49
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Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it
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SVP
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2005, 01:07
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

predicted (that) the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it ......indirect speech : will ----> would
Also, we don't need to use "ethnicity" in D coz we know what " it" refers to( clearly it refers to "ethnicity")

I go for A.
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2005, 01:14
laxieqv wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

predicted (that) the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it ......indirect speech : will ----> would
Also, we don't need to use "ethnicity" in D coz we know what " it" refers to( clearly it refers to "ethnicity")

I go for A.

Does ETS allow the omission of "that" ?

I admit that it is commonly omitted in normal English, but I've never seen the omission of "that" in ETS English.

Please show me light!
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25 Nov 2005, 01:32
On first look, it seems 'it' would have no clear referent, but looking at it agian, it seems to point to 'ethnicity'.

B, E -> clumsy construction
C -> not concise
D -> results in awkward sentence

A is best.
Current Student
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25 Nov 2005, 08:52
Nothing wrong with the original sentence. All the others are grammatical abominations.

(A)
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25 Nov 2005, 11:38
Guys I would vote also for A, yet I have some doubts if the it is correctly defined and if it has a reference. Is it so clear in that sentence that it refers to ethnicity?
Director
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2005, 15:39
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

The OA is A

B-to be is not efficient use
C-wordy, also ethnicity is redundant
D-ethnicity is redundant
E-need "would" to make sentecne clear, ing is not favored
A is best

also correct me if im wrong

But "that" is not always needed after predicted
Ex
Nostradamas predicted the fall of the Roman Empire.
CEO
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2007, 10:16
joemama142000 wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

The OA is A

B-to be is not efficient use
C-wordy, also ethnicity is redundant
D-ethnicity is redundant
E-need "would" to make sentecne clear, ing is not favored
A is best

also correct me if im wrong

But "that" is not always needed after predicted
Ex
Nostradamas predicted the fall of the Roman Empire.

Does it have to do with tense?

She predicts that X will happen. (future tense)
She predicted X would happen. (past tense)

She predicted that X would happen. (that, in this case, is restrictive)
Director
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2007, 20:11
bmwhype2 wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

The OA is A

B-to be is not efficient use
C-wordy, also ethnicity is redundant
D-ethnicity is redundant
E-need "would" to make sentecne clear, ing is not favored
A is best

also correct me if im wrong

But "that" is not always needed after predicted
Ex
Nostradamas predicted the fall of the Roman Empire.

Does it have to do with tense?

She predicts that X will happen. (future tense)
She predicted X would happen. (past tense)

She predicted that X would happen. (that, in this case, is restrictive)

She predicts that X will happen. (future tense) --- Fine
She predicted X would happen. (past tense) ---- In this case "that" is implicit.

However, in the sentence:

Nostradamas predicted the fall of the Roman Empire

"predicted" is talking about noun "the fall" so no need of "that".

Your sentence can be rewritten to omit the requirement (implicit/explicit) of "that":

She predicted the happening of XYZ.....

- Brajesh
CEO
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Re: SC scholarly wisdom [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2007, 13:03
joemama142000 wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950â€™s and early 1960â€™s that predicted the processes of modernization and rationalization would gradually undermine it, ethnicity is a worldwide phenomenon of increasing importance.
(A) would gradually undermine it
(B) to be a gradual undermining of it
(C) would be a gradual undermining of ethnicity
(D) to gradually undermine ethnicity
(E) gradually undermining it

The OA is A

B-to be is not efficient use
C-wordy, also ethnicity is redundant
D-ethnicity is redundant
E-need "would" to make sentecne clear, ing is not favored
A is best

also correct me if im wrong

But "that" is not always needed after predicted
Ex
Nostradamas predicted the fall of the Roman Empire.

http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentenc ... verbs.html
Re: SC scholarly wisdom   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2007, 13:03
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# Contrary to the scholarly wisdom of the 1950s and early

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