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# Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countri

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56257
Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countri  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2019, 08:07
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

92% (00:59) correct 8% (01:04) wrong based on 90 sessions

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Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countries. In Country A, about 2,500 violent crimes are reported per year. In Country B, about 1,000 violent crimes
are reported per year. Trying to draw tourists away from Country A, officials in Country B use these violent crime statistics to claim it has a lower violent crime rate than Country A.

Which of the following, if true, would expose the flaw in Country B's argument that it has the lower violent crime rate?

A. Most violent criminals in Country B are repeat offenders.

B. White-collar crime is higher in Country B than in Country A.

C. The population of Country A is 20 times greater than the population of Country B.

D. Country B has fewer tourists than Country A.

E. Country A has a better prison system than Country B.

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Re: Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countri  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2019, 10:12
Quote:
A. Most violent criminals in Country B are repeat offenders.

The argument is concerned with no of crimes but not with no of criminals. ELIMINATED
Quote:
B. White-collar crime is higher in Country B than in Country A.

This statement brings new additional information trying to weaken Country B's claim but doesn't expose the flaw in its claim. ELIMINATED
Quote:
C. The population of Country A is 20 times greater than the population of Country B.

This should be the answer. As the population 20 times greater the chances of having higher crimes is possible and this choice is best among the options.
Quote:
D. Country B has fewer tourists than Country A.

No of tourists doesn't answer the flaw in Country B's claim. ELIMINATED
Quote:
E. Country A has a better prison system than Country B.

If this is the case, then country B's criminal may escape easily and commit more crimes. Weakening the argument. ELIMINATED

OPTION: C
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56257
Re: Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countri  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 05:51
Bunuel wrote:
Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countries. In Country A, about 2,500 violent crimes are reported per year. In Country B, about 1,000 violent crimes
are reported per year. Trying to draw tourists away from Country A, officials in Country B use these violent crime statistics to claim it has a lower violent crime rate than Country A.

Which of the following, if true, would expose the flaw in Country B's argument that it has the lower violent crime rate?

A. Most violent criminals in Country B are repeat offenders.

B. White-collar crime is higher in Country B than in Country A.

C. The population of Country A is 20 times greater than the population of Country B.

D. Country B has fewer tourists than Country A.

E. Country A has a better prison system than Country B.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

C

The flaw in Country B's argument is that it does not properly distinguish between totals and rates or percentages. Country B has fewer violent crimes, but that doesn't mean that it has a lower crime rate, or fewer violent crimes per person. In fact, (C) indicates that Country A's population is so much greater than that of Country B that the percentage of people who are victims of violent crime in Country A is actually lower than it is in Country B. So (C) is correct because it fixes the total/percentage flaw and indicates that Country A has the lower violent crime rate.

(A), (B), and (E) aren't relevant to the relative rates of violent crime in the two countries. (D) is irrelevant because the crime rates in the two countries are not determined by how many tourists they have but- by their total populations. •
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Re: Countries A and B are in competition to draw tourists to their countri   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 05:51
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