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# CR: Chairman

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Manager
Joined: 03 Sep 2005
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09 Sep 2005, 19:38
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Can someone please explain why the answer is not E? I don't understand the OA (sorry to give it away so soon), it's C. The passage states "unbroken six-year record" so why would it need to be inferred that the corporation has expanded? Since no court of law in any state has found him guilty, doesn't that mean he's been acquitted numerous times? Or are we assuming that the chairman has never been convicted charged before?

We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

1.Which of the following is an assumption made in the argument above?

(A) The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
(B) A significant increase in the number of third-party candidates would be evidence of a decline in the importance of the two major parties.
(C) The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.
(D) The mass media tend to favor an independent or third-party candidate over a candidate from one of the two major parties.
(E) The mass media are relatively unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections.
If you have any questions
New!
Director
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10 Sep 2005, 02:30
B is my pick for this!
dude, i guess you have mixed the CR question with some other solution! Check up again!
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Cheers, Rahul.

Manager
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10 Sep 2005, 02:48
trulyblessed wrote:
Can someone please explain why the answer is not E? I don't understand the OA (sorry to give it away so soon), it's C. The passage states "unbroken six-year record" so why would it need to be inferred that the corporation has expanded? Since no court of law in any state has found him guilty, doesn't that mean he's been acquitted numerous times? Or are we assuming that the chairman has never been convicted charged before?

We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

1.Which of the following is an assumption made in the argument above?

(A) The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
(B) A significant increase in the number of third-party candidates would be evidence of a decline in the importance of the two major parties.
(C) The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.
(D) The mass media tend to favor an independent or third-party candidate over a candidate from one of the two major parties.
(E) The mass media are relatively unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections.

There is some error
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10 Sep 2005, 05:20
Hi,

I've posted this question before and the OA should be A. Please re-check your OA.
Senior Manager
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10 Sep 2005, 10:42
Are you sure the question doesn't ask, which of the following is not an assumption made? Because C is not an assumption made by the author, while A, B, D and E all seem to be.
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10 Sep 2005, 11:38
Okay, here's how you should work out the choices:

Diagramming:

1) we have heard a good deal in recent yrs about declining importance of 2 major parties
2) we are told it is the mass media that decide outcome of elections and not the power of the parties
3) but it is worth noting no independent or 3rd party candidate has won any impt election in recnet yrs
4) in last nationwide campaign, the 2 major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidate and platforms
5) it seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the 2 party system are premature at best <-- conclusion

The assumption is an unsated piece of evidence, without which, the conclusion will collaspe.

Let's evaluate each option.

(A) The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
- The conclusion states that reports of the demise of the 2 party system are premature as no one else has won it and in the last campaign, the 2 parties pumped in a lot of financial support. Now, this conclusion is valid only if the amount of money raised and spent by a political party is a valid criteria for juding the influence of the party (i.e. the power of the party)

(B) A significant increase in the number of third-party candidates would be evidence of a decline in the importance of the two major parties.
- How does this link to the conclusion that the 2 party system coming to an end is premature? It only supports that the 2 party system is indeed dying.

(C) The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.
- This is completely out of scope. Not once in the passage was the stability of the American political structure discussed.

(D) The mass media tend to favor an independent or third-party candidate over a candidate from one of the two major parties.
- This is not useful at all. This is only useful if the conclusion was "The mass media therefore contols the outcomes of election.

(E) The mass media are relatively unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections.
- This is not useful either. So what if the mass media is unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections? It still does not tell us why the prediction is wrong.

A is therefore the correct answer.
Manager
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10 Sep 2005, 14:38
Okay, I had posted the wrong question with the CR question asked. Sorry, it was 4am in the morning! =( I'll repost with the REAL question. Thanks so much!
10 Sep 2005, 14:38
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