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# Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w

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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 01:37
Hello Experts,
Can you please explain detailed explanation of OA:A. My argument understanding is as below:
farmers from DR have option to plant winter wheat or spring wheat. Usually both are equally profitable. However, because of new government restrictions, which suggests less water to be used for irrigation, per acre yield of winter wheat is less profitable than spring wheat. So apart from availability of water for irrigation, we need to find alternate reason to support why spring wheat is more profitable to plant.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 17:41
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1
Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 18:16
GMATNinja wrote:
Yes, that's correct, adkikani. This is superficially a fill-in-the-blank question, but in reality, you're trying to strengthen the phrase in the last sentence: "planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat."

We know that yields will be lower with winter wheat, so we're just trying to show that winter wheat will also be less profitable -- and (A) covers that nicely, by showing that higher prices won't compensate for the lower yields.

Hi Charles,
I need to understand few additional points in option A:
the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year - does this talk about smaller yields ? (assuming harvest and yields mean the same.
higher winter wheat prices - now I am assuming we are bringing profit in picture by saying prices can not be compensated by low yield / harvest.
How did you link the term smaller-than-average size in context of argument? Since this was where I was stumped while attempting this Q.
WR,
Arpit.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 18:31
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Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 20:02
neeshpal wrote:
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though NOT for spring wheat, would be much LOWER than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be MORE profitable than planting winter wheat, SINCE_____.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would NOT be compensated for by HIGHER winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Spring or Winter Wheat

Step 1: Identify the Question

This is a fill in the blank question. The word since just before the blank indicates the need for another premise to support the conclusion, so this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Spring and Wint=profit usually
But: Low yield for Wint due to water rest.
Conc: Spring more profit
The argument provides information to compare the expected quantities of spring versus winter wheat. What other factors might influence the profit of spring wheat compared to winter wheat?

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Strengthen questions, the goal is to find a piece of information that would support the conclusion. The correct answer should make the conclusion more likely.

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) CORRECT. Price is another factor that affects profit. In order for spring wheat to be more profitable, the lower yields from winter wheat must not be offset by much higher prices. If the farmers were able to sell the winter wheat at much higher prices, then profits might not be lower during that season.
(B) This answer establishes that it is not possible to plant both spring and winter wheat in the same field, but that is not important to the conclusion, which focuses on the profit from spring wheat versus winter wheat.
(C) The fact that spring wheat is well adapted would most directly influence the yields for spring wheat. The argument already says that the yields for spring wheat will be higher than those for winter wheat this year, so his answer does not provide any additional information to help compare profitability between spring and winter wheat.
(D) The particular uses for spring wheat versus winter wheat do not directly provide information about the profitability of the two types of wheat.
(E) The conclusion is about the profit of spring versus winter wheat, so comparisons to rye or other crops are irrelevant.
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 23:06
GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?

Yes, Crystal clear now. Thanks.
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 12:44
+ 1 A

Here's how I got the answer in less than 1 minute.

Winter or sprint wheat? Both equally profitable.
Restrictions on the use of water for irrigation so the per acre yields for winter wheat lower than average
Per acre yield for spring wheat won't be affected.
Conclusion:Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat,

But why?

Since _____.

Prethinking: Think of demand and supply. If per acre yield of winter wheat is low, the farmers can demand more \$\$ since winter wheat is scarce! But the author concludes that the farmer must plant spring wheat. Why?

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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22 May 2017, 19:49
Cracker of an explanation! Thank you!

Best,
SS18

GMATNinja wrote:
Ah, OK -- I think I see what you're saying, Arpit. Here's what we know from the passage:

Quote:
per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average

So that means that there would be a much smaller harvest per acre for winter wheat -- at least when compared to the average winter wheat harvests.

And here's answer choice (A) again:

Quote:
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

To me, that first phrase -- "smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest" essentially matches the passage in meaning. And the rest of (A) just connects the size of the harvest to the overall profitability.

Does that help?
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 21:28
neeshpal wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

A logically completes the argument because it basically says that there is no way to offset the potential profit loss of a lower crop yield.

A
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 20:22
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since ________.

Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

(A) the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
- "per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average" + "smaller-than-average size of winter wheat harvest". Small size & lower prices? bad for winter wheat!

