It is currently 17 Nov 2017, 16:31

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2007
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 45 [3], given: 0

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2008, 07:30
3
KUDOS
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:06) correct 50% (00:58) wrong based on 260 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

(A) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

(B) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

(C) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

(E) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 09 May 2017, 17:32, edited 3 times in total.

Kudos [?]: 45 [3], given: 0

VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1436

Kudos [?]: 196 [0], given: 12

Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2008, 08:47
I'd go with C. We need to include the new millenium in our discussion to see whether it still holds now. Who cares what happened up until 1983!

Kudos [?]: 196 [0], given: 12

Manager
Joined: 19 Aug 2007
Posts: 202

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 0

Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2008, 16:12
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act

C, the system has worked up until now, but we dont know if it will be effective in the new millennium. Since this system was created based on a disappointed office seeker (aka the level of job satisfaction), the same condition must be evaluated for the new millennium.

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2007
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 45 [2], given: 0

Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Apr 2008, 07:41
2
KUDOS
And here is the explanation:

This argument concludes that the best way to have good governance in the future is to preserve the Pendleton Act. It bases that claim on the record of the first hundred years under that Act. The argument assumes that American government service is still uncorrupted and that no better way exists to preserve that state.

(A) The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.

(B) The opinions, wishes, and satisfaction levels of government applicants and employees are irrelevant to the level of corruption.

(C) CORRECT. This would confirm or deny the assumption that American government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated is utterly irrelevant to an argument about corruption in government service.

(E) This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.

Kudos [?]: 45 [2], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
Posts: 24

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2009, 12:10
i chose C

also the OA on other forums says its C...where did you get your OA from?

a) irrelevant
b) irrelevant
c) data for corruption until present provides good measure, which is what would 'preserve this state in the new millennium
d) president assassination was a trigger but not the main reason for this act, its to stop corruption
e) we know that for the first 100 years the system 'anchored american government to competence rather than corruption'

so to preserve what is already known in the first 100 years, we need to know what happened after those 100 years, which is data between 1950 and present (c)

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2009
Posts: 227

Kudos [?]: 300 [1], given: 25

Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2009, 11:12
1
KUDOS
C for me

E only mentions the %age of ppl convicted. The %age of convictions (high or low) does not give any indication of the competence levels (only conviction rates).

Ideally the evaluation should have been from 1883, but anyhow 1950 onwards still seeks to serve a purpose than no. of convictions.

Kudos [?]: 300 [1], given: 25

Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2006
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 3

Location: India
Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jun 2010, 08:09
I answered C. The reason for the same is:
A - out of context.
B - will not be a measure to evaluate the conclusion. It will not give sufficient data to measure the argument.
C - Correctly measures the relative data for corruption and competence. Hence the answer.
D - No way a measure to evaluate the conclusion
E - IMO this one along with C was close to be the answer. But this one does not in fact connect the relation b/w corruption and competence.
_________________

-------------------------------------

For English Grammar tips, consider visiting http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/index.html.

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 3

VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1438

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 13

Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jun 2010, 11:00
any reason why C mentions 1950? It's a bit confusing... other than that it is perfect choice assuming there is a way to "measure" corruption and competence which is one of the reasons I didnt choose C....and of course like always I am again wrong..duhh

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 13

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1471

Kudos [?]: 788 [0], given: 6

Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jun 2010, 14:31
"For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption." So the Pendleton Act should be maintained as it is.

Why the Act shoud be maintained?

May be because it helped Americant government to become more competent than corrupt. This can be known ony by comparing the levels of competence and corruption for a given period of time. (C) does that.

Even though I was not very convinced with E (because the pecentage from corruption in 100 years is not compared with the percentage from some other period) I picked it because "1950" in option (C) threw me off.

Kudos [?]: 788 [0], given: 6

Intern
Joined: 19 Mar 2010
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jun 2010, 10:12
I was confused b/w C and E. Finally i opted E as 1950 pissed me off. Other than this C looks better option.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 16 Feb 2011
Posts: 49

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 8

Location: United States (NY)
Schools: CBS '14 (A)
Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Mar 2011, 12:53
Hi Rohu27-

Answer choice C states "... government service between 1950 and the present"
So it's saying all data from 1950 to today.

Civil Service Act was passed in 1883
Arguement says "... For a hundred years, this system has anchored American..."

Knowing how the levels of competence and corruption in the US government have been in the last half of the 20th century would be of the most benefit in determining if Pendleton Act should be maintained in the new millenium.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 8

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 561

Kudos [?]: 709 [1], given: 80

Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2013, 12:00
1
KUDOS
New Gmat club project

_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Last edited by dentobizz on 22 Nov 2013, 11:32, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 709 [1], given: 80

Manager
Joined: 25 Oct 2013
Posts: 169

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 56

Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Feb 2014, 05:56
Agree with others, not sure why 1950 is mentioned. E for some reason felt better, but in hindsight C seems correct except for that 1950.
_________________

Click on Kudos if you liked the post!

