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# Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2012, 06:26
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested --- irrelavant
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region -- no clue about this is given the question.
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat --- nor specified in the question about uses
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye --- irrelavant

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 04:28
I think this problem has a key word in question stem(profitable) and (compensated price) in answer choice A
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2013, 10:38
The farmer have to decide Winter crop OR Spring crop.

B gives the impression that the farmers would not be able to plant seeds for Spring as Winter crop is already standing!

Since, only one has to be selected.....B is out.

A is the ryt answer as it addrs. the issue with loss of revenue.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2013, 09:06
1
1
Initial Thoughts:

Anytime, that I see profitability as a word, I immediately put it into a highly simplified framework : Profit = Revenue – Costs, Revenue = Price * Quantity and Costs are typically given they never go into fixed or variable prices.

So in this case, if the yield is going to be low, they will need to raise the price to equal the revenue component. Thus, the answer must mention about the impact to price.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

By POE, A
Basically, the would make a loss. That’s what I inferred. Read above on approach.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

Answer will reflect on winter wheat not on spring wheat.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

Same as B

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

Insufficient information – can you conclusively say that this is a strong enough reason for profitability by spring and winter wheat?

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Other crops – Out of scope.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 09:31
2
A Correct. If this is true, it would mean that smaller-than-average winter wheat yields would
translate into lower-than-usual profitson winter wheat (whilespring wheat would be as profitable as winter wheat would normally be). This would justify the conclusion that spring wheat will be more profitable than winter wheat.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2013, 05:06
Only choice A explains why planting winter wheat would be unprofitable and hence is the best answer.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 09:45
Lstadt wrote:
Doesn't make sense to go for A.

We already know that Winter Wheat yield is going to be lower this year. It is provided in the argument (Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average.)

The premise tells us that Winter Wheat has a problem when given less water.

Answer C informs us that Sprint Wheat is well adapted to the soil = will have better yield?

Am I stretching it too much and bringing outside assumptions?
Let me try to explain this..
Cost Price of(Expense on) Winter Wheat to farmers(for seeds and all other ) = \$100 for 1 kg
Profit Margin = 20%
Sales Price = 1 kg(Output Quantity) *100(CP) * 1.2 =\$120
So, before the law on irrigation restrictions, Profit = 120(Revenue) - 100(Expense) = \$20

Now, after CP(Cost Price) or Expense of Winter Wheat remains same = \$100 for 1 kg
Profit Margin = 20% (Same)
But yield has decreased, for 1 kg sowed, I receive only 0.8 kg yield or Output quantity.
So, the Sales Price for this reduced quantity = 0.8 kg(Output Quantity) * 100(CP) * 1.2 = \$96
So, after the law on irrigation restrictions, Profit = 96 (Revenue) - 100 (Expense) = -\$4
So it is a net loss. Why? Because the profit margin of 20% is not good enough to cover up the expenses and loss of yield.

Since expenses are considered constant in the question, the question then focuses on loss of yield to blame this loss. This is what A covers up.
If you increase the yield or increase the profit margin, you will get more Profits. That is what A suggests.

HTH
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 07:13
2
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices...[color=#00a651]MEANS LOW HARVEST WILL NOT ENSURE PROPORTIONALLY HIGH PROFIT DUE TO HIGHER PRICES..... HENCE PROFIT WILL BE LESS THAN SPRING WHEAT.....HENCE CORRECT
[/color]
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested...SHOWS ONLY ONE CAN BE PLANTED.... BUT DOES NOT HINT TOWARDS WHICH ONE WOULD BE MORE PROFITABLE... HENCE INCORRECT.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region....ADAPTATION TO SOIL IS IRRELEVANT HERE.....MAY BE WINTER WHEAT IS EQUALLY OR MORE ADAPTABLE......

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat......USE IS NOT IMPORTANT HERE....... PROFIT IS.... HENCE WRONG....

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye......WHY COMPARE OTHER PLANTS?......WRONG
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 07:25
A it is. The "since____________" part is continuing a thought about which plant is more profitable. An explanation for such thought must follow. A fits the bill.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2014, 23:33
1
Hi,

I originally I chose answer choice C because I was thinking that if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region then the water irrigation restriction would not hamper its yield. Along with the fact that the yields for winter wheat would be lower than average, I thought that meant that spring wheat would be more profitable.

Is this incorrect because

1) the water for irrigation causing the lower than average per acre yields for winter wheat is different from how well adapted to the soil it is

and

2) spring wheat being more well adapted doesn't necessarily mean that profits would be higher? Put in other words, it's well adapted but we don't know how that relates to profit = revenue - cost?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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31 May 2014, 00:06
To attack on the question ..read through the lines : To complete the argument we need to mention the assumption ...

