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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

(A) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

(B) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

(C) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

(E) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 09 May 2017, 17:32, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2008, 08:47
I'd go with C. We need to include the new millenium in our discussion to see whether it still holds now. Who cares what happened up until 1983!

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2008, 16:12
moni77 wrote:
The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.

Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?
a) The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
b) The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
c) The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
d) The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
e) The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act


C, the system has worked up until now, but we dont know if it will be effective in the new millennium. Since this system was created based on a disappointed office seeker (aka the level of job satisfaction), the same condition must be evaluated for the new millennium.

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which [#permalink]

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And here is the explanation:

This argument concludes that the best way to have good governance in the future is to preserve the Pendleton Act. It bases that claim on the record of the first hundred years under that Act. The argument assumes that American government service is still uncorrupted and that no better way exists to preserve that state.

(A) The methods used by other governments in other countries are irrelevant to this argument, which only concerns America. Furthermore, one cannot assume that the Swiss and British governments are free of corruption.

(B) The opinions, wishes, and satisfaction levels of government applicants and employees are irrelevant to the level of corruption.

(C) CORRECT. This would confirm or deny the assumption that American government service is currently not corrupt. The argument only claims that this was so for the first hundred years after the passage of the Pendleton Act. There is no information about the level of corruption for the past twenty-some years.

(D) The number of Presidents assassinated is utterly irrelevant to an argument about corruption in government service.

(E) This percentage of corrupt office-holders in the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act would provide no information about the level of corruption in government service for the past twenty years, which is the gap in the evidence. Thus, investigating this percentage would not be that useful for the evaluation of a conclusion that involves the immediate present and the future.

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Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2009, 12:10
i chose C

also the OA on other forums says its C...where did you get your OA from?

a) irrelevant
b) irrelevant
c) data for corruption until present provides good measure, which is what would 'preserve this state in the new millennium
d) president assassination was a trigger but not the main reason for this act, its to stop corruption
e) we know that for the first 100 years the system 'anchored american government to competence rather than corruption'

so to preserve what is already known in the first 100 years, we need to know what happened after those 100 years, which is data between 1950 and present (c)

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Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

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C for me

E only mentions the %age of ppl convicted. The %age of convictions (high or low) does not give any indication of the competence levels (only conviction rates).

Ideally the evaluation should have been from 1883, but anyhow 1950 onwards still seeks to serve a purpose than no. of convictions.

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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2010, 08:09
I answered C. The reason for the same is:
A - out of context.
B - will not be a measure to evaluate the conclusion. It will not give sufficient data to measure the argument.
C - Correctly measures the relative data for corruption and competence. Hence the answer.
D - No way a measure to evaluate the conclusion
E - IMO this one along with C was close to be the answer. But this one does not in fact connect the relation b/w corruption and competence.
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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2010, 11:00
any reason why C mentions 1950? It's a bit confusing... other than that it is perfect choice assuming there is a way to "measure" corruption and competence which is one of the reasons I didnt choose C....and of course like always I am again wrong..duhh

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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2010, 14:31
"For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption." So the Pendleton Act should be maintained as it is.

Why the Act shoud be maintained?

May be because it helped Americant government to become more competent than corrupt. This can be known ony by comparing the levels of competence and corruption for a given period of time. (C) does that.

Even though I was not very convinced with E (because the pecentage from corruption in 100 years is not compared with the percentage from some other period) I picked it because "1950" in option (C) threw me off.

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Re: MGMAT CR: Pendleton Act [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 10:12
I was confused b/w C and E. Finally i opted E as 1950 pissed me off. Other than this C looks better option.

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Re: CR - Pendleton act [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2011, 12:53
Hi Rohu27-

Answer choice C states "... government service between 1950 and the present"
So it's saying all data from 1950 to today.

Civil Service Act was passed in 1883
Arguement says "... For a hundred years, this system has anchored American..."

Knowing how the levels of competence and corruption in the US government have been in the last half of the 20th century would be of the most benefit in determining if Pendleton Act should be maintained in the new millenium.