Practice makes Perfect.

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 56

Current Student
Joined: 19 Jan 2013
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

Location: United Kingdom
Schools: LBS (A)
GMAT 1: 520 Q36 V26
GMAT 2: 630 Q42 V36
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Feb 2014, 11:30
A: The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years-out of context
B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders-low level of satisfaction does not mean person will become corrupt
C: The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present-best answer because it tracks corruption level over a period of time
D:The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act-out of context
E: The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act-question stem itself tells that "for a hundred year, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption"-therefore cant be answer

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

Intern
Joined: 12 Sep 2013
Posts: 10

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 May 2014, 13:01
The key thing I noted when I read the stimulus was the huge time gap. If the prediction about today is to hold true, something has to tie together the information from the past and the present, and show that there are similar conditions at play here. Choice C, while it doesn't cover the whole time period, does the most towards accomplishing my goal.

Choice A is irrelevant
Choice B is out of scope, but seems like it could be right because of the description of Garfield's assassin.
Choice D ---yeah, no
Choice E doesn't address current day. Also number of people convicted could be proof that the Act works because people are getting caught or doesn't because people are hired to begin with.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Manager
Status: Oh GMAT ! I give you one more shot :)
Joined: 14 Feb 2013
Posts: 92

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 18

Location: United States (MI)
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 580 Q44 V28
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2014, 14:05
C cannot be the correct answer. It is similar to the claim by most industrialists - "Since last 50 years of industrialization didn't result in all the ice-caps to melt, hence they will not melt in future"

The Act kept corruption levels down and competence levels up for the past 100 years, but that doesn't mean it's going to work in the future as well.
_________________

Life is a highway
I wanna ride it all night long

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 18

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4670

Kudos [?]: 17588 [0], given: 1986

Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2015, 21:20
Expert's post
11
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
_________________

Kudos [?]: 17588 [0], given: 1986

Manager
Joined: 23 Oct 2014
Posts: 103

Kudos [?]: 58 [2], given: 66

Concentration: Marketing
Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2015, 10:23
2
KUDOS
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

Essentially, we are concerned about maintaining the service to competence rather than corruption. The conclusion is that to maintain this state we must maintain the Pendleton Act.

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
Other governments are irrelevant to the American government. If the Pendleton Act is not broken, why fix it?

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
Job satisfaction is irrelevant. If the Pendleton Act anchors disgruntled office-seekers and office-holders then we are preserving this state.

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
The whole point of the Pendleton Act is to anchor American government service to competence than corruption. If competence is on the low and corruption is on the high then perhaps the Pendleton Act isn't working for us.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
This number could apply to anyone such as terrorists or crazies. The Pendleton Act only applies to those in government service. Because this statement is too general we remove it.

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
This could be a good contender but C shines more.

Kudos [?]: 58 [2], given: 66

Intern
Joined: 26 Aug 2014
Posts: 49

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V31
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2015, 07:27
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.
Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

The conclusion here states that the Pendleton Act will help to maintain competence rather than corruption in the American government. We need to find a premise which will help us to either agree with the conclusion or refute it.

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
--> Out of scope. We are not concerned about other governments

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
--> Job satisfaction does not relate to competence or corruption. Irrelevant

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
--> One major assumption the argument makes is that "Things don't change". They will be the same now as they were in the 1950s. This option addresses that assumption by comparing competence and corruption then to now.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
--> irrelevant. We are concerned about office workers/ office seekers

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
--> Does the percent of office holders being fired or convicted during the first 100 years help to assess competence and corruption of the office seekers now? It doesn't. So this option is incorrect.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 65

Current Student
Status: GMAT Date: 10/08/15
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 94

Kudos [?]: 41 [2], given: 62

Location: United States (MA)
Concentration: Human Resources, Strategy
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.5
WE: Human Resources (Consumer Products)
Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2015, 09:48
2
KUDOS
Hi,

After reading once, I narrowed down to E and C. Now the only reason I eliminated E is because it just mentions the evidence of corruption. NOT for Competence.

While in C - both are discussed.

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years Irrelevant

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present Perfect! This gives both the parameters we need to evaluate on as per the question stem.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
Only corruption degree is being measured - nothing about competence.

Hence C is the correct option
_________________

Thanks,
aimtoteach

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Please give Kudos if you find this post useful.

Kudos [?]: 41 [2], given: 62

Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2015, 09:48

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by