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# Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who

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Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2861
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2016, 10:53
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 180
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2017, 01:53
gmat1220 wrote:
Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.

Can you elaborate on where and how conditional reasoning is used in the stimulus? Also which are the markers?

Thank you.
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Joined: 06 Oct 2015
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2017, 11:33
Hi,
I am still unable to understand how the advantage to some individual can damage individuals and society at large.
VP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
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GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 13:42
C and D are out of scope.
Since the conclusion is about individual in modern era, A is out of scope.
B is much better than E b/c B fills in the gap between "Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good". AND "modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude"

furthermore, options contain "some" and those options normally are out of scope, but here, one of them is actually correct.
Manager
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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 09:02
vjsharma25 wrote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civicmindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

(A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.
(B) It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.
(C) Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.
(D) The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.
(E) Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

If someone can explain the reasoning behind choosing an answer choice,it will be good as I couldn't grasp the idea of the argument.

A is outside scope.
C is irrelevant because the argument is not about "better" societies, or comparing societies; it is just about a universal moral good.
D) The argument is not about aesthetic merit, rather it is about the effect of modern literatures stance on sympathetic attitudes concerning socially disconnected protagonists.
E) This is definitely inferred by the argument; however the QS asks about the arguments assumption, not inference.

B is proximate to the argument's conclusion because, just like the conclusion, B focuses on the good of the individual in relation to society as a whole. The arguments conclusion is that the attitude of modern literature is damaging to the individual and society; the opposite of damaging is advantage; therefore, the underlying assumption is that it is in the readers self interest to care about society, if they wish to avoid a pernicious attitude grounded in nihilistic sympathy often found in modern literature.
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2018, 09:02

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