Corporations will soon be required to report to the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Corporations will soon be required to report to the

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Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2005, 15:47
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Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published

(E) earned by their employees and published the information
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Re: SC- corporation [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2005, 16:25
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
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09 Apr 2005, 22:27
looks like a toughie to me...
Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders

in violet is stuff that can be eliminated

in blue is correct sentence structure and the red is the only portion which will need to be modified. Therefore we are left with D and E

I prefer D to E

D should be it!
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10 Apr 2005, 06:57
I'd go by B. since it correlates with "that" for both the clauses. Also the employees are not clear if they're of corporation or government.

OA plz
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10 Apr 2005, 07:14
Great explanation, Vithal!

D for me, too, since

(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published - doesn't work with the sentence structure (consider: corps will soon be required that the information be published in annual reports... doesn't make sense).

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published - same as (A) - "that the information be published" can't stand alone.

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published - we're talking about benefits in the plural, so the verb must be plural as well.

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published - this makes sense, since the verb agrees with benefits and the clause about publishing the information works with the sentence structure.

(E) earned by their employees and published the information - we're talking about corps that need to publish the information. For this to be correct, it should read "earned by their employees and publish the information"
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10 Apr 2005, 11:33
D.

Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published
###Lacks parallelism.
###Correct form - "required to report ......and to publish"

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
###Lacks parallelosm. See above.

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
###Verb agreement issue - singular/plural.
###Correct form - "benefits that were earned"

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published
###Correct.

(E) earned by their employees and published the information
###Lack of parallelism. See explanation for option (A)
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10 Apr 2005, 12:04
D was my pick.
I definitely come up with the same explanations given above, though when I spotted the mistake I expected other possible choices, more parallel
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10 Apr 2005, 13:59
well i can see that all of you concur with the correct answere,

but no one seems to explain the structure of D

if we reduce D,we get
Corporations will soon be required to report to the government ---, information that must also be published

if we reduce further,

Corporations will soon be required to report, information that must also be published.

now dosen't it look clumsy as if the second part have no connection with the first part. IMO a connector is reqd to connect the two parts as

Corporations will soon be required to report----- and publish the information.

however, D is the OA, therefore the construction in D is correct, but i dont understand the structure. it would be very helpful if someone can explain the structure gramatically.
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10 Apr 2005, 20:25
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
- 'that' is redundant.

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
- present perfect is unnescessary, and being published is also un-idiomatic in this context

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published

(E) earned by their employees and published the information
- published is the wrong tense.

Between A and D, I'll take D.
In (A), the use of 'and' suggests that information and the reporting are one action item. The information could be anything in this case.

D makes it clear. By seperating the two phrases by a comma, it makes clear that the information is the 'reserves use to pay the pension etc'

D it is.
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11 Apr 2005, 09:11
ywilfred- i guess i got the point.

"information that must be published" is acting as a resumptive modifier.
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11 Apr 2005, 09:18
dipaksingh wrote:
ywilfred- i guess i got the point.

"information that must be published" is acting as a resumptive modifier.

Can't say I've heard of the term resumptive modifier. What's that ? Could you elaborate a little more please?
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11 Apr 2005, 12:09
does anyone know what is being tested here? I guess we are forced to pick D as the less-than-ideal option, but I don't know how to learn from this. What is the OA?
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13 Apr 2005, 05:11
well! analysing the sentence and going through my notes i got the concept inherent in this sentence.

this sentence is an example where a relative clause is used as a summative modifier.
the basic structure of these type of sentences are,

a independent clause followed by a "comma" + a summative+ relative clause (starting with which , that, who, whose, whome )

a summative- is used so that the relative clause doesn't dangle (with out any referent).
"summative" is usually used to refer back the whole of independent clause before it.

eg-Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees, +information+ that must also be published .

here "information" is used to refer " whether they have necessary reserves to pay -------earned by their employees"
a typical structure of resumptive modifier is

independent clause + a word/term from the previous independent clause + modifier of the word/term.

eg- digital revelution will change the way people live in society, +a society where rich people will become rich at the expense of the poor.

this mantra - i got from a testmagic.com post. (apart from spideys note there's another member who has compiled his notes and donated to testmagic with the permission of erin- the problem is that the notes are not downloadable and many members have complained about that within the post. i was lucky though to get the print out ,but didn't save it in my PC.)
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14 Apr 2005, 03:02
dipaksingh wrote:
well! analysing the sentence and going through my notes i got the concept inherent in this sentence.

this sentence is an example where a relative clause is used as a summative modifier.
the basic structure of these type of sentences are,

a independent clause followed by a "comma" + a summative+ relative clause (starting with which , that, who, whose, whome )

a summative- is used so that the relative clause doesn't dangle (with out any referent).
"summative" is usually used to refer back the whole of independent clause before it.

eg-Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees, +information+ that must also be published .

here "information" is used to refer " whether they have necessary reserves to pay -------earned by their employees"
a typical structure of resumptive modifier is

independent clause + a word/term from the previous independent clause + modifier of the word/term.

eg- digital revelution will change the way people live in society, +a society where rich people will become rich at the expense of the poor.

this mantra - i got from a testmagic.com post. (apart from spideys note there's another member who has compiled his notes and donated to testmagic with the permission of erin- the problem is that the notes are not downloadable and many members have complained about that within the post. i was lucky though to get the print out ,but didn't save it in my PC.)

Can't say i understand much of your analysis but i also go for D.
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14 Apr 2005, 03:37
dipaksingh wrote:
well! analysing the sentence and going through my notes i got the concept inherent in this sentence.

this sentence is an example where a relative clause is used as a summative modifier.
the basic structure of these type of sentences are,

a independent clause followed by a "comma" + a summative+ relative clause (starting with which , that, who, whose, whome )

a summative- is used so that the relative clause doesn't dangle (with out any referent).
"summative" is usually used to refer back the whole of independent clause before it.

eg-Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees, +information+ that must also be published .

here "information" is used to refer " whether they have necessary reserves to pay -------earned by their employees"
a typical structure of resumptive modifier is

independent clause + a word/term from the previous independent clause + modifier of the word/term.

eg- digital revelution will change the way people live in society, +a society where rich people will become rich at the expense of the poor.

this mantra - i got from a testmagic.com post. (apart from spideys note there's another member who has compiled his notes and donated to testmagic with the permission of erin- the problem is that the notes are not downloadable and many members have complained about that within the post. i was lucky though to get the print out ,but didn't save it in my PC.)

Guys: Isnt this subjunctive?

required ...that....be.......

Atleast I was biased to guess as B......

Vithal&Dipak: thanks for a decent explanation
14 Apr 2005, 03:37
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