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Corporations will soon be required to report to the

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Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2009, 13:05
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228. Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published
(E) earned by their employees and published the information


Pls explain the answers....

There is no correct answer according to me.....
if in option C the verb 'was' is replaced by 'were' then it might be the correct option.
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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228. Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published (and that the information has no parallel before and)
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published - "pension benefits that someone earned" is wrong; its right to say "pension benefits earned"
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published - correct (corps will be required to report to the govt. _____ , information ; here the ____ is the 'information' and information correctly modifies the phrase before ,(comma)
(E) earned by their employees and published the information - awkward

IMO D, what is OA?
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2009, 10:31
The solution says answer is C.....
which is clearly incorrect
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2009, 14:38
papillon86 wrote:
The solution says answer is C.....
which is clearly incorrect


what is the source of this questiono. C does seem to be wrong...
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2009, 12:26
The best option seems to be D.
I think,for very few questions,the answers in 1000 SC are incorrect.
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Re: SC 1000/228, moderator pls solve [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2010, 10:56
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What is wrong with A ??

Its a subjunctive case, and i think A is best placed here.. what say???
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2010, 08:15
IMO - Answer is D.

I have particular interest in the word 'information' in the sentence. What information does the sentence refer to..It has to refer to "they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees ". Hence if there is a comma, there has to be a noun or a pronoun reference inorder to speak further about that information..

Hence taking this explanation..let me know if the sentence makes the intended meaning..
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2010, 09:20
D for me.

The information to be published in annual reports is "whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees".
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2010, 04:40
A for me as well. A looks much better than the rest.
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Re: SC 1000/228 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2011, 09:38
thesfactor wrote:
A??


Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees [b] and that [/b]the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

I am bit confused .. I think there should not be that after And.
If the sentence was "Corporations will soon be required to report to the government [strike]whether[/strike] that" , it would have been correct.

and moreover the clause before and is not in subjunctive but one after and is in subjunctive?

Am I missing sth?
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2012, 10:33
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Hi All,

Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

As usual we will begin by understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence is saying that corporations will soon be asked to report to report to the government whether they have the necessary funds to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees. In addition, they will be required to publish this information in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

Now let’s find the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

Cl 1: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government
Cl 2: whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Cl 3: and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Error Analysis:

1. Presence of “and” indicates the presence of a list. Hence, it is very important to identify correct entities in the list. So the list in the sentence is:
Corporations will soon be required to X and Y.
X = report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Y = that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

These two entities are not parallel because the first entity is written in “to verb” form while the second one is written in subjunctive verb form.

POE:

A. earned by their employees and that the information be published: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. that their employees earned and that the information be published: Incorrect. Repeats the same parallelism error as in choice A.

C. that was earned by their employees with the information being published: Incorrect.

1. Singular “was” does not agree in number with plural “pension benefits”.
2. This sentence distorts the meaning of the sentence. This choice now says that employees earned the benefits with information that was being published in the annual reports. This is clearly not the intended meaning.

D. earned by their employees, information that must also be published: Correct. This choice discards the parallelism in the sentence to convey the intended meaning most effectively. Here “information that must also be published…” is a Noun (information) + Noun Modifier “that must be…”) that modifies the preceding clause “whether they have…”.

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2012, 20:24
The explanation was superb. Thank you very much.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2012, 06:55
I am the e gmat customer and I understand that the first step is important.

we need to infer/understand the intended meaning when read only the original sentence. This first step is hard because we need to understand the intended meaning when we read the distorted meaning/sentence.

in this problem, it is hard to infer the intended meaning and though I get it correct, I spent 4 minutes.

How to improve the process of understanding/infering the intended meaning when we read only the distorted original sentence. This is my question.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2013, 05:39
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2014, 04:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 03:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 21:56
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

As usual we will begin by understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence is saying that corporations will soon be asked to report to report to the government whether they have the necessary funds to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees. In addition, they will be required to publish this information in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

Now let’s find the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

Cl 1: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government
Cl 2: whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Cl 3: and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Error Analysis:

1. Presence of “and” indicates the presence of a list. Hence, it is very important to identify correct entities in the list. So the list in the sentence is:
Corporations will soon be required to X and Y.
X = report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Y = that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

These two entities are not parallel because the first entity is written in “to verb” form while the second one is written in subjunctive verb form.

POE:

A. earned by their employees and that the information be published: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. that their employees earned and that the information be published: Incorrect. Repeats the same parallelism error as in choice A.

C. that was earned by their employees with the information being published: Incorrect.

1. Singular “was” does not agree in number with plural “pension benefits”.
2. This sentence distorts the meaning of the sentence. This choice now says that employees earned the benefits with information that was being published in the annual reports. This is clearly not the intended meaning.

D. earned by their employees, information that must also be published: Correct. This choice discards the parallelism in the sentence to convey the intended meaning most effectively. Here “information that must also be published…” is a Noun (information) + Noun Modifier “that must be…”) that modifies the preceding clause “whether they have…”.

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 00:56
ammuseeru wrote:
Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

Hi ammuseeru, E does not use publish; it uses published.

Clearly, published cannot follow to (basically to published is incorrect).
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 04:28
ammuseeru wrote:

Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

Regards,


Hi to + verb - here verb should always be in the base form not in past tense or any other form. Please do correct me, if i am wrong.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2017, 12:21
ammuseeru wrote:
Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

Regards,



Hello ammuseeru,

Thank you for the query. :-)

Choice E uses the verb published which is in simple past tense. But in the structure "to verb", to CANNOT be followed by a verb in simple past tense. To must be followed by the base form of the verb, the form that is not followed by suffixes such as "s", "ed", "ing", etc. For example:

He has gone to play tennis.
She took her mother's help to finish her project.

For this very reason, Choice E is incorrect because to cannot be followed by published.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the   [#permalink] 31 May 2017, 12:21
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