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# CR: air pollutants

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Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
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CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 01:56
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Relax with easy CR question.

Automobile emissions are a significant source of air pollutants, and cars over five years old typically generate significantly greater amounts of pollutants than newer cars. In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the likelihood that the planned incentives, if implemented, will achieve both of the cited aims?

(A) Without the implementation of the planned incentives, most Torinians who own an old car would be unlikely to buy a new car.
(B) Torinia's automobile plant manufactures car models that typically generate smaller amounts of air pollutants than most similarly sized car models manufactured elsewhere.
(C) The new cars produced in Torinia are not likely to be exported to other countries.
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants.
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 06 Apr 2015, 00:54, edited 2 times in total.
Director
Joined: 01 Jan 2008
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 02:20
Looks like E..

A strengthens the argument, & B C, D not related.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 03:42
i would have gone for D ... as it directly talks about air pollution. But then again, so does E ... hmmm
Manager
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 04:31
is the OA E ?
Senior Manager
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 18:52
lexis wrote:
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants.
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.

Only choice D and E appeal to me.

I will go with choice E. Government plans to reduce air pollution from car. If the automobile plant also created a great of pollution, why bother replacing a car?

Choice D is wrong because the argument does not care what is the largest source of atmospheric pollutants. The argument only says that the automoblie emissions are the significant source of pollution and government are planning to deal with it. Power plant is out of scope of this question.
Intern
Joined: 04 Mar 2008
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 19:06
Only D and E needs to be considered. But, since in the question it is asked for both the issues, one should go for E. Is OA E?
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Joined: 13 Jun 2008
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 19:31
lexis wrote:
Relax with easy CR question.

Automobile emissions are a significant source of air pollutants, and cars over five years old typically generate significantly greater amounts of pollutants than newer cars. In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the likelihood that the planned incentives, if implemented, will achieve both of the cited aims?

(A) Without the implementation of the planned incentives, most Torinians who own an old car would be unlikely to buy a new car.
(B) Torinia's automobile plant manufactures car models that typically generate smaller amounts of air pollutants than most similarly sized car models manufactured elsewhere.
(C) The new cars produced in Torinia are not likely to be exported to other countries.
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants.
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.

I would also choose E. A and B don't undermine either aim: economic improvement and pollution reduction. C may undermine economic improvement since exporting cars will bring in new money to help boost the economy, but helps support the objective of reducing pollution. D doesn't undermine the pollution reduction aim, and the question states only that pollutants are a "signficant," not the largest, source of pollution (could be 49% versus 51%)... and it doesn't undermine the ecomonic aim. E very directly undermines the pollution aim since you now have two "sginifcant" pollution contribution activities rather than one.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 19:59
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Relax with easy CR question.

Automobile emissions are a significant source of air pollutants, and cars over five years old typically generate significantly greater amounts of pollutants than newer cars. In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the likelihood that the planned incentives, if implemented, will achieve both of the cited aims?

(A) Without the implementation of the planned incentives, most Torinians who own an old car would be unlikely to buy a new car. -> strengthens hence eliminated
(B) Torinia's automobile plant manufactures car models that typically generate smaller amounts of air pollutants than most similarly sized car models manufactured elsewhere. -> it supports the conclution
(C) The new cars produced in Torinia are not likely to be exported to other countries. -> this is quite out of context since it talks about exporting the cars.Eliminate
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants. -> again its not appropriate and irrelevant.Eliminate
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants. -> this is the Best since it says manufacturing and scrapping leads to pollution hence the aim is achieved.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 13:27
E.

The purpose is defeated.
In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.
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Joined: 28 Dec 2004
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 14:55
E for me..

what are you going to do with the old cars??? scrapping them is also polluting..so E is best
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2008, 16:14
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I also chose E for the reasons cited by everyone else - but, I dont see how E weakens the aim to boost T's economy.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2008, 17:10
gmat blows wrote:
I also chose E for the reasons cited by everyone else - but, I dont see how E weakens the aim to boost T's economy.

When people buy new cars they will spend money.That will boost the economy.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2012, 00:25
Sorry for starting the old thread.
My confusion is that how does E undermines BOTH claims? It only undermines the "pollution reduction" but what about the economy?
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2012, 10:56
Hi Marcab
Same thought here
we have to weaken the claim that neither the economy nor the pollution control is going to benefit from the plan. In that light i think C will be the best answer though not happy.
But I ll share my thought.....When the cars will not be exported the market will be restricted to home county itself and hence If the car is bought in the own county only, than also it will pollute as new cars also pollute the environment.

