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CR - weaken the conclusion type

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Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2006
Posts: 4
CR - weaken the conclusion type [#permalink]

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12 May 2006, 00:10
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Can anyone tell what's the right answer here & why.........

A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of these people doing so intentionally and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people's intentions as relevant to punishment.

Which of the following if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

A) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.

B) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.

C) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.

D) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishments in a similar experiment

E) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories
Director
Joined: 24 Oct 2005
Posts: 659
Location: London

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12 May 2006, 01:55
I go with A.
The passage states that children do not regard people intentions as relevant. But according to A, the children could not understand the intentions. If they had understood, then definitely they would have judged according to that.
VP
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
Posts: 1118
Location: India

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12 May 2006, 02:02
Yes agree with A.
B and E are out of scope since we are not speaking of the severity of the harm but the intention of the harm.
D provides support to the conclusion.
and A is better than C.
Manager
Joined: 03 May 2006
Posts: 51

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12 May 2006, 04:40
I think E is correct anwer.

B,C,D are easily eliminated.

I feel A strengthens the Conclusion rather than weakening it.

Argument says children are inept in understanding stories
and which is very rightly refuted by E.

What is OA?
Director
Joined: 06 May 2006
Posts: 791

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12 May 2006, 09:46
Agree with A.

The question here is whether infants mete out punishments based on the intent. E supports the claim that they DON'T - it says that they decide the severity of the punishment based on the degree of harm caused. So it is actually E that is supporting the claim made in the paragraph.

B, C, D are out of the running.

A suggests that if the intent of the perpetrator is evident to the infants, then they may assign a punishment that fits the intent.
Manager
Joined: 02 Apr 2006
Posts: 93
Re: CR - weaken the conclusion type [#permalink]

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12 May 2006, 10:11
A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of these people doing so intentionally and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people's intentions as relevant to punishment.

Which of the following if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

A) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.

B) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.

C) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.

D) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishments in a similar experiment

E) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories

I feel like the answer is E....

As the conclusion is Younger children, then, do not regard people's intentions as relevant to punishment. , it will be doubtful if the fact is that the younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories as the answer E mentions..

What is OA? pls~
Director
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
Posts: 526
Location: US

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13 May 2006, 04:20
OA is A
Director
Joined: 16 Aug 2005
Posts: 938
Location: France

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13 May 2006, 10:23
I'll go with A as well because the children did not understand whether harm was caused intentionally or not from this statement. Hence we cannot conclude that they dont care how the harm was done when punishing the baddies
Intern
Joined: 10 Mar 2006
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15 May 2006, 20:03
OA is "A"
SVP
Joined: 30 Mar 2006
Posts: 1728

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17 May 2006, 01:43
The conclusion is "Younger children do not regard people's intentions as relevant to punishment". The premise given in support of the conclusion is that upon hearing stories in which people caused harm, children assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally.

To weaken the conclusion or to refute it, we need to show that the stories were not understood by the children
A does that by stating that a higher maturity was required to distnguish between intentional and unintentioanl.

The problem with E is that it just states what punishment the children assigned, depending on the severity of the harm. It doesnot address the intentions behind he harm
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2009
Posts: 265
Re: CR - weaken the conclusion type [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2012, 01:58
Straight A.

One may find these weakening/strengthening questions a little more obvious if one CONSTANTLY refers to the conclusion when caught between two or more seemingly plausible responses.

In this particular question, the right answer can be found by POE, since none of the other options does much to weaken the conclusion, which is centered on YOUNGER CHILDREN (not older children, whom some of the wrong choices are about) and PERCEPTION OF INTENTION TO CAUSE HARM (not severity of harm, which some of the wrong choices are about).

Only answer choice A is left standing, upon closer scrutiny/inspection.

Cheers,
Der alte Fritz.
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+1 Kudos me - I'm half Irish, half Prussian.

Re: CR - weaken the conclusion type   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2012, 01:58
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