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# Countries that repeatedly violate international trade laws are usually

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Manager
Joined: 16 May 2016
Posts: 190
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Healthcare
GPA: 3.5
WE: Analyst (Consulting)

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06 Aug 2018, 21:47
1
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (02:27) correct 45% (02:14) wrong based on 58 sessions

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Countries that repeatedly violate international trade laws are usually penalized for such violations by being banned from the international trade market for short periods of time following each infraction. Analyses of trade market behavior have shown that over 50 percent of such countries exhibit a marked tendency to wait for a period of at least twelve months before violating the laws again. Some experts believe that this trend suggests that these repeat offenders may be kept in check by banning them as punishment. However, the penalty for such infractions should clearly be harsher, since just below 50 percent of the violators, after all, do repeat the offence within the span of a year.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A
The first is an opinion that is opposed by the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

B.The first is a judgment that is disputed in the argument; the second is an observation that supports the author’s conclusion.

C
The first is an explanation that the argument as a whole seeks to establish; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

D
The first is a belief that the argument opposes; the second is a consideration raised to support that belief.

E.The first is a belief that the argument does not support; the second is the position that the argument as a whole seeks to establish.

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Intern
Joined: 07 Jun 2018
Posts: 20
Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Marketing (Insurance)

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06 Aug 2018, 22:57
Cbirole wrote:
Countries that repeatedly violate international trade laws are usually penalized for such violations by being banned from the international trade market for short periods of time following each infraction. Analyses of trade market behavior have shown that over 50 percent of such countries exhibit a marked tendency to wait for a period of at least twelve months before violating the laws again. Some experts believe that this trend suggests that these repeat offenders may be kept in check by banning them as punishment. However, the penalty for such infractions should clearly be harsher, since just below 50 percent of the violators, after all, do repeat the offence within the span of a year.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A
The first is an opinion that is opposed by the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

B.The first is a judgment that is disputed in the argument; the second is an observation that supports the author’s conclusion.

C
The first is an explanation that the argument as a whole seeks to establish; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

D
The first is a belief that the argument opposes; the second is a consideration raised to support that belief.

E.The first is a belief that the argument does not support; the second is the position that the argument as a whole seeks to establish.

The argument in the first bold gives a viewpoint of some experts, not author. His viewpoint comes in next sentence followed by "However" which suggest the view opposes the experts' view.

The second bold sentence is followed after since. Hence, this is an evidence which is after the author's contrasting conclusion supporting it.

The two explanations only matches with Option B.
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Director
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 796
Concentration: Strategy, General Management

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07 Aug 2018, 01:37
Cbirole wrote:
Countries that repeatedly violate international trade laws are usually penalized for such violations by being banned from the international trade market for short periods of time following each infraction. Analyses of trade market behavior have shown that over 50 percent of such countries exhibit a marked tendency to wait for a period of at least twelve months before violating the laws again. Some experts believe that this trend suggests that these repeat offenders may be kept in check by banning them as punishment. However, the penalty for such infractions should clearly be harsher, since just below 50 percent of the violators, after all, do repeat the offence within the span of a year.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A
The first is an opinion that is opposed by the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

B.The first is a judgment that is disputed in the argument; the second is an observation that supports the author’s conclusion.

C
The first is an explanation that the argument as a whole seeks to establish; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

D
The first is a belief that the argument opposes; the second is a consideration raised to support that belief.

E.The first is a belief that the argument does not support; the second is the position that the argument as a whole seeks to establish

Conclusion
the penalty for such infractions should clearly be harsher

The second bold face is definitely not a conclusion
A and C are out

second boldface is premise to support the final conclusion , and the final conclusion is against the expert's belief
D and E are out.

B it is !!
Re: Countries that repeatedly violate international trade laws are usually &nbs [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 01:37
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