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# Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke

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e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2458
Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 15:20
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Takdir wrote:
can anyone explain the change of meaning between BUT & WHILE ? I'm really confused here :/

Hello Takdir,

The word but is used to present a contrast. The word while is used to present either contrast or simultaneous action.

The official sentence in question intends to present the contrast. The World Bank and the the International Monetary Fund have struggled to meet the expectations of certain rich nations. But it has neglected those nations that were meant to be the beneficiary of these organizations.

However, use of while in Choices B and D seems to suggest simultaneous action. Usage of while seems to convey that the two organizations have struggled to meet the expectations of certain rich nations and neglected the intended beneficiaries at the same time. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Hence, to clearly present the contrast with no room for any ambiguity, use of but is appropriate in this official sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 15:28
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry
can any one please explain clearly the contrast in (A)?

Read the sentence very carefully. Right in the beginning, it presents the reason why the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were created.

So the real beneficiaries of these two organizations should be the developing countries. But that is not the case.

These two organizations have struggled to keep certain rich nations happy and neglected the real beneficiaries.

However, it should be the other way round.

The two organizations have struggled to do what they are not meant to do but have neglected the real beneficiaries.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 518
GMAT 1: 570 Q49 V19
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WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 12:11
(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected=> clear and concise answer

(B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of=> that ??

(C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of=>=> expectations cant be group

(D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of=> that??, and have had to => means a boundation to struggle??

(E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting=> expectations cant be group
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 09:57
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected
Correct

(B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
'That' for plural expectations is wrong

(C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of
"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nation" modifies major shareholders’ expectations ; incorrect

(D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
'That' for plural expectations is wrong

(E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting
"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nation" modifies major shareholders’ expectations ; incorrect
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Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 24
Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 03:29
[quote="Sash143"]Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected

(B) continually struggled as they tr
Option A perfect
Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 03:29

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