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CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of

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CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2016, 09:10
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Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of players in the league have become concerned with the number of flagrant fouls occurring during league games. This past season, the number of flagrant fouls was double the number from the season before. League officials plan to reduce the number of such fouls during the coming season by implementing mandatory suspensions for players who commit flagrant fouls. Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the officials’ plan will be effective?

A. Most serious injuries occurring during league games are a direct result of flagrant fouls.

B. League referees have been trained to recognize flagrant fouls and to report incidents involving such fouls.

C. Parents of players in the league are in support of mandatory suspensions for flagrant fouls.

D. A similar league suspends players for committing flagrant fouls; this league has a relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls when compared with the Youth Hockey League.

E. Most players in the league strive to be selected for the All-Star team, and league rules state that no player with a record of suspension shall be selected for the All-Star team.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2016, 17:23
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[quote="souvik101990"]Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of players in the league have become concerned with the number of flagrant fouls occurring during league games. This past season, the number of flagrant fouls was double the number from the season before. League officials plan to reduce the number of such fouls during the coming season by implementing mandatory suspensions for players who commit flagrant fouls. Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the officials’ plan will be effective?

A. Most serious injuries occurring during league games are a direct result of flagrant fouls. In my opinion,this is off totally..We are asked if the officials plan will be effective..This option does not give us any strong reason to believe that the plan will actually be effective..it talks about most serious injuries occurring during league games as a result of flagrant fouls..This is off.

B. League referees have been trained to recognize flagrant fouls and to report incidents involving such fouls.We are told that league officials here have been trained to recognize flagrant fouls and to report incidents involving such fouls..This is also off in my view as it does not give us any reason to believe that the plan will be effective

C. Parents of players in the league are in support of mandatory suspensions for flagrant fouls.Irrelevant to the problem of knowing whether the plan will be effective or not

D. A similar league suspends players for committing flagrant fouls; this league has a relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls when compared with the Youth Hockey League.This analogous assumption does not mean that the same plan will be effective here.Just because it happened in another league does not mean that the same result will also occur here

E. Most players in the league strive to be selected for the All-Star team, and league rules state that no player with a record of suspension shall be selected for the All-Star team.This is the correct answer..the threat of not making the all star team due to a record of suspension will act as a sufficient deterrent to players committing flagrant fouls..They have something to lose and thus will have that in the back of their mind that there is a cost for any record of suspension


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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2016, 02:43
IMO--E
What is OA..?

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2016, 11:10
souvik101990 wrote:
Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of players in the league have become concerned with the number of flagrant fouls occurring during league games. This past season, the number of flagrant fouls was double the number from the season before. League officials plan to reduce the number of such fouls during the coming season by implementing mandatory suspensions for players who commit flagrant fouls. Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the officials’ plan will be effective?

A. Most serious injuries occurring during league games are a direct result of flagrant fouls.

B. League referees have been trained to recognize flagrant fouls and to report incidents involving such fouls.

C. Parents of players in the league are in support of mandatory suspensions for flagrant fouls.

D. A similar league suspends players for committing flagrant fouls; this league has a relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls when compared with the Youth Hockey League.

E. Most players in the league strive to be selected for the All-Star team, and league rules state that no player with a record of suspension shall be selected for the All-Star team.


I fell for the trap. Question states 'best' evidence.

A B C are out for obvious reasons.
D is a good choice. But, the 'best' one is E.

Fouls are to be avoided by suspension rules.
D. Some other team does it and it 'has' lower fouls. It does not say that suspension caused it to lower the 'fouls'.
E. Suspension rules discourages fouls because, all star needs no records of suspension.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 09:19
E talks about most players and that could be 51% or 90%. This does not clearly says that the idea of suspension will work.

But when such activity happens in other team that is having similar fouls and suspensions have decreased the fouls will clarify whether idea of suspension will work.
It is also a weak contender whether successful idea that worked in some other team will work here, but there is almost all possibility that it works because it is related to similar foul, similar players and same game.

Need more clarity why E is better.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2017, 12:27
ok. now what if the referee is untrained and is unable to recognize a flagrant foul. then there wouldnt be a point in having the rule would it?

B makes sense because it fixes a potential loophole in the argument. Please advise on why it is wrong.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 05:00
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ok. now what if the referee is untrained and is unable to recognize a flagrant foul. then there wouldnt be a point in having the rule would it?

B makes sense because it fixes a potential loophole in the argument. Please advise on why it is wrong.