(B) new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
- Out of scope. So what if new spring wheat crops planted earlier? what if they get harvested earlier too? doesn't definitively tell us anything

(C) the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
- Out of scope. What does being adapted do for this argument? Nothing.

(D) spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
- Out of scope. Who cares what spring wheats' uses are?

(E) planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye
- Out of scope. Not at all concerned with profit of other crops

Easier question since a lot of A/C are out of scope. Kudos please if you find this helpful
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2018, 04:06
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Dear mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

I picked up C at first, later, I understand that why A is correct when reviewing.
the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

as the argument states, Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable, implying that winter wheat and springs wheat were same profitable before the restriction and that the profit of winter wheat will be worse after the restriction.
I need to find a premise that can lead to the conclusion that planting spring wheat will be more profit.
so if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region, as C states, then C makes the conclusion more possible ,

have a nice day
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2018, 22:34
zoezhuyan wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.
A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested
C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region
D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat
E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Dear mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

I picked up C at first, later, I understand that why A is correct when reviewing.
the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

as the argument states, Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable, implying that winter wheat and springs wheat were same profitable before the restriction and that the profit of winter wheat will be worse after the restriction.
I need to find a premise that can lead to the conclusion that planting spring wheat will be more profit.
so if spring wheat is well adapted to the soil of the region, as C states, then C makes the conclusion more possible ,

have a nice day

Like you said, winter and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. So, if we hold all other variables equal and ONLY reduce the yield for winter wheat, then spring wheat should be more profitable. As you can see from choice (A), that might NOT be the case if winter wheat prices are higher than usual.

As for choice (C), knowing that spring wheat is well adapted to the soil does contribute to our confidence that the spring wheat crop will not fail. But even if we have a very successful spring wheat crop and a lower than average winter wheat harvest, the winter harvest could be more profitable if winter wheat prices rise to a high enough level.

Choice (C) gives us reason to believe that the spring crop will not fail, but it does not assure us that high winter wheat prices won't make winter wheat the more profitable option.

Thanks for your question, and let us know if you're still unsure!
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2018, 00:38
pi10t wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

This is kind of Evaluate the plan question now out of all the choices we have 2 choices A and C that are more closely related to the plan .
The plan is to plant spring wheat because there are water restriction of the use of river water .
The yield per acre of the spring wheat is high so it would be profitable to plant spring wheat . Now profitable here is the catch what if supply shortage causes the price of winter wheat to skyrocket then planting winter wheat will be a good idea as small yield will more returns .
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2018, 23:11
Hi,

Can some one please explain what category do these kind of questions fall in wherein we are asked to complete the argument? Also, please explain how to handle these kind of questions.
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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2018, 00:56
The explanation in this page seems a little too vague . I have a simpler explanation :

Winter Wheat v/s Spring Wheat Profitability is discussed - What makes Spring wheat more profitable ?.

Winter wheat Quantity is likely to be lesser - So its is likely to be more profitable than Spring wheat only if the Price of Winter Wheat increases .

Option A says Price of Winter Wheat wont increase . With lesser Quantity and same price of Winter Wheat , Spring Wheat will be more profitable
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2018, 16:29
aviejay wrote:
Hi,

Can some one please explain what category do these kind of questions fall in wherein we are asked to complete the argument? Also, please explain how to handle these kind of questions.

Hi aviejay, these are known as "Complete the Passage" questions.

While I don't have specific strategies for handling the various question types, I do recommend that you check out the Ultimate CR Guide for Beginners if you haven't already.

The only difference with "Complete the Passage" questions is that some part of the argument is missing. For example, in this question, we already know the conclusion ("planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat"), and we need to select an answer choice that supports this conclusion. In other words, which statement links the given information to the given conclusion?

I hope that helps!
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Re: Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2018, 08:13
beckee529 wrote:
pi10t wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

Spring wheat is well adapted. That means Winter wheat is also well adapted because it is mentioned in the argument that both are equally profitable. So cannot be used for comparison.
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Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 11:59
We always have to be careful of getting new words in the conclusion.

The author makes a link: LESS YIELD to PROFITABILITY.

Think Carefully, If you produce something less, that doesn't mean you will make less profit. If demand is high and if you can sell the product at a much higher price, you may make more profit.

Option A addresses that issue. Options B and C are not focusing on the main topic of the conclusion.
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter w &nbs [#permalink] 26 Jul 2018, 11:59

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