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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 17:41
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Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 18:16
GMATNinja wrote:
Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.


Hi Charles,
I need to understand few additional points in option A:
the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year - does this talk about smaller yields ? (assuming harvest and yields mean the same.
higher winter wheat prices - now I am assuming we are bringing profit in picture by saying prices can not be compensated by low yield / harvest.
How did you link the term smaller-than-average size in context of argument? Since this was where I was stumped while attempting this Q.
WR,
Arpit.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 18:31
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Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 20:02
neeshpal wrote:
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though NOT for spring wheat, would be much LOWER than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be MORE profitable than planting winter wheat, SINCE_____.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would NOT be compensated for by HIGHER winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye


Spring or Winter Wheat

Step 1: Identify the Question

This is a fill in the blank question. The word since just before the blank indicates the need for another premise to support the conclusion, so this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Spring and Wint=profit usually
But: Low yield for Wint due to water rest.
Conc: Spring more profit
The argument provides information to compare the expected quantities of spring versus winter wheat. What other factors might influence the profit of spring wheat compared to winter wheat?

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Strengthen questions, the goal is to find a piece of information that would support the conclusion. The correct answer should make the conclusion more likely.

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) CORRECT. Price is another factor that affects profit. In order for spring wheat to be more profitable, the lower yields from winter wheat must not be offset by much higher prices. If the farmers were able to sell the winter wheat at much higher prices, then profits might not be lower during that season.
(B) This answer establishes that it is not possible to plant both spring and winter wheat in the same field, but that is not important to the conclusion, which focuses on the profit from spring wheat versus winter wheat.
(C) The fact that spring wheat is well adapted would most directly influence the yields for spring wheat. The argument already says that the yields for spring wheat will be higher than those for winter wheat this year, so his answer does not provide any additional information to help compare profitability between spring and winter wheat.
(D) The particular uses for spring wheat versus winter wheat do not directly provide information about the profitability of the two types of wheat.
(E) The conclusion is about the profit of spring versus winter wheat, so comparisons to rye or other crops are irrelevant.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 23:06
GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?


Yes, Crystal clear now. Thanks.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 19:49
Cracker of an explanation! Thank you!

Best,
SS18

GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 21:28
neeshpal wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye


A logically completes the argument because it basically says that there is no way to offset the potential profit loss of a lower crop yield.

A

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 20:22
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
- "per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average" + "smaller-than-average size of winter wheat harvest". Small size & lower prices? bad for winter wheat!

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
- Out of scope. So what if new spring wheat crops planted earlier? what if they get harvested earlier too? doesn't definitively tell us anything

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
- Out of scope. What does being adapted do for this argument? Nothing.

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
- Out of scope. Who cares what spring wheats' uses are?

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye
- Out of scope. Not at all concerned with profit of other crops

Easier question since a lot of A/C are out of scope. Kudos please if you find this helpful :)

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w   [#permalink] 07 Sep 2017, 20:22

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