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# QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted

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Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 212
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
GPA: 3.54
Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 00:25
Skywalker18 wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they - Parallelism issue - we need that after and
D. that if recognized and applied, students - illogical meaning - it suggests that that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they - correct

Answer E

Hi Skywalker18,
I have a query with option E- don't you think that they is redundant here. The structure could be- if students recognize and apply these skills, will become ....

option E- that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
Manager
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2017, 21:10
We can eliminate A,B and C for parallelism issues; we need THAT. Now we are left with D and E.

D has two issues: meaning and tense. 'that if recognized and applied, students' is referring to students instead of skills, the intended meaning. In addition, we cannot mix past tense and future tense in one sentence; recognized, applied and will become.

E, by POE.
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Joined: 30 May 2017
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2017, 06:35
GMATNinja wrote:
I always like to start with the most straightforward, mechanical stuff -- and in this case, the word "and" jumps off the page at me. Looks like a nice parallelism issue.

Quote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize...

So here we have the first assumption, written in a "that + clause" format. Great, so we'll need a similar format -- "that + clause" -- after the "and" to complete the parallel structure.

Quote:
A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they

Unlike (D) and (E), none of these three options begin with "that + clause", so we can eliminate (A), (B), and (C). Plus, (A) is illogical: it seems to be telling us that the students are recognized and applied.

And for whatever it's worth, I'm not crazy about the pronouns in (C), either: "them" and "they" are right next to each other, but refer to different antecedents. That's not the end of the world, but it's not ideal.

On to (D) and (E):

Quote:
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

(D) has exactly the same meaning issue as (A): if we think about (D) strictly and literally, it seems to be saying that students are "recognized and applied", and that doesn't make sense.

So I hope you like (E)! The parallelism is solid, and (E) also fixes the pronoun issue that we saw in (C): "them" has been replaced with "these skills", and that makes the sentence a little bit cleaner.

Hi..I studied a rule regarding the conditional statements which I applied to choose E as the correct answer .The rule is
if present tense in the if clause ,then only simple present(for a habit) or simple future(will or may depending upon the certainity in context) can be used in the then clause.
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Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 23:28
there is nothing wrong with the phrase "recognized and applied" itself. In fact, there is a similar question, and D is the question. The problem here is the phrase wrongly modifies the subject students. In this question, the phrase does not indicate a conditional sentence.

Also, "if recognized and applied" sounds like passive voice -> gmat does not like passive voice.
Re: QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted &nbs [#permalink] 05 Jun 2018, 23:28

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# QOTD: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted

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