The argument is about whether the fouls will be made in the first place. If the rules are stringent as stated in option E, the fouls will not be made. It is of lesser importance whether the referee can identify whether the foul has been made or not - if the rule as stated in E is not there, identifying the foul would not help deter the number of fouls, and on the other hand if the rule is there, fouls will not be made. Thus the role of referee competence is less than the role of having such a rule in reducing the number of fouls.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 06:39
E is correct Answer. Explanation below


A. This option does not give us any strong reason to believe that the plan will actually be effective. It talks about most serious injuries occurring during league games as a result of flagrant fouls.

B. This is also off in my view as it does not give us any reason to believe that the plan will be effective

C. Parents of players in the league are in support of mandatory suspensions for flagrant fouls. Irrelevant to the problem of knowing whether the plan will be effective or not

D. Just because it happened in another league does not mean that the same result will also occur here

E. This is the correct answer. the threat of not making the all star team due to a record of suspension will act as a sufficient deterrent to players committing flagrant fouls. It will have that in the back of their mind that there is a cost for any record of suspension

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CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 07:03
I chose D and according to experts the reason why its not the answer is that established analogy can not be justified. But I came across a similar question and the unjustified analogy is OA i.e A . can anyone please help? Totally confused after this :(



Advocate: Millions of plastic shopping bags are discarded every day in the United States. Plastic bags present a problem for the environment because they do not readily decompose, but will remain intact for thousands of years. Policy makers agree that the best solution to the problem is to convince people to bring their own shopping bags so that they do not need disposable plastic bags. Therefore, the U.S. government should implement a tax on disposable plastic bags because this will have the desired effect of dramatically decreasing the number of plastic bags discarded each day in the United States.

Which of the following provides the strongest reason to believe that the plan to levy a tax on disposable plastic bags will be successful in greatly reducing the number of plastic bags being discarded?

(A) A similar tax in several European countries resulted in a 90% decrease in the number of plastic bags used by consumers each year.

(B) Current incentives, such as crediting customers 5 or 10 cents for each reusable bag, have resulted in only a small decrease in the number of plastic bags discarded.

(C) Some customers are very concerned about the environmental impacts of plastic bags and will bring reusable bags without any financial incentive.

(D) The bill has substantial support with the Congressional delegations of many states and with the current administration.

(E) The bill could be implemented and the tax collected using a very simple addition to the programming of electronic cash registers.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 07:06
I chose D and according to experts the reason why its not the answer is that established analogy can not be justified. But I came across a similar question and the unjustified analogy is OA i.e A . can anyone please help? Totally confused after this :(



Advocate: Millions of plastic shopping bags are discarded every day in the United States. Plastic bags present a problem for the environment because they do not readily decompose, but will remain intact for thousands of years. Policy makers agree that the best solution to the problem is to convince people to bring their own shopping bags so that they do not need disposable plastic bags. Therefore, the U.S. government should implement a tax on disposable plastic bags because this will have the desired effect of dramatically decreasing the number of plastic bags discarded each day in the United States.

Which of the following provides the strongest reason to believe that the plan to levy a tax on disposable plastic bags will be successful in greatly reducing the number of plastic bags being discarded?

(A) A similar tax in several European countries resulted in a 90% decrease in the number of plastic bags used by consumers each year.

(B) Current incentives, such as crediting customers 5 or 10 cents for each reusable bag, have resulted in only a small decrease in the number of plastic bags discarded.

(C) Some customers are very concerned about the environmental impacts of plastic bags and will bring reusable bags without any financial incentive.

(D) The bill has substantial support with the Congressional delegations of many states and with the current administration.

(E) The bill could be implemented and the tax collected using a very simple addition to the programming of electronic cash registers.

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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 00:47
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I chose D and according to experts the reason why its not the answer is that established analogy can not be justified. But I came across a similar question and the unjustified analogy is OA i.e A . can anyone please help? Totally confused after this :(

https://gmatclub.com/forum/advocate-mil ... .html?sd=d

There is a key difference between answer choice (D) in this question and answer choice (A) in the other thread:

Other question (correct answer):

Quote:
(A) A similar tax in several European countries resulted in a 90% decrease in the number of plastic bags used by consumers each year.

In the other question, choice (A) specifically states that the similar tax RESULTED IN a 90% decrease. In other words, the statement tells us that the tax CAUSED the decrease in the number of plastic bags.

This question (wrong answer):

Quote:
D. A similar league suspends players for committing flagrant fouls; this league has a relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls when compared with the Youth Hockey League.

However, in choice (D) of this question, we do not know that suspending players for committing flagrant fouls CAUSES the relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls. There could be a number of other reasons that the other league has a relatively low incidence of flagrant fouls.

In the hockey question, choice (D) might provide evidence that the officials’ plan will be effective, but choice (E) provides much stronger evidence. Since we are looking for the best evidence, (E) is a better answer.
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Re: CR Revision: Officials of the Youth Hockey League and parents of   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 00:47
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