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# Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who

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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 07:35
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

30% (03:01) correct 70% (02:05) wrong based on 1401 sessions

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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civicmindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

(A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.
(B) It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.
(C) Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.
(D) The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.
(E) Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
If someone can explain the reasoning behind choosing an answer choice,it will be good as I couldn't grasp the idea of the argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by vjsharma25 on 06 Apr 2011, 12:50, edited 2 times in total.
If you have any questions
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 08:06
Have tried my best . This is the paraphrase -

"The previous works of literature scorn the works of detachments towards the society. However modern literature seems to sympathasize with those nonchalant people. Hence modern literature promotes detrimental attitude of aloofness among the individuals."

A - This must be assumed. If this is not true then whether the literature is good or bad we may not able able to access the efficacy of the argument. The "few" good men of the previous era must be genuinely concerned about the societal good for the argument to be sane

B - may not necessarily be assumed. Whether the individual will have "advantage" has no bearing on the argument. The argument relies on how modern literature affects the individuals.

C - may not necessarily be assumed. Is very parochial and says nothing about how the modern literature will affects the individual

D - The aesthetic merit of the iliteray works is plain wrong and has no bearing on the argument.

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 09:37
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 09:52
gmat1220 wrote:
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.

Yes answer is B. But still m not able to get how come the advantage of some individuals comes into the picture?
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 10:01
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Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 11:38
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 12:34
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 12:37
vjsharma25 wrote:
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.

Excuse me I should have clarified. Can you please tell me which test number? The reason I ask is that I have never seen an LSAT critical reasoning question that only had 4 answer choices.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 12:45
sk818020 wrote:
vjsharma25 wrote:
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.

Excuse me I should have clarified. Can you please tell me which test number? The reason I ask is that I have never seen an LSAT critical reasoning question that only had 4 answer choices.

Edited the original post.Its from test number 46.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 02:21
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Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 02:49
gmat1220 wrote:
Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.

Thats insightful.Thanks for sharing your thoughts on this.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2011, 19:13
Interests of those individuals can be damaged is the point made.

B takes this into consideration.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2011, 06:26
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It's useful to use the "negate" technique on tough assumption questions.

In the presence of modifiers like "some", "all", "none", "never" -- we should negate that modifier to take its logical opposite.

With the modified "assumption" -- the conclusion must fall apart if it is the correct answer choice.

Let us examine choice A:

Some (modify this) individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual

Modified A: No individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.

Ok..but the author's conclusion is valid. The author only claims that modern literature can damage individuals and society at large. So what if NO individuals in the earlier ears were more concerned about societal good than any modern individual? The author's conclusion is still valid.

Lets look at choice B:

It is to the advantage of some (modify) individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

Modified B: It is to the advantage of NO individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

From "negated" choice B -- we know that it makes no sense for any individual to contribute to society. If it makes no sense to contribute to society -->> modern literature's influence is inconsequential. And thus the author's argument falls apart. Choice B is correct.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2011, 06:44
B for Me
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2011, 19:35
vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.

Thanks for the explanation.
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2011, 11:44
+ 1 for A
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2014, 21:31
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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2014, 05:56
Phew!Took approx.4 minutes before I noticed 'can damage individuals' at the last.On that basis alone chose B.
Because if being unconcerned with social good is damaging to individuals,the author must assume the opposite ie being concerned with social good to be true.
Is this reasoning incorrect?

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2014, 06:43
I pretty much arrived at the same answer with the same reasoning. And OA is B indeed. also others seem far away from being proper assumption.

AKG1593 wrote:
Phew!Took approx.4 minutes before I noticed 'can damage individuals' at the last.On that basis alone chose B.
Because if being unconcerned with social good is damaging to individuals,the author must assume the opposite ie being concerned with social good to be true.
Is this reasoning incorrect?

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 11:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2015, 11:40

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