The argument is about the decision either to plant winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring.
Since both are equally profitable hence the farmer will likely to grow in which little investment is needed. Since water restriction is lower on winter wheat yield per acre than spring wheat. Hence we have to assume why the plantation of spring wheat will be profitable than winter wheat?
Pre-thinking : Keeping scope in mind the irrigation water will lead to change in the yield of the crop.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices : This attacks on the fact that if the irrigation is inadequate the yield will be affected hence drops the profit of the growers.
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested ---- Timing is not in cope
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region : out of scope
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat -- out of scope
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye -- not related
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2014, 13:01
1
Option C goes off because it is stated in the premise that both the wheats are equally profitable. So even if Spring wheat has an advantage from the soil it should not be a problem (strengthener)
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 13:14
I've selected A after reading this sentence the first time. It's not a good approach, as one must always read other answer choices. But after that I examined other answer choices. I've kicked C,D,E immediately, as the are irrelevant and has nothing to do with Profits of winter wheats vs Sping wheats. Let's look at B --> I don't see here either some information about profits of one or another wheat......

So we are left with A - which says, that winter wheat will not be profitable this year because of the reasons stated in this answer choice.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2016, 06:37
Premise: Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average.

Conc: planting spring wheat(SW) will be more profitable than planting winter wheat(WW)

Pre-thinking : Profit will depend on quantity * price. So we are given that quantity will be less than average. But what about the price? So the assumption is that price will be average that farmers get for WW.

Let's look at options A and C.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices.

This paraphrase the assumption that we pre-thought. If you negative A, the negated A will weaken the conclusion since if WW would sell for more than average price then then the sales (quantity of wheat * price) may not be less than average and therefore profit won't be less than average. So you cannot conclude the SW will be more profitable than WW. Therefore this option is correct.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

We are looking for an assumption here to conclude that SW will be more profitable then WW. This option doesn't affect the conclusion in any way.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region.

From the premise we know that both winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable and therefore farmers are currently deciding between two. This options says that SW is well adapted but that doesn't mean that WW is not as well adapted.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

Still it doesn't affect the conclusion. Since farmers are currently deciding between these two varieties we are not really concerend about their actual uses.

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

This is again out of scope. We are only concerned about SW and WW and how SW will be more profitable than WW.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2016, 22:03
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Argument Analysis:

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. A background information.
Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. A background information.
Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. A background information.
Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, Conclusion
since‗‗‗‗‗‗. To fill a reason to support the conclusion

Under current restriction , scenario has changed from equally profitable to spring wheat being more profitable.
Hence the correct answer option will discuss –
a. profit from spring wheat , or
b. loss or lesser gain in winter wheat when compared with spring wheat
- less quantity or decrease in price

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices. Loss : Correct
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested. Ok that is fine but no information to justify conclusion
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region. Great …but no information to justify conclusion
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat. But it not is helping to conclude that spring wheat will be profitable…will different use gain more price??? No clue
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye. So what…only bothered about spring and winter wheat.

Option A
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 00:56
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

winter wheat VS Spring wheat
after res. winter wheat yield/acre < avg
spring wheat yield >= avg

Spring wheat yield more profitable. That means (revenue - expenditure) for Spring wheat > (revenue - expenditure) winter wheat.

* High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield)
* if other factor that affects expenditure is low for Spring wheat yield

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices :- * High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield) A substantiate this.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region : Even if it well adapted, why not winter wheat.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat : doesn't address issue of profitability

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye : out of scope
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 04:26
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Also, IMO C is wrong cuz it says that Spring wheat is well adapted to the soil, but it might be that winter wheat is also equally adaptable to this soil.
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2016, 19:30
1
Think about it this way:
I have the option to either sell the swangsung galaxy note 7 this year on retail websites or the snapple 7 plus next year, when it releases, on retail websites. Both smartphones are equally profitable. But, due to recent issues with swangsung's fones catching fire, customers are reluctant to purchase the swangsung even after deep discounts. Because of this, I wont be able to sell a single swangsung fone this year but will still have to pay for the retail website fees and advertising charges which means I will make a loss. So, I would rather wait for the new snaple 7 plus to release next year.

Makes sense?

pi10t wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2016, 03:20
Do negating an answer choice on a strengthen/weaken question a correct way to deal in getting to the correct answer? Or should the negation technique be limited to assumption questions only?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 06:56
I believe 'B' would have been the answer if the argument provided this-"Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than any other option to maximize the profit because_"

There is another option available to maximize the profits i.e. plant winter seeds first, harvest them and then plant spring seeds.

Please correct the understanding or confirm if its correct.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2017, 06:56

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