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# Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of

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07 Feb 2011, 14:22
yea - same problem for me...
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07 Feb 2011, 14:57
I've actually never come across a roman numeral question on a CR question yet until today.

I chose D because statement III is irrelevant. We want something to strengthen the author's claim that consumers are affected in a negative way and through high costs and taxes.

Let's cross of C and E.

Now we have A, B, D.
Statement I and II both make sense and support the author's conclusion so D is the correct answer.
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I'm trying to not just answer the problem but to explain how I came up with my answer. If I am incorrect or you have a better method please PM me your thoughts. Thanks!

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07 Feb 2011, 17:49
Clearly, D is the right answer.

Some people have asked why II results in "millions of dollars".

On the GMAT CR, it helps if you really focus on the main scheme or idea.

This question is actually simple, because the central theme of the question stem (i.e. central assumption of the question stem) is just one:

"Government policy of financial aids to the farmers hurts the consumers financially."

So, if "for each dollar the farmers receive, the consumers need to pay 4 dollars", it is REASONABLE to infer that these 4 dollars accumulate into millions of the taxes these consumers need to pay to assist the farmers.

The reasonability of inference depends on the context. It's similar in everyday conversations. Let's assume that we are talking about the VAT in say, France (VAT = 15%). Then, if I say that "for every euro I spend, the government gets 15 cents.", it is totally reasonable to infer that the French government gets not only my 15 cents but also millions (if not billions) Euro from VAT, others pay.

Hope this helps to clarify the question some of you had.
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07 Feb 2011, 20:39
I have gone for D, but I could not understand how option 1 is relevent. Can someone explain the option one?

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08 Feb 2011, 01:20
almostfamous thanks.
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08 Feb 2011, 05:07
Crazy question. I thought only I made sense. But OA is D.

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16 Feb 2011, 20:18
D for me.

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17 Feb 2011, 10:25
+1 D
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17 Feb 2011, 14:45
The issue I'm having with 2 is that the argument doesn't say that the benefit is coming from the government. It just says some arbitrary benifit. Why are we to assume that benefit is afforded by the government? The stimulus doens't tell us to.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2012, 06:29
Statement 3 is out of context for this discussion.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2012, 06:47
I think the first statement was pretty clear.
The problem I had was with the second statement:
So, if "for each dollar the farmers receive, the consumers need to pay 4 dollars". I think this strengthens the argument that the consumers are getting penalized by institutions. I mean without going deeper into why if we just use this fact as a part of the argument, it definitely STRENGTHENS the argument. Consumers are paying dollars while farmers are benefiting.

Therefore, 1 and 2 are correct.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 21:23
ritula wrote:
Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of consumers. It increases food prices for middle- and low-income families and costs the taxpayer billions of dollars a year.

Which of the following statements, if true, would provide support for the author’s claims above?

I. Farm subsidies amount to roughly \$20 billion a year in federal payouts and \$12 billion more in higher food prices.
II. According to a study by the Department of Agriculture, each \$1 of benefits provided to farmers for ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers \$4.
III. The average full-time farmers have an average net worth of over \$300,000.

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) I, II, and III

Hi,

I too believe that II option is little ambiguous, since we can't deduce that money involved is in billions.

I will go with (A)

Regards,

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07 Apr 2013, 12:52
MrFriendship wrote:
can you please post the source of this question? i don't see anything in statement 2 that supports costing the taxpayer billions of dollars per year.

I have the exact same question.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 07:43
My attempt at explaining D:

- Identify the type of question: Strengthen
- Most, if not all Strengthen questions require the test taker to strengthen the Conclusion
- Identify the Conclusion: "Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of consumers."
- Therefore, any answer choice that lends support to this conclusion is a Strengthener

I. This is the easiest answer choice - clearly consumers are penalized by higher food prices. This answer provides cold, hard numbers (i.e., \$12 bn). YES

II. This is the trickiest answer choice - the test maker tries to throw you off by shifting your focus away from the conclusion and onto the premise. This is why for CR questions, identifying and separating the conclusion and premise (in addition to subsidiary conclusion and counter-premise) is so important. The trick is to not fall into the trap of trying to strengthen the premise (i.e., the second sentence of the stimulus). At the end of the day, you are trying to prove the conclusion that [general] farm policy hurts consumers. Regardless of whether this answer choice pertains to food prices, this answer choice gives readers more reason to believe the conclusion. YES

III. Also pretty easy to get rid of this answer - a farmer's net worth has nothing to do with whether farm policy penalizes consumers. The focus of the conclusion is on consumers, not farmers. NO

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28 Dec 2013, 14:34
deepakdewani wrote:
Quote:
What's the source of this question?

consider the second given statement :

According to a study by the Department of Agriculture, each \$1 of benefits provided to farmers for ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers \$4.

How would one deduce a multiple of billion for the costs? this statement only talks about the proportions.
ritula wrote:
OA is D. thanks Technext for the explanation

What's the source of this question?

consider the second given statement :

According to a study by the Department of Agriculture, each \$1 of benefits provided to farmers for ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers \$4.

How would one deduce a multiple of billion for the costs? this statement only talks about the proportions.

I second that....the logic behind II being a supporting statement is not convincing.

Guys this question is seriously flawed and I second that

Should be I only

Cheers!
J

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2013, 01:21
simple one..... its D.......

ONLY III is irrelevant as it does not affect thae argument.... and its reasoning for increased consumer cost or waste or taxpayers money of both...

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2014, 17:14
IMO A

Here's another vote for I. It is true for strengthen questions that any claim that supports the main claim works and that any claim that weakens or is neutral does not. In this case, the second claim is neutral. The range of the subsidy could be anywhere from \$1 dollar to \$100M dollars. Indeed if the subsidy were \$100M, then this amount would certainly support the conclusion that the subsidy costs taxpayers millions of dollars. However, what if the tax subsidy was for \$100 or even \$1? It's not safe to assume the aggregate; you'll get burned on other questions for that. Besides, the GMAT is written so that no "outside" knowledge, industry expertise, is needed. Several study aids have commented on that, including the GMAT-makers themselves. Since the possibilities are wide ranging, only the first supports the main claim.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2015, 23:44
Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of consumers. It increases food prices for middle- and low-income families and costs the taxpayer billions of dollars a year.

Which of the following statements, if true, would provide support for the author’s claims above?
*Current farm policy increases food costs for middle and low income families and penalizes taxpayers.
I. Farm subsidies amount to roughly \$20 billion a year in federal payouts and \$12 billion more in higher food prices. *Supports food increase claim
II. According to a study by the Department of Agriculture, each \$1 of benefits provided to farmers for ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers \$4.*Supports penalization of taxpayers (Ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers)
III. The average full-time farmers have an average net worth of over \$300,000. *Their net worth doesn't affect consumers or taxpayers.

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) I, II, and III
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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2015, 18:52
I highly doubt that this is a valid gmat CR question.
Moreover, it is very ambiguous, as the fact that something can lead to smth else does not mean that it really is. What if the farmers are not given anything to process their crops into ethanol?
What if by processing the ethanol, the price per gallon of gas decreases by 5\$? This clearly does not affect much the taxpayers who have cars.

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Re: Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2015, 18:52

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