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# CR: Stocks

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Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2004
Posts: 137

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22 Aug 2005, 07:02
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During the late eighties when mutual fund companies were rapidly expanding their share of the financial service industry, Kidder-Peabody Brokerage surveyed owners of stocks and asked them whether they would be more willing to buy individual securities or mutual fund. Seventy percent of those who responded said that they would prefer individual stocks. On the basis of this survey, Kidder-Peabody decided to continue brokering only individual stocks. Yet during the '90s, Kidder-Peabody lost even more of the market to the mutual fund companies.

Which one of the following, if it were determined to be true, would best explain this discrepancy?

(A) Only 10 percent of those who were polled replied.
(B) Cabot Brokerage which conducted a similar survey with similar results continued to broker only individual stocks and also lost more of their market to mutual fund companies.
(C) The surveyed clients who preferred individual stocks also preferred big homes.
(D) Kidder-Peabody determined that it would be more profitable to broker individual stocks.
(E) Eighty percent of the clients who wanted individual stocks and only 40 percent of the
clients who wanted mutual funds replied to the survey.
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Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2003
Posts: 147
Location: Kiev

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22 Aug 2005, 08:33
(E)

Thank you
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Too much is not enough...

Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2004
Posts: 137

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22 Aug 2005, 08:35
What is your reasoning for picking E?
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Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2003
Posts: 147
Location: Kiev

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22 Aug 2005, 09:17
I think (E) because if we take the results of the initial poll (70% individual securities and 30% mutual fund) it makes the impression that the majority of people wants to trade individual securities.

Information in (E), however, says that it was about 50-50 ration between those who wanted individual securities and those who voted for mutual fund

Here is calculation:

70+30=100

70=80% => ~ 88=100%
30=40% => 75=100%

So,
88 - individual securities
75 - mutual funds

...but maybe I am wrong
_________________

Too much is not enough...

Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2005
Posts: 214

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22 Aug 2005, 10:07
agree with E
E explains why there is difference between survey and reality
Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 178

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22 Aug 2005, 10:28
Hi Bono,

One question. According to your logic, it would still yield 88 individual securities to 75 mutual funds, meaning, the mutual funds are still less in number than that of individual securities.
Though the main para never talked about the percentage of penetration, I presume the safest option would be A coz if only 10% answered, then, any safe ratio can be assumed. Also, the above logic can be included. We can assume another situation where in the rest 90% who chose not to respond preferred Mutual Funds. This would mean that we could use the option A for explaining both an extreme situation like 10:90 (PS:MF) or a moderate 50:50 scenaio.
Anyways, I should accept that your approach to the question is classy.

Ravneet-
Can you plz give the OA/OE??

Thanks,
Krishna
Intern
Joined: 11 Aug 2005
Posts: 41
Location: North Carolina

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22 Aug 2005, 18:53
E for mee too
Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2003
Posts: 147
Location: Kiev

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23 Aug 2005, 00:22
Hi crisnas,

If we pick up (A) we are playing "what if" game.

What if 90% were those who preferred individual securities?
What if 90% were those who preferred mutual funds?

Every option has the same right for existence. Thus, is it difficult for us to say that (A) explain the paradox.

From (E), at least, we know that there was a rough balance in preferences. This gives us grounds to assume that it was unwise decision for Kidder-Peabody to concentrate only individual securities.
That may be the key why they were unsuccessful.

Anyway, OA is needed.

_________________

Too much is not enough...

Intern
Joined: 15 Jun 2005
Posts: 10

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23 Aug 2005, 01:42
The discrepancy occurred because the company based its results on the survey taken. Choice E explains that the survey had a higher number of clients interested in individual stocks. Hence, the survey results were biased towards the clients interested in individual stocks. Choice A tells us nothing about clients interested in individual stocks or mutual funds. The question stem talks about owners of stocks in general. Choice A refers to the poll in general without clearly stating a difference between clients interested in individual funds or mutual funds.

Cheers
Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2004
Posts: 137

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23 Aug 2005, 06:05
The OA is E!
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23 Aug 2005, 06:05
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