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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2016, 05:37
Premise: Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average.

Conc: planting spring wheat(SW) will be more profitable than planting winter wheat(WW)

Pre-thinking : Profit will depend on quantity * price. So we are given that quantity will be less than average. But what about the price? So the assumption is that price will be average that farmers get for WW.

Let's look at options A and C.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices.

This paraphrase the assumption that we pre-thought. If you negative A, the negated A will weaken the conclusion since if WW would sell for more than average price then then the sales (quantity of wheat * price) may not be less than average and therefore profit won't be less than average. So you cannot conclude the SW will be more profitable than WW. Therefore this option is correct.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

We are looking for an assumption here to conclude that SW will be more profitable then WW. This option doesn't affect the conclusion in any way.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region.

From the premise we know that both winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable and therefore farmers are currently deciding between two. This options says that SW is well adapted but that doesn't mean that WW is not as well adapted.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

Still it doesn't affect the conclusion. Since farmers are currently deciding between these two varieties we are not really concerend about their actual uses.

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

This is again out of scope. We are only concerned about SW and WW and how SW will be more profitable than WW.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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Argument Analysis:

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. A background information.
Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. A background information.
Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. A background information.
Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, Conclusion
since‗‗‗‗‗‗. To fill a reason to support the conclusion

Under current restriction , scenario has changed from equally profitable to spring wheat being more profitable.
Hence the correct answer option will discuss –
a. profit from spring wheat , or
b. loss or lesser gain in winter wheat when compared with spring wheat
- less quantity or decrease in price

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices. Loss : Correct
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested. Ok that is fine but no information to justify conclusion
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region. Great …but no information to justify conclusion
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat. But it not is helping to conclude that spring wheat will be profitable…will different use gain more price??? No clue
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye. So what…only bothered about spring and winter wheat.

Option A
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2016, 23:56
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

winter wheat VS Spring wheat
after res. winter wheat yield/acre < avg
spring wheat yield >= avg

Spring wheat yield more profitable. That means (revenue - expenditure) for Spring wheat > (revenue - expenditure) winter wheat.

* High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield)
* if other factor that affects expenditure is low for Spring wheat yield




A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices :- * High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield) A substantiate this.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region : Even if it well adapted, why not winter wheat.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat : doesn't address issue of profitability

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye : out of scope
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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Also, IMO C is wrong cuz it says that Spring wheat is well adapted to the soil, but it might be that winter wheat is also equally adaptable to this soil.
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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Think about it this way:
I have the option to either sell the swangsung galaxy note 7 this year on retail websites or the snapple 7 plus next year, when it releases, on retail websites. Both smartphones are equally profitable. But, due to recent issues with swangsung's fones catching fire, customers are reluctant to purchase the swangsung even after deep discounts. Because of this, I wont be able to sell a single swangsung fone this year but will still have to pay for the retail website fees and advertising charges which means I will make a loss. So, I would rather wait for the new snaple 7 plus to release next year.

Makes sense?

pi10t wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2016, 02:20
Do negating an answer choice on a strengthen/weaken question a correct way to deal in getting to the correct answer? Or should the negation technique be limited to assumption questions only?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2017, 05:56
I believe 'B' would have been the answer if the argument provided this-"Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than any other option to maximize the profit because_"

There is another option available to maximize the profits i.e. plant winter seeds first, harvest them and then plant spring seeds.

Please correct the understanding or confirm if its correct.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 00:37
Hello Experts,
Can you please explain detailed explanation of OA:A. My argument understanding is as below:
farmers from DR have option to plant winter wheat or spring wheat. Usually both are equally profitable. However, because of new government restrictions, which suggests less water to be used for irrigation, per acre yield of winter wheat is less profitable than spring wheat. So apart from availability of water for irrigation, we need to find alternate reason to support why spring wheat is more profitable to plant.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 17:16
GMATNinja wrote:
Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.


Hi Charles,
I need to understand few additional points in option A:
the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year - does this talk about smaller yields ? (assuming harvest and yields mean the same.
higher winter wheat prices - now I am assuming we are bringing profit in picture by saying prices can not be compensated by low yield / harvest.
How did you link the term smaller-than-average size in context of argument? Since this was where I was stumped while attempting this Q.
WR,
Arpit.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 17:31
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Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 19:02
neeshpal wrote:
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though NOT for spring wheat, would be much LOWER than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be MORE profitable than planting winter wheat, SINCE_____.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would NOT be compensated for by HIGHER winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye


Spring or Winter Wheat

Step 1: Identify the Question

This is a fill in the blank question. The word since just before the blank indicates the need for another premise to support the conclusion, so this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Spring and Wint=profit usually
But: Low yield for Wint due to water rest.
Conc: Spring more profit
The argument provides information to compare the expected quantities of spring versus winter wheat. What other factors might influence the profit of spring wheat compared to winter wheat?

