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# Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two

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Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 05:55
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Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by souvik101990 on 01 May 2017, 08:12, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 06:02
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Edit: This discussion has retired. Find the new thread HERE

prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Went for E. I think the line misplaced...it should start from "if" not "and"...
parallel structure. ": that there are ~, and that ~" So, A, B, and C is out. In D, "if recognized and applied..." it's passive voice, not appropriate for the subject of "students".

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 07:59
1
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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Construction needs "that" for parallelism.
so between D & E.

"that if recognized" in D seems ambiguous.
I will go with "E" (though I don't like "they" in E)

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 08:14
1
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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

E

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that X that Y

X-there are clearly identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately
Y-if students recognize and apply these skills, they

I wonder if we need an "and" between X and Y?

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 08:43
I am going with E..it seems parallel..predicated on 2 assumptions that blah blah, THAT, blah...

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 12:09
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why is E better than B?
B also has the || that that...
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 16:58
Can you plz tell the OA
I am stuck between D and E
and I went with D
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 17:22
E for me as well. E maintains ||ism by using THAT and it clearly mentions that students are going to recognize and apply.
In D, "if applied" clause seems to be ambiguous.

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 22:39
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Hi everybody,

The original sentence contains two errors:I) Parallelism & II) modifier.

I) Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and (That required) if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

II) Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers. - implies students are recognized and applied.

B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students - out due to error I
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they- out due to error I
D. that if recognized and applied, students - out due to error II
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Correct option - E

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 12:07
I dont like 'they' in E as 'they' can apply to 'skills' and 'students'

Hence D.

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 02:44
seekmba wrote:
I dont like 'they' in E as 'they' can apply to 'skills' and 'students'

Hence D.

The sentence is checking the conditional tense with the form of a condition.

Since the condition is stated , hence both the IF and THAN clause should be in simple present.

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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05 May 2013, 05:13
I know this is in theory a GMAT official source, but is the question wrong?

"critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions:" should be... "predicated"

Concepts are predicated on assumptions, and predicted by things.

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 00:12
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 21:06
my opinion D. Please post OA. Very nice question, indeed.

prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2015, 04:13
Hi Guys, plz explain it to me.

In E, why 'they' can't refer to skills?

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 22:13
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THEY doesn't refer SKILLS. THEY refers STUDENTS. Its a speciality of IF..THEN construction.
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2015, 04:56
My understanding of pronouns in then clause of "If then construction" is: the pronoun always refer to the subject of if clause. In this case, subject is "students" so "they" refers to "students".

Is it correct?
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2016, 10:27
1
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prasannar wrote:
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

To have parallel structure, we need 'that' A, B C are out
'If recognized and applied' incorrectly modifies 'students'

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 22:57
Hi Experts/ chetan2u,

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

the correct sentence is-
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and that if students recognize and apply these skills, they will become more effective
thinkers.
Analysis 1

If we are paralleling with "THAT" which is highlighted in non underlined portion. Then it means quite illogical.

_____________________________________________________________
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions:

1) that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately
2) that if students recognize and apply these skills,

they will become more effective
thinkers.
_____________________________________________________________

If we look at 2nd part of the assumptions we have "these skills". but sentence prior to it.
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that if students recognize and apply these skills,
they will become more effective
thinkers.

We have nothing to refer to "these skills"

________________________________________________________________________

Analysis 2

I hope we must be trying to make it parallel with 2nd "That"

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and that if students recognize and apply these skills, they will become more effective
thinkers.

Now the sentence means-

Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills

1) that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and
2) that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

will become more effective
thinkers.

Thanks
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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 14:55
Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two assumptions: that there are clearly
identifiable thinking skills that students can be taught to recognize and apply
appropriately, and if recognized and applied, students will become more effective
thinkers.

A. if recognized and applied, students
B. if these skills are recognized and applied, that students
C. if students recognize and apply them, that they
D. that if recognized and applied, students
E. that if students recognize and apply these skills, they

Here is how I solved

Testing:
1) Parallelism
2)structure

Step 1) Identify what needs to be parallel. We have two ideas so we need THAT x and THAT Y --> eliminate A/B/C

Step 2) If, Then construction is fine

Step 3) Notice in D -> recognized and applied --> What is recognized and applied? The students? Eliminate D

Arrive at E

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Re: Critical-thinking instruction is predicted on two   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2016, 14:55

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