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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which

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Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 01:38
Premise: For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption

Conclusion: The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Assumption: In a new millennium one should mantain "competence rather than corruption" system

Choices A,B,D are out of scope, E has no tie to conclusion which states about new millenium

only C fits the assumption
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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2015, 02:24
C
as we are concerned with maintaining competence rather than corruption in American government service so accessing the levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present would help evaluate if the Pendleton Act is still relevant today, as in the past
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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 02:13
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years - The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.
B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders -Irrelevant
C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present - Correct -This would confirm or deny the assumption that American
government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act-Irrelevant
E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act-This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.


Answer C
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 18:31
Can someone please help me in understanding that even when in argument they have mentioned about law coming after president James A. Garfield was assassinated why option D is not correct
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2017, 12:08
KARISHMA315 wrote:
Can someone please help me in understanding that even when in argument they have mentioned about law coming after president James A. Garfield was assassinated why option D is not correct


The main conclusion of the argument is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.
The Act was passed in 1883 - and had been a success for 100 years, because "this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption". So, there is a time line error here - what about the rate of corruption between 1983 and now. That is where C comes in to bridge this gap.
Though, the law was passed after the assassination of president James A. Garfield by some disappointed office-seeker, the assassination was no way linked with corruption, or in a way "no assassination" is not representative of "no corruption". So, eliminate D
Alternative, you can consider the extremes:
- many president were assassinated
- no president were assassinated.
in both the above cases, you can no way proceed with any inference on corruption/competence, because, as mentioned above, assassination is not representative of corruption, the decrease of which is the main purpose of the Pendleton Act. (similar reasoning for "competence")
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 May 2017, 17:34
Quote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

• The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for
the past one hundred years
• The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
• The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
• The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
• The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred
years of the Pendleton Act

Originally posted by Ali17 on 08 May 2017, 01:07.
Last edited by hazelnut on 09 May 2017, 17:34, edited 1 time in total.
Merged topic. Please search before posting.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 01:34
Premise: For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption.
Conclusion: The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

This system has enabled the American service based on competence rather than corruption and for this system to continue in the new millennium it would be useful to evaluate "The levels of competence and corruption in American government service upto the present"- To justify whether the system worked or not

IMO-C

Note: However I dont get the significance of 1950 in the answer choice, if anyone could elaborate on that
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 01:35
Ali17 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators,
was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this
system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to
preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be
most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
• The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for
the past one hundred years
• The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
• The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
• The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
• The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred
years of the Pendleton Act


I was confused between C & E. C's problem was time period. E's problem was "competence" missing. Can experts help in explaining C
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 01:48
Tan2017 wrote:
Premise: For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption.
Conclusion: The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

This system has enabled the American service based on competence rather than corruption and for this system to continue in the new millennium it would be useful to evaluate "The levels of competence and corruption in American government service upto the present"- To justify whether the system worked or not

IMO-C

Note: However I dont get the significance of 1950 in the answer choice, if anyone could elaborate on that



It is suggested in explanation that premise "due to Pendleton Act system is competence rather than corrupt" is justified if we can proof that system is working good from last few years and thus it can be continued unaltered as conclusion says.
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 17:42
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

(A) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

(B) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

(C) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

(E) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act


mynamegoeson From Manhattan (Jonathan Schneider)

The author states that the US Gov has been anchored to competence rather than corruption for 100 years, starting at 1883. This would bring us up to 1983. Although it is not known specifically when the speaker is talking, the speaker then mentions that maintaining the act will work in the "new millennium." Hence, the speaker is interested in the years from 2000 onward. As such, we need to know: has anything changed since 1983? Did competence levels decrease? Did corruption levels rise? Why did the speaker say that the act has helped for only 100 years? We are asked which would be the most helpful. C would be the most helpful because it would allow us to be sure that nothing has gone seriously amiss since 1983.
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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which   [#permalink] 09 May 2017, 17:42

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