CR-Industrial accidents : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# CR-Industrial accidents

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Manager
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25 Apr 2007, 09:16
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Guys,

Q19. Industrial accidents are more common when some of the people in safety-sensitive jobs have drinking problems than when none do. Since, even after treatment, people who have had drinking problems are somewhat more likely than other people to have drinking problems in the future, any employer trying to reduce the risk of accidents should bar anyone who has ever been treated for a drinking problem from holding a safety-sensitive job.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument above?

A. Some companies place employees who are being treated for drinking problems in residential programs and allow them several weeks of paid sick leave.
B. Many accidents in the workplace are the result of errors by employees who do not hold safety-sensitive jobs.
C. Workers who would permanently lose their jobs if they sought treatment for a drinking problem try instead to conceal their problem and continue working for as long as possible.
D. People who hold safety-sensitive jobs are subject to stresses that can exacerbate any personal problems they may have, including drinking problems.
E. Some industrial accidents are caused by equipment failure rather than by employee error.
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25 Apr 2007, 09:23
I will go for "D"

basically argument says X----->Y, whereas answer D says Y----->X. Hence weakens the argument.

what is OA?
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25 Apr 2007, 10:49
I like C
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25 Apr 2007, 11:51
Hmm, and I like B. If you make the "drinking-problem people" work in non-safety sensitive jobs, and if many accidents happen in non-safety sensitive jobs, then you didn't really address the problem completely

I don't like C because it says that workers, in fear of losing the jobs if they sought treatment for a drinking problem, conceal the problem. But we aren't talking about workers losing jobs anyway.

and not D because "exacerbate" seems to hint that the drinking problem is already there. So, D in fact supports the argument.
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25 Apr 2007, 18:04
dvtohir wrote:
Guys,

Q19. Industrial accidents are more common when some of the people in safety-sensitive jobs have drinking problems than when none do. Since, even after treatment, people who have had drinking problems are somewhat more likely than other people to have drinking problems in the future, any employer trying to reduce the risk of accidents should bar anyone who has ever been treated for a drinking problem from holding a safety-sensitive job.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument above?

A. Some companies place employees who are being treated for drinking problems in residential programs and allow them several weeks of paid sick leave.
B. Many accidents in the workplace are the result of errors by employees who do not hold safety-sensitive jobs.
C. Workers who would permanently lose their jobs if they sought treatment for a drinking problem try instead to conceal their problem and continue working for as long as possible.
D. People who hold safety-sensitive jobs are subject to stresses that can exacerbate any personal problems they may have, including drinking problems.
E. Some industrial accidents are caused by equipment failure rather than by employee error.

HereтАЩs how I interpret the stem:

Accidents are *more* common when *some* of the people in high-risk jobs have drinking problems. To reduce risk of accidents, employers should keep people with drinking problems away from high-risk jobs.

Things to consider:
To most effectively reduce risk, we should target those who cause the most accidents. The stem says that accidents are more common but doesnтАЩt say that high-risk people cause most of the accidents. Also, more common can be a little more or a lot more.

Why Choice B:
If many of the accidents are caused by employees who donтАЩt hold high-risk jobs, then eliminating those people with drinking problems from high-risk positions wonтАЩt really help reduce risk of accidents.

Why I didnтАЩt pick the following:
Choice A тАУ Irrelevant.
Choice C - The employer didnтАЩt say it would fire the people with drinking problem, but just switch them to low-risk jobs.
Choice D тАУ This supports the employerтАЩs argument to keep the drunks out of those high-risk jobs.
Choice E тАУ Only *some* accidents are caused by equipment failure, which means most are still caused by people (and possibly the people with drinking problem); this sort of supports the argument.
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25 Apr 2007, 18:34
one more vote for B.

Javed.

Cheers!
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25 Apr 2007, 18:49
dvtohir wrote:
Guys,

Q19. Industrial accidents are more common when some of the people in safety-sensitive jobs have drinking problems than when none do. Since, even after treatment, people who have had drinking problems are somewhat more likely than other people to have drinking problems in the future, any employer trying to reduce the risk of accidents should bar anyone who has ever been treated for a drinking problem from holding a safety-sensitive job.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument above?

A. Some companies place employees who are being treated for drinking problems in residential programs and allow them several weeks of paid sick leave.

Irrelevant.

B. Many accidents in the workplace are the result of errors by employees who do not hold safety-sensitive jobs.

Workplace is too broad. The stem talks about industrial accidents. Also, even if employees who don't hold safety-sensitive jobs cause accidents - this doesn't rule out that those who drink don't cause accidents and hence aren't a threat as described above. SO this doesn't STILL weaken the argument.

C. Workers who would permanently lose their jobs if they sought treatment for a drinking problem try instead to conceal their problem and continue working for as long as possible.

