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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between

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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since‗‗‗‗‗‗.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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New post 16 Jul 2013, 09:31
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A Correct. If this is true, it would mean that smaller-than-average winter wheat yields would
translate into lower-than-usual profitson winter wheat (whilespring wheat would be as profitable as winter wheat would normally be). This would justify the conclusion that spring wheat will be more profitable than winter wheat.
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New post 29 Sep 2016, 04:26
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Also, IMO C is wrong cuz it says that Spring wheat is well adapted to the soil, but it might be that winter wheat is also equally adaptable to this soil.
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Re: CR - Davison river [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2009, 22:44
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neeshpal wrote:
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since‗‗‗‗‗‗.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

please explain answers


A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
If size of the winter harvest would not be compensated by the winter wheat prices, then farmers would incur losses. Hence the answer.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
The choice is not explaining why planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting winter wheat. Hence the choice is incorrect.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
-out of scope

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
-out of scope

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye
-out of scope
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2014, 23:33
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Hi,

I originally I chose answer choice C because I was thinking that if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region then the water irrigation restriction would not hamper its yield. Along with the fact that the yields for winter wheat would be lower than average, I thought that meant that spring wheat would be more profitable.

Is this incorrect because

1) the water for irrigation causing the lower than average per acre yields for winter wheat is different from how well adapted to the soil it is

and

2) spring wheat being more well adapted doesn't necessarily mean that profits would be higher? Put in other words, it's well adapted but we don't know how that relates to profit = revenue - cost?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2014, 13:01
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Option C goes off because it is stated in the premise that both the wheats are equally profitable. So even if Spring wheat has an advantage from the soil it should not be a problem (strengthener)
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2016, 22:03
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Argument Analysis:

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. A background information.
Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. A background information.
Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. A background information.
Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, Conclusion
since‗‗‗‗‗‗. To fill a reason to support the conclusion

Under current restriction , scenario has changed from equally profitable to spring wheat being more profitable.
Hence the correct answer option will discuss –
a. profit from spring wheat , or
b. loss or lesser gain in winter wheat when compared with spring wheat
- less quantity or decrease in price

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices. Loss : Correct
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested. Ok that is fine but no information to justify conclusion
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region. Great …but no information to justify conclusion
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat. But it not is helping to conclude that spring wheat will be profitable…will different use gain more price??? No clue
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye. So what…only bothered about spring and winter wheat.

Option A
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Re: CR - Davison river [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2009, 19:15
C,D,E are irrelevant.

B is not the logical continuation of the stem.
Therefore, it is IMO A.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 05:43
Hi neeshpal,

A is the correct answer choice as it is one which justifies the reason why spring wheat will be profitable.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 06:26
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested --- irrelavant
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region -- no clue about this is given the question.
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat --- nor specified in the question about uses
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye --- irrelavant

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2013, 04:28
I think this problem has a key word in question stem(profitable) and (compensated price) in answer choice A
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New post 14 Jun 2013, 10:38
The farmer have to decide Winter crop OR Spring crop.

B gives the impression that the farmers would not be able to plant seeds for Spring as Winter crop is already standing!

Since, only one has to be selected.....B is out.

A is the ryt answer as it addrs. the issue with loss of revenue.
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Initial Thoughts:

Anytime, that I see profitability as a word, I immediately put it into a highly simplified framework : Profit = Revenue – Costs, Revenue = Price * Quantity and Costs are typically given they never go into fixed or variable prices.

So in this case, if the yield is going to be low, they will need to raise the price to equal the revenue component. Thus, the answer must mention about the impact to price.


A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

By POE, A
Basically, the would make a loss. That’s what I inferred. Read above on approach.


B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

Answer will reflect on winter wheat not on spring wheat.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

Same as B

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

Insufficient information – can you conclusively say that this is a strong enough reason for profitability by spring and winter wheat?

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Other crops – Out of scope.
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New post 20 Dec 2013, 05:06
Only choice A explains why planting winter wheat would be unprofitable and hence is the best answer.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2014, 00:06
To attack on the question ..read through the lines : To complete the argument we need to mention the assumption ...

The argument is about the decision either to plant winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring.
Since both are equally profitable hence the farmer will likely to grow in which little investment is needed. Since water restriction is lower on winter wheat yield per acre than spring wheat. Hence we have to assume why the plantation of spring wheat will be profitable than winter wheat?
Pre-thinking : Keeping scope in mind the irrigation water will lead to change in the yield of the crop.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices : This attacks on the fact that if the irrigation is inadequate the yield will be affected hence drops the profit of the growers.
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested ---- Timing is not in cope
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region : out of scope
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat -- out of scope
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye -- not related
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New post 15 Feb 2015, 13:14
I've selected A after reading this sentence the first time. It's not a good approach, as one must always read other answer choices. But after that I examined other answer choices. I've kicked C,D,E immediately, as the are irrelevant and has nothing to do with Profits of winter wheats vs Sping wheats. Let's look at B --> I don't see here either some information about profits of one or another wheat......


So we are left with A - which says, that winter wheat will not be profitable this year because of the reasons stated in this answer choice.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2016, 06:37
Premise: Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average.

Conc: planting spring wheat(SW) will be more profitable than planting winter wheat(WW)

Pre-thinking : Profit will depend on quantity * price. So we are given that quantity will be less than average. But what about the price? So the assumption is that price will be average that farmers get for WW.

Let's look at options A and C.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices.

This paraphrase the assumption that we pre-thought. If you negative A, the negated A will weaken the conclusion since if WW would sell for more than average price then then the sales (quantity of wheat * price) may not be less than average and therefore profit won't be less than average. So you cannot conclude the SW will be more profitable than WW. Therefore this option is correct.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

We are looking for an assumption here to conclude that SW will be more profitable then WW. This option doesn't affect the conclusion in any way.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region.

From the premise we know that both winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable and therefore farmers are currently deciding between two. This options says that SW is well adapted but that doesn't mean that WW is not as well adapted.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

Still it doesn't affect the conclusion. Since farmers are currently deciding between these two varieties we are not really concerend about their actual uses.

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

This is again out of scope. We are only concerned about SW and WW and how SW will be more profitable than WW.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2016, 03:20
Do negating an answer choice on a strengthen/weaken question a correct way to deal in getting to the correct answer? Or should the negation technique be limited to assumption questions only?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2017, 06:56
I believe 'B' would have been the answer if the argument provided this-"Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than any other option to maximize the profit because_"

There is another option available to maximize the profits i.e. plant winter seeds first, harvest them and then plant spring seeds.

Please correct the understanding or confirm if its correct.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 01:37
Hello Experts,
Can you please explain detailed explanation of OA:A. My argument understanding is as below:
farmers from DR have option to plant winter wheat or spring wheat. Usually both are equally profitable. However, because of new government restrictions, which suggests less water to be used for irrigation, per acre yield of winter wheat is less profitable than spring wheat. So apart from availability of water for irrigation, we need to find alternate reason to support why spring wheat is more profitable to plant.
Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2017, 01:37

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