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2014, 05:56
Agree with others, not sure why 1950 is mentioned. E for some reason felt better, but in hindsight C seems correct except for that 1950.
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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2014, 11:30
A: The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years-out of context
B: The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders-low level of satisfaction does not mean person will become corrupt
C: The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present-best answer because it tracks corruption level over a period of time
D:The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act-out of context
E: The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act-question stem itself tells that "for a hundred year, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption"-therefore cant be answer

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2014, 13:01
The key thing I noted when I read the stimulus was the huge time gap. If the prediction about today is to hold true, something has to tie together the information from the past and the present, and show that there are similar conditions at play here. Choice C, while it doesn't cover the whole time period, does the most towards accomplishing my goal.

Choice A is irrelevant
Choice B is out of scope, but seems like it could be right because of the description of Garfield's assassin.
Choice D ---yeah, no
Choice E doesn't address current day. Also number of people convicted could be proof that the Act works because people are getting caught or doesn't because people are hired to begin with.

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Re: The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2014, 14:05
C cannot be the correct answer. It is similar to the claim by most industrialists - "Since last 50 years of industrialization didn't result in all the ice-caps to melt, hence they will not melt in future"

The Act kept corruption levels down and competence levels up for the past 100 years, but that doesn't mean it's going to work in the future as well.
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Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

Essentially, we are concerned about maintaining the service to competence rather than corruption. The conclusion is that to maintain this state we must maintain the Pendleton Act.

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
Other governments are irrelevant to the American government. If the Pendleton Act is not broken, why fix it?

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
Job satisfaction is irrelevant. If the Pendleton Act anchors disgruntled office-seekers and office-holders then we are preserving this state.

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
The whole point of the Pendleton Act is to anchor American government service to competence than corruption. If competence is on the low and corruption is on the high then perhaps the Pendleton Act isn't working for us.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
This number could apply to anyone such as terrorists or crazies. The Pendleton Act only applies to those in government service. Because this statement is too general we remove it.

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
This could be a good contender but C shines more.

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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is.
Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

The conclusion here states that the Pendleton Act will help to maintain competence rather than corruption in the American government. We need to find a premise which will help us to either agree with the conclusion or refute it.

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years
--> Out of scope. We are not concerned about other governments

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders
--> Job satisfaction does not relate to competence or corruption. Irrelevant

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present
--> One major assumption the argument makes is that "Things don't change". They will be the same now as they were in the 1950s. This option addresses that assumption by comparing competence and corruption then to now.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
--> irrelevant. We are concerned about office workers/ office seekers

E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
--> Does the percent of office holders being fired or convicted during the first 100 years help to assess competence and corruption of the office seekers now? It doesn't. So this option is incorrect.

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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883 [#permalink]

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Hi,

After reading once, I narrowed down to E and C. Now the only reason I eliminated E is because it just mentions the evidence of corruption. NOT for Competence.

While in C - both are discussed.

The Civil Service Act of 1883, also known as the Pendleton Act, which created a professional corps of administrators, was passed after a disappointed office-seeker assassinated President James A. Garfield. For a hundred years, this system has anchored American government service to competence rather than corruption. The best way to preserve this state in the new millennium is to maintain the Pendleton Act as it is. Which of the following would be most useful to evaluate the argument’s conclusion?

A. The methods that the Swiss and British governments have used to prevent corruption in government service for the past one hundred years Irrelevant

B. The current level of job satisfaction among government office-seekers and office-holders

C. The levels of competence and corruption in American government service between 1950 and the present Perfect! This gives both the parameters we need to evaluate on as per the question stem.

D. The number of Presidents assassinated since the passage of the Pendleton Act
E. The percentage of office-holders fired or convicted on charges stemming from corruption during the first hundred years of the Pendleton Act
Only corruption degree is being measured - nothing about competence.

Hence C is the correct option
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Re: Evaluate Revision: The Civil Service Act of 1883   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2015, 09:48

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