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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 23:50
This is very tough question of assumption i have encountered can anyone please explain the logic on how to derive correct assumption?

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2016, 06:43
DevilDoggNC wrote:
It's useful to use the "negate" technique on tough assumption questions.

In the presence of modifiers like "some", "all", "none", "never" -- we should negate that modifier to take its logical opposite.

With the modified "assumption" -- the conclusion must fall apart if it is the correct answer choice.

Let us examine choice A:

Some (modify this) individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual

Modified A: No individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.

Ok..but the author's conclusion is valid. The author only claims that modern literature can damage individuals and society at large. So what if NO individuals in the earlier ears were more concerned about societal good than any modern individual? The author's conclusion is still valid.

Lets look at choice B:

It is to the advantage of some (modify) individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

Modified B: It is to the advantage of NO individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

From "negated" choice B -- we know that it makes no sense for any individual to contribute to society. If it makes no sense to contribute to society -->> modern literature's influence is inconsequential. And thus the author's argument falls apart. Choice B is correct.


Dear sir,
Will you please explain how you negated the option E .
Thanks
Teja

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2016, 09:09
vjsharma25 wrote:
gmat1220 wrote:
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.

Yes answer is B. But still m not able to get how come the advantage of some individuals comes into the picture?


I reasoned as follows: According to the critic "works of literature often present protagonists who advocate
detachment from society rather than civic mindedness. However, modern literature is distinguished from the previous literature, among other things, because it is sympathetic to such protagonists. And this treatment suggests to readers that they should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. And so, from here, the critic jumps to state/conclude (watch out the word "Thus") that modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large... So, modern literature by influencing some people to adopt an unconcerned attitude towards contributing to societal good can damage them. So if this attitude is changed (reversed) there will be an advantage, a benefit (or at least not a damage) as per the Critic's argument. If you are damaged this implies that you have a selfish/detached attitude if you're not selfish/detached then this implies that you are not damaged (by a potential wrong attitude). Hence, B.

I hope this helps!

Best,

EISP

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2016, 01:37
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vjsharma25 wrote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn
allegiance to their society and who advocate
detachment rather than civicmindedness. However,
modem literature is distinguished from the literature of
earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats
such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic
treatment of such characters suggests to readers that
one should be unconcerned about contributing to
societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage
individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as
damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which
the critic's argument relies?

(A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.
(B) It is to the advantage of some individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.
(C) Some individuals must believe that their society is
better than most before they can become
concerned with benefiting it.
(D) The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot
be judged in complete independence of their moral
effects.
(E) Modem literature is generally not as conducive
to societal good as was the literature of earlier
eras.

If someone can explain the reasoning behind choosing an answer choice,it will be good as I couldn't grasp the idea of the argument.


Lets break the argument :

Modern literature = sympathy for not - so - social
Conclusion : harmful for individuals.

The only way it will be harmful is if it was bad for not-so-social. If it was good for those people, then modern literature is encouraging good habits...
Clear B
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2016, 00:48
conclusion: modern literature damages individual and society at large.
premise: modern literature treats protagonost sympathetically
modern literature suggest that one should be unconcerned of societal good


hence b

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2016, 09:53
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button.

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 00:53
gmat1220 wrote:
Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight :-)

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.


Can you elaborate on where and how conditional reasoning is used in the stimulus? Also which are the markers?

Thank you.

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 10:33
Hi,
I am still unable to understand how the advantage to some individual can damage individuals and society at large.

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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 12:42
C and D are out of scope.
Since the conclusion is about individual in modern era, A is out of scope.
B is much better than E b/c B fills in the gap between "Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good". AND "modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude"

furthermore, options contain "some" and those options normally are out of scope, but here, one of them is actually correct.

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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2017, 12:42

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