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Strengthen questions, the goal is to find a piece of information that would support the conclusion. The correct answer should make the conclusion more likely.

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) CORRECT. Price is another factor that affects profit. In order for spring wheat to be more profitable, the lower yields from winter wheat must not be offset by much higher prices. If the farmers were able to sell the winter wheat at much higher prices, then profits might not be lower during that season.
(B) This answer establishes that it is not possible to plant both spring and winter wheat in the same field, but that is not important to the conclusion, which focuses on the profit from spring wheat versus winter wheat.
(C) The fact that spring wheat is well adapted would most directly influence the yields for spring wheat. The argument already says that the yields for spring wheat will be higher than those for winter wheat this year, so his answer does not provide any additional information to help compare profitability between spring and winter wheat.
(D) The particular uses for spring wheat versus winter wheat do not directly provide information about the profitability of the two types of wheat.
(E) The conclusion is about the profit of spring versus winter wheat, so comparisons to rye or other crops are irrelevant.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2017, 22:06
GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?


Yes, Crystal clear now. Thanks.
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 11:44
+ 1 A

Here's how I got the answer in less than 1 minute.


Winter or sprint wheat? Both equally profitable.
Restrictions on the use of water for irrigation so the per acre yields for winter wheat lower than average
Per acre yield for spring wheat won't be affected.
Conclusion:Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat,

But why?

Since _____.

Prethinking: Think of demand and supply. If per acre yield of winter wheat is low, the farmers can demand more $$ since winter wheat is scarce! But the author concludes that the farmer must plant spring wheat. Why?

Answer:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 18:49
Cracker of an explanation! Thank you!

Best,
SS18

GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices


To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 20:28
neeshpal wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye


A logically completes the argument because it basically says that there is no way to offset the potential profit loss of a lower crop yield.

A
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 19:22
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
- "per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average" + "smaller-than-average size of winter wheat harvest". Small size & lower prices? bad for winter wheat!

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
- Out of scope. So what if new spring wheat crops planted earlier? what if they get harvested earlier too? doesn't definitively tell us anything

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
- Out of scope. What does being adapted do for this argument? Nothing.

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
- Out of scope. Who cares what spring wheats' uses are?

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye
- Out of scope. Not at all concerned with profit of other crops

Easier question since a lot of A/C are out of scope. Kudos please if you find this helpful :)
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 03:06
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Dear mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

I picked up C at first, later, I understand that why A is correct when reviewing.
although I read the whole thread, I am still a bit confused about answer choice C.
the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

as the argument states, Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable, implying that winter wheat and springs wheat were same profitable before the restriction and that the profit of winter wheat will be worse after the restriction.
I need to find a premise that can lead to the conclusion that planting spring wheat will be more profit.
so if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region, as C states, then C makes the conclusion more possible ,

Genuinely need your explanation .

thanks in advance
have a nice day
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 21:34
zoezhuyan wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Dear mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

I picked up C at first, later, I understand that why A is correct when reviewing.
although I read the whole thread, I am still a bit confused about answer choice C.
the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

as the argument states, Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable, implying that winter wheat and springs wheat were same profitable before the restriction and that the profit of winter wheat will be worse after the restriction.
I need to find a premise that can lead to the conclusion that planting spring wheat will be more profit.
so if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region, as C states, then C makes the conclusion more possible ,

Genuinely need your explanation .

thanks in advance
have a nice day

Like you said, winter and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. So, if we hold all other variables equal and ONLY reduce the yield for winter wheat, then spring wheat should be more profitable. As you can see from choice (A), that might NOT be the case if winter wheat prices are higher than usual.

As for choice (C), knowing that spring wheat is well adapted to the soil does contribute to our confidence that the spring wheat crop will not fail. But even if we have a very successful spring wheat crop and a lower than average winter wheat harvest, the winter harvest could be more profitable if winter wheat prices rise to a high enough level.

Choice (C) gives us reason to believe that the spring crop will not fail, but it does not assure us that high winter wheat prices won't make winter wheat the more profitable option.

Thanks for your question, and let us know if you're still unsure!
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2018, 21:34

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