Though not happy with the selection but clearly C is the best choice here.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 01:56
But how will C contribute anything to the economy. Moreover you are also assuming that the production is either constant or has increased. What if their production is so less that they are not able to export their cars outside the country?
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 05:18
lexis wrote:
Relax with easy CR question.

Automobile emissions are a significant source of air pollutants, and cars over five years old typically generate significantly greater amounts of pollutants than newer cars. In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the likelihood that the planned incentives, if implemented, will achieve both of the cited aims?

(A) Without the implementation of the planned incentives, most Torinians who own an old car would be unlikely to buy a new car.
(B) Torinia's automobile plant manufactures car models that typically generate smaller amounts of air pollutants than most similarly sized car models manufactured elsewhere.
(C) The new cars produced in Torinia are not likely to be exported to other countries.
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants.
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.

See, the question is, which one says that both of the aims will be not be achieved. So we need to look for the choice that will undermine one of them. Here again we see the importance of reading the question very carefully.

We see that E only does that and none of the other undermines even one of the aims.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 10:31
Its clearly asked in the question that we have to undermine both.....hence there cannot be any compromise with undermining just one.
I think C undermines best as it says there was no export hence a potential foreign country market remains unexploited which leads to weakening in terms of economics.
Second Its clearly stated that even the new cars also cause pollution and hence there is no reason to think that these new cars which will be sold only in the home county will not spread pollution.
Hence i think option C finds a mid way pathway to weaken both. we must not forget an option need not weaken 100% .....
E IMO cannot be an option as it is specifically mentioned in the question that we have to weaken both the aims not just. We cannot rephrase the question as we like.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 16:16
Archit143 wrote:
Its clearly asked in the question that we have to undermine both.....hence there cannot be any compromise with undermining just one.
I think C undermines best as it says there was no export hence a potential foreign country market remains unexploited which leads to weakening in terms of economics.
Second Its clearly stated that even the new cars also cause pollution and hence there is no reason to think that these new cars which will be sold only in the home county will not spread pollution.
Hence i think option C finds a mid way pathway to weaken both. we must not forget an option need not weaken 100% .....
E IMO cannot be an option as it is specifically mentioned in the question that we have to weaken both the aims not just. We cannot rephrase the question as we like.

Dear Archit143,

Tell me what does the following mean?

It is not likely that both of the aims will be met.
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VP
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 17:04
SravnaTestPrep wrote:
Archit143 wrote:
Its clearly asked in the question that we have to undermine both.....hence there cannot be any compromise with undermining just one.
I think C undermines best as it says there was no export hence a potential foreign country market remains unexploited which leads to weakening in terms of economics.
Second Its clearly stated that even the new cars also cause pollution and hence there is no reason to think that these new cars which will be sold only in the home county will not spread pollution.
Hence i think option C finds a mid way pathway to weaken both. we must not forget an option need not weaken 100% .....
E IMO cannot be an option as it is specifically mentioned in the question that we have to weaken both the aims not just. We cannot rephrase the question as we like.

Dear Archit143,

Tell me what does the following mean?

It is not likely that both of the aims will be met.

Hi
Its clear enough "It is not likely that both of the aims will be met...".
Moreover the question asks to select an option that weaken both aims of the plan.....

Last edited by Archit143 on 25 Dec 2012, 17:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR: air pollutants [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 17:10
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Expert's post
lexis wrote:
Relax with easy CR question.

Automobile emissions are a significant source of air pollutants, and cars over five years old typically generate significantly greater amounts of pollutants than newer cars. In Torinia, which has recently built its first automobile manufacturing plant, most cars are over five years old. Aiming to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution, the government plans to introduce incentives for Torinians to scrap their old cars every five years and replace them with new ones.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the likelihood that the planned incentives, if implemented, will achieve both of the cited aims?

(A) Without the implementation of the planned incentives, most Torinians who own an old car would be unlikely to buy a new car.
(B) Torinia's automobile plant manufactures car models that typically generate smaller amounts of air pollutants than most similarly sized car models manufactured elsewhere.
(C) The new cars produced in Torinia are not likely to be exported to other countries.
(D) The largest source of atmospheric pollutants in Torinia is not automobile emissions, but emissions from power plants.
(E) The manufacture and the scrapping of cars each generate significant amounts of air pollutants.

The aims are to boost Torinia's economy and reduce air pollution.

In the question you will find the words undermines the likelihood that both of the aims will be met which means it is not likely that both of the aims will be met. In other it is likely that only one of the aims will be met.
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Re: CR: air pollutants   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2012, 17:10

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