This does not weaken. It only says that the workers would conceal and
hence worksite accidents would continue

D. People who hold safety-sensitive jobs are subject to stresses that can exacerbate any personal problems they may have, including drinking problems.

CORRECT. This is right because this shifts the focus of accidents stemming from drinking problem in safety sensitive jobs alone to saying that SAFETY SENSITIVE Jobs by exacerbating problems are a cause of accidents. Hence this weakens the proposition alleging that it is people with drinking problems who cause accidents.

E. Some industrial accidents are caused by equipment failure rather than by employee error.

Sure they may be. But the drinking employees causing accidents still remain. Doesn't weaken

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25 Apr 2007, 18:52
I'm picking B.
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25 Apr 2007, 21:12
This is C

D is focusing on only a subset of people
any personal problems they may have

C says people (all) will hide the problem as a result increase the risk of accident
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26 Apr 2007, 01:00
AimHigher wrote:
This is C

D is focusing on only a subset of people
any personal problems they may have

C says people (all) will hide the problem as a result increase the risk of accident

Agree with AimHigher...I think D rather supports the argument...If the safety-sensitive jobs further worsen the problem of drinking people then it is better not to take them in the jobs.
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26 Apr 2007, 03:27
Guys,

Thank you all for your explanations.

By POE, my pick was B. But the Referenced (Not official ) key is C. I think C is correct because (as AimHigher saysтАж) it takes into consideration ALL the employees.
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26 Apr 2007, 07:58
C.
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27 Apr 2007, 01:14
umbdude wrote:
dvtohir wrote:
Guys,

Q19. Industrial accidents are more common when some of the people in safety-sensitive jobs have drinking problems than when none do. Since, even after treatment, people who have had drinking problems are somewhat more likely than other people to have drinking problems in the future, any employer trying to reduce the risk of accidents should bar anyone who has ever been treated for a drinking problem from holding a safety-sensitive job.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument above?

A. Some companies place employees who are being treated for drinking problems in residential programs and allow them several weeks of paid sick leave.
B. Many accidents in the workplace are the result of errors by employees who do not hold safety-sensitive jobs.
C. Workers who would permanently lose their jobs if they sought treatment for a drinking problem try instead to conceal their problem and continue working for as long as possible.
D. People who hold safety-sensitive jobs are subject to stresses that can exacerbate any personal problems they may have, including drinking problems.
E. Some industrial accidents are caused by equipment failure rather than by employee error.

HereтАЩs how I interpret the stem:

Accidents are *more* common when *some* of the people in high-risk jobs have drinking problems. To reduce risk of accidents, employers should keep people with drinking problems away from high-risk jobs.

Things to consider:
To most effectively reduce risk, we should target those who cause the most accidents. The stem says that accidents are more common but doesnтАЩt say that high-risk people cause most of the accidents. Also, more common can be a little more or a lot more.

Why Choice B:
If many of the accidents are caused by employees who donтАЩt hold high-risk jobs, then eliminating those people with drinking problems from high-risk positions wonтАЩt really help reduce risk of accidents.

Why I didnтАЩt pick the following:
Choice A тАУ Irrelevant.
Choice C - The employer didnтАЩt say it would fire the people with drinking problem, but just switch them to low-risk jobs.
Choice D тАУ This supports the employerтАЩs argument to keep the drunks out of those high-risk jobs.
Choice E тАУ Only *some* accidents are caused by equipment failure, which means most are still caused by people (and possibly the people with drinking problem); this sort of supports the argument.

I think it is not B, because "most" and "many" can have different meanings depending on the context. Here you are assuming that "many" means "most". Further, many is a relative term. For me 2 can be many. And for somebody else, many can be 2000 incidents.

what does "bar" in the statement means? Is it removing from jobs or shifting to low-risk jobs? I think it means removing from jobs. Hence, employees might hide information on their drinking habits. And suggested approach will not work. C is weakening the conclusion and is the answer.

D is strengthening the conclusion to a certain extent. When there is stress, people who received treatment for drinking problems will again turn to drinking. Hence, they should be barred.
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27 Apr 2007, 02:50

The claim is that by not hiring anyone who has or has had a drinking problem you will reduce accidents on the job.

For this to work you hae to have the ability to properly identify the alcoholics in the group.

If everyone knows that one loses their job if they admit to having a drinking problem, most logical employees will not treat their problem as it will lead to a loss of job.

Therefore the risk of injury actually rises, since there is no way to identify problem employees.
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27 Apr 2007, 12:06
I am thinking D''

Double D's.
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02 May 2007, 12:41
"bar" is not clear .. if it means banning from all jobs, B is the best answer, otherwise C.

What is the OA ?
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03 May 2007, 01:19
Seems like C.

B and D are equal in some sense. They both give an alternative source of accidents than alcoholic worker. So I would chose neither.
03 May 2007, 01:19
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