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# Currently, the city of Grimchester is liable for any injury

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Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Aug 2005
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Currently, the city of Grimchester is liable for any injury [#permalink]

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21 May 2006, 12:44
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Currently, the city of Grimchester is liable for any injury incurred because of a city sidewalk in need of repair or maintenance. However, Grimchesterâ€™s sidewalks are so extensive that it is impossible to hire enough employees to locate and eliminate every potential danger in its sidewalks. Governments should be liable for injuries incurred on public property only if they knew about the danger beforehand and negligently failed to eliminate it.
Which one of the following describes an injury for which the city of Grimchester is now liable, but should not be according to the principle cited above?
(A) A person is injured after tripping on a badly uneven city sidewalk, and the city administration had been repeatedly informed of the need to repair the sidewalk for several years.
(B) A person is injured after tripping over a shopping bag that someone had left lying in the middle of the sidewalk.
(C) A person is injured after stepping in a large hole in a city sidewalk, and the city administration had first learned of the need to repair that sidewalk minutes before.
(D) A person who is heavily intoxicated is injured after falling on a perfectly even city sidewalk with no visible defects.
(E) A person riding a bicycle on a city sidewalk is injured after swerving to avoid a pedestrian who had walked in front of the bicycle without looking.

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Director
Joined: 16 Aug 2005
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21 May 2006, 12:58
I'll go with D as it doesn't involve a third party (pedastrian) or thing (shopping bag)

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Director
Joined: 24 Oct 2005
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21 May 2006, 14:31
Go with C.
The sidewalk had a hole. It was the government's fault. But since they knew of it only then, they did not have to compensate the person who fell down.

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Manager
Joined: 29 Apr 2006
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21 May 2006, 16:28
I also think it is C.

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VP
Joined: 29 Dec 2005
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21 May 2006, 18:48
remgeo wrote:
Go with C.
The sidewalk had a hole. It was the government's fault. But since they knew of it only then, they did not have to compensate the person who fell down.

goodjob remgeo... C too..

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Senior Manager
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21 May 2006, 19:33
yes it is C

OA C

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SVP
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22 May 2006, 02:15
gmatmba wrote:
I'll go with D as it doesn't involve a third party (pedastrian) or thing (shopping bag)

C for me..... The problem with D is that the street has no defects and according to the princple stated in the first line the city is not liable for that injury.

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Manager
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22 May 2006, 09:21
old_dream_1976 wrote:
Currently, the city of Grimchester is liable for any injury incurred because of a city sidewalk in need of repair or maintenance. However, Grimchesterâ€™s sidewalks are so extensive that it is impossible to hire enough employees to locate and eliminate every potential danger in its sidewalks. Governments should be liable for injuries incurred on public property only if they knew about the danger beforehand and negligently failed to eliminate it.
Which one of the following describes an injury for which the city of Grimchester is now liable, but should not be according to the principle cited above?
(A) A person is injured after tripping on a badly uneven city sidewalk, and the city administration had been repeatedly informed of the need to repair the sidewalk for several years.
(B) A person is injured after tripping over a shopping bag that someone had left lying in the middle of the sidewalk.
(C) A person is injured after stepping in a large hole in a city sidewalk, and the city administration had first learned of the need to repair that sidewalk minutes before.
(D) A person who is heavily intoxicated is injured after falling on a perfectly even city sidewalk with no visible defects.
(E) A person riding a bicycle on a city sidewalk is injured after swerving to avoid a pedestrian who had walked in front of the bicycle without looking.

"C"

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Intern
Joined: 01 Feb 2006
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22 May 2006, 15:51
The passage sets up a rule for city liability:
"the city of Grimchester is liable for any injury incurred because of a city sidewalk in need of repair or maintenance."

Does the answer show a sidewalk in need of repair or maintenance as cause of problem?

(A) - yes, sidewalk in need of repair
(B) - no, shopping bag not sidewalk
(C) - yes, hole in sidewalk
(D) - no, sidewalk with no defects
(E) - no, pedestrian not sidewalk

therefore, we can eliminate B, D, and E.

We also know from the passage that our answer must show the govt was NOT negligent, or NOT at fault.

Do A and C pass this test?

(A) - no, govt. repeatedly informed over several years.
(C) - yes, govt. is not at fault, only knew of problem for minutes.

eliminate (A), choose (C) as only answer to satisfy both conditions.

--Matt

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22 May 2006, 15:51
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