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# Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution;

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273
Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; [#permalink]

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05 May 2007, 07:31
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233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2007
Posts: 329

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05 May 2007, 07:48
233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
lie (lay) is correct. Clear and best answer
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
'of his proposing' is wordy
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
lay (laid) has wrong meaning
(D) laid in his proposal
lay (laid) has wrong meaning
(E) lay in his proposal
'originality lay in his proposal' has wrong meaning, Darwin didn't propose the natural selection
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273

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05 May 2007, 08:09
What's the difference between 'lay' and 'laid'?
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2007
Posts: 329

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05 May 2007, 08:15
leeye84 wrote:
What's the difference between 'lay' and 'laid'?

lie, lay, lain: The city lies at the bottom of the mountain.
lay, laid, laid: Please, lay your keys on the table.

Sorry, for the silly sentences. Cheers!
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1342
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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05 May 2007, 15:02
leeye84 wrote:
233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

Both A and E are correct.
I pick E for conciseness.
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1342

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05 May 2007, 15:11
leeye84 wrote:
What's the difference between 'lay' and 'laid'?

Past tense of "lie" is lay.
Past tense of "lay" is laid.
Director
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 543
Schools: MIT Sloan

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11 May 2007, 11:21
I'l go with E.

the term 'the fact that' is best omitted in GMAT - rules out A/B/C

next, the choice between 'laid/lay' - hence E.

Whats the OA ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273

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11 May 2007, 12:22
OA is E.
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 736

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11 May 2007, 12:36
I think lay is used here as the past form of lie...
A.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 972
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2008, 20:30
Still sort of confused on this one.

Why lay vs laid?
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2473
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2008, 23:06
leeye84 wrote:
233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

A/B are too wordy.
C/D alters the meaning.
E. Lay is the correct verb.

Here is why? An excerpt from the Cliff's grammer book.
Lie and lay are two of the six problematic and confusing verbs. The others are: Rise & Raise, and Sit & set.

1: Lie/Lay:

The first source of confusion is that there are two completely different verbs spelled lie in the English language. One verb means to say something that is not true. That is not the verb I refer to in this section. The verb lie that is often confused with lay means to “rest,” “repose,” or “be situated in a place.” It is often followed by the preposition down. Lie does not take a complement (because it is intransitive). The tenses of this verb are lie, lay, lain, and lying.

The old dog is lying in the sun.
The nurse asked the patient to lie on the table.

Lay means to “place somebody or something on a surface.” This verb must have a complement (because it is transitive). The tenses of this verb are lay, laid, laid, and laying.

She laid the baby in the crib.
The man had laid the documents on the table before he sat down.

2: Rise/Raise:

Rise and raise have similar meanings but are frequently confused with each other. Rise is an intransitive verb (meaning it cannot have a complement), and raise is a transitive verb (meaning it requires a complement).

Rise means “get up,” “move upwards (without outside assistance),” or “increase.” The tenses of this verb are rise, rose, risen, and rising.

The tide rises at the inlet several hours before it rises further inland.
As the ambassador entered the room, the delegates rose.
When interest rates rise, stock values frequently fall.

Raise means “lift” or “elevate” an object or “increase” something. The tenses of this verb are raise, raised, raised, and raising.

You must raise your grades if you hope to be awarded the scholarship.
This company has entered into a contract to attempt to raise the remains of the sunken ship.

3: Sit/Set

Sit and set are easily confused as well.

Sit means to “take a seat.” Like lie, it is also often used with the preposition down. It is intransitive, so it does not take a complement. The tenses of this verb are sit, sat, sat, and sitting.

After swimming, Bob sat on the beach to dry off.
They have sat in the same position for two hours.

Set means to “put somebody or something on a surface or in a place.” Set is often interchangeable with lay or put except in certain idiomatic expressions like set the table. It is transitive, so it must take an object.

The man set the computer on the table.
Melinda is setting the forms in the trays.
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Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 972
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2008, 12:42
Whoa. I'm even more confused!

What does intrasitive or transitive mean?

GMAT TIGER wrote:
leeye84 wrote:
233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(B) lay in the fact of his proposing the idea
(C) laid in the fact of his proposing the idea
(D) laid in his proposal
(E) lay in his proposal

A/B are too wordy.
C/D alters the meaning.
E. Lay is the correct verb.

Here is why? An excerpt from the Cliff's grammer book.
Lie and lay are two of the six problematic and confusing verbs. The others are: Rise & Raise, and Sit & set.

1: Lie/Lay:

The first source of confusion is that there are two completely different verbs spelled lie in the English language. One verb means to say something that is not true. That is not the verb I refer to in this section. The verb lie that is often confused with lay means to “rest,” “repose,” or “be situated in a place.” It is often followed by the preposition down. Lie does not take a complement (because it is intransitive). The tenses of this verb are lie, lay, lain, and lying.

The old dog is lying in the sun.
The nurse asked the patient to lie on the table.

Lay means to “place somebody or something on a surface.” This verb must have a complement (because it is transitive). The tenses of this verb are lay, laid, laid, and laying.

She laid the baby in the crib.
The man had laid the documents on the table before he sat down.

2: Rise/Raise:

Rise and raise have similar meanings but are frequently confused with each other. Rise is an intransitive verb (meaning it cannot have a complement), and raise is a transitive verb (meaning it requires a complement).

Rise means “get up,” “move upwards (without outside assistance),” or “increase.” The tenses of this verb are rise, rose, risen, and rising.

The tide rises at the inlet several hours before it rises further inland.
As the ambassador entered the room, the delegates rose.
When interest rates rise, stock values frequently fall.

Raise means “lift” or “elevate” an object or “increase” something. The tenses of this verb are raise, raised, raised, and raising.

You must raise your grades if you hope to be awarded the scholarship.
This company has entered into a contract to attempt to raise the remains of the sunken ship.

3: Sit/Set

Sit and set are easily confused as well.

Sit means to “take a seat.” Like lie, it is also often used with the preposition down. It is intransitive, so it does not take a complement. The tenses of this verb are sit, sat, sat, and sitting.

After swimming, Bob sat on the beach to dry off.
They have sat in the same position for two hours.

Set means to “put somebody or something on a surface or in a place.” Set is often interchangeable with lay or put except in certain idiomatic expressions like set the table. It is transitive, so it must take an object.

The man set the computer on the table.
Melinda is setting the forms in the trays.
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2008, 18:33
I felt that E actually changed the meaning.

originality lay in his proposal of X means CD actually proposed the whole thing

A says O lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of X means CD just hinted it.

What do you guys think? Where is this Q from?
Director
Joined: 18 Feb 2008
Posts: 790
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2009, 19:54
Yeah this is a great problem. I knew I had to use the past tense, since "originality" is singular. So I picked laid, didn't realize that "lay" is really the past tense of "lie" and should be used here.

E.
Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 173
Re: SC - darwin [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2009, 08:10
233. Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution; his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

(A) lay in the fact that he proposed the idea
(E) lay in his proposal

his tremendous originality lay in the fact that he proposed the idea of natural selection as the means by which evolution worked.

A and E have different meanings. First part of sentence already says "Darwin was not first to advance the theory", so his originality was in the proposal. Hence E is correct.
Re: SC - darwin   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2009, 08:10
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# Darwin was not the first to advance a theory of evolution;

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