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# Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful

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Math Expert
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Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 01:34
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (02:01) correct 26% (02:03) wrong based on 171 sessions

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Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful and often life-threatening clogs in the veins. Researchers who examined 180 people with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and 200 without this ailment found that those with high levels of homcysteine, an amino acid,were three times more likely to have deep vein thrombosis than were those with average homocysteine levels. Based on these results,physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.

Which of the following, if true, most indicates that the physicians’ recommendation, if acted upon, would have the desired result?

A. Those in the study with deep vein thrombosis also had irregular levels of several other amino acids.

B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

C. People whose daily consumption of folate is less than that recommended by physicians are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than are people who consume there commended daily allowance of this nutrient.

D. If the clogs caused by deep vein thrombosis are left untreated, they may eventually lodge in the lungs and cause sudden death.

E. In a series of large, well-designed medical studies, the consumption of high levels offolate has not been associated with any serious health risks.

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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 02:09
Bunuel wrote:
Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful and often life-threatening clogs in the veins. Researchers who examined 180 people with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and 200 without this ailment found that those with high levels of homcysteine, an amino acid,were three times more likely to have deep vein thrombosis than were those with average homocysteine levels. Based on these results,physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.

Which of the following, if true, most indicates that the physicians’ recommendation, if acted upon, would have the desired result?

A. Those in the study with deep vein thrombosis also had irregular levels of several other amino acids.

B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

C. People whose daily consumption of folate is less than that recommended by physicians are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than are people who consume there commended daily allowance of this nutrient.

D. If the clogs caused by deep vein thrombosis are left untreated, they may eventually lodge in the lungs and cause sudden death.

E. In a series of large, well-designed medical studies, the consumption of high levels offolate has not been associated with any serious health risks.

Should be B.
People with Deep vein thrombosis have high levels of homcysteine.
Physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.
homcysteine leads to Deep vein thrombosis. Folate reduces homcysteine.

Quote:
B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

High folate consumption --> lower homocysteine levels.
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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 02:19
Bunuel wrote:
Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful and often life-threatening clogs in the veins. Researchers who examined 180 people with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and 200 without this ailment found that those with high levels of homcysteine, an amino acid,were three times more likely to have deep vein thrombosis than were those with average homocysteine levels. Based on these results,physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.

Which of the following, if true, most indicates that the physicians’ recommendation, if acted upon, would have the desired result?

A. Those in the study with deep vein thrombosis also had irregular levels of several other amino acids.

B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

C. People whose daily consumption of folate is less than that recommended by physicians are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than are people who consume there commended daily allowance of this nutrient.

D. If the clogs caused by deep vein thrombosis are left untreated, they may eventually lodge in the lungs and cause sudden death.

E. In a series of large, well-designed medical studies, the consumption of high levels of folate has not been associated with any serious health risks.

In this question we need to strengthen the recommendation. So...
------
(A). Those in the study with deep vein thrombosis also had irregular levels of several other amino acids.

Explanation - This weakens the reason of why Deep Vein thrombosis occurs. We don't want to do that. We want to strengthen.
----------------------------------------
(B). People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

Explanation - This strengthens because it is proof of what the physicians are trying to say in their provided solution.
----------------------------------------
(C). People whose daily consumption of folate is less than that recommended by physicians are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than are people who consume there commended daily allowance of this nutrient.

Explanation - This statement takes us off topic. We are talking here about Deep Vein Thrombosis.
----------------------------------------
(D). If the clogs caused by deep vein thrombosis are left untreated, they may eventually lodge in the lungs and cause sudden death.

Explanation - This statement again takes us off topic. We want to strengthen that how Deep Vein Thrombosis can be less painful. But this tells us what will happen if we leave untreated.
----------------------------------------
(E). In a series of large, well-designed medical studies, the consumption of high levels of folate has not been associated with any serious health risks.

Explanation - This statement does not point us any way. Even if folate does not have any serious health risks, it can have serious side effects. In that case it will not be recommended by any physician in high quantities.

IMO B
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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 02:24
Bunuel wrote:
Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful and often life-threatening clogs in the veins. Researchers who examined 180 people with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and 200 without this ailment found that those with high levels of homcysteine, an amino acid,were three times more likely to have deep vein thrombosis than were those with average homocysteine levels. Based on these results,physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.

Pre-thinking :
The physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that lowers levels of homocysteine.

+1 for B.

B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels. --> Correct, matches our pre-thinking

Hence, B.
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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 03:40
Bunuel wrote:
Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful and often life-threatening clogs in the veins. Researchers who examined 180 people with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and 200 without this ailment found that those with high levels of homcysteine, an amino acid,were three times more likely to have deep vein thrombosis than were those with average homocysteine levels. Based on these results,physicians recommend that people with high homocysteine levels increase their consumption of folate, a nutrient that reduces clotting by lowering levels of homocysteine.

Which of the following, if true, most indicates that the physicians’ recommendation, if acted upon, would have the desired result?

A. Those in the study with deep vein thrombosis also had irregular levels of several other amino acids.

B. People who consume high amounts of folate-rich foods such as orange juice, spinach,and broccoli have been shown to have below-average homocysteine levels.

C. People whose daily consumption of folate is less than that recommended by physicians are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than are people who consume there commended daily allowance of this nutrient.

D. If the clogs caused by deep vein thrombosis are left untreated, they may eventually lodge in the lungs and cause sudden death.

E. In a series of large, well-designed medical studies, the consumption of high levels offolate has not been associated with any serious health risks.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Correct Choice: (B)

The physicians recommend that high-homocysteine people consume more folate, so the best answer choice will be one that shows that more folate means less homocysteine. Choice (B) does just that.

Choice (A) weakens the recommendation (by noting other possible deep vein thrombosis risk factors) and tells us nothing about folate’s relationship tohomocysteine.

Choice (C) tells us that the inverse of the physicians’ recommendation has other negative effects, but that doesn’t mean that taking more folate will reduce homocysteine levels.

Choice (D) simply adds to the evidence that deep vein thrombosis is life-threatening.

Choice (E) says that folate seems to have no side effects; this doesn’t provide any evidence that the treatment will have the desired effect.
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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2018, 04:59
Hope you are preparing well. Critical Reasoning is the most interesting part of the verbal section. With lesser effort, significant improvement is shown in these questions.
Let us try to solve this question now.
According to the argument, increased consumption of the folate will lead to lesser possiblity of having Thrombosis. A correct answer choice will reinstate this fact. Let us do POE
A-The argument is not talking about other amino acids.
B-Correct. This answer choice suggests that increased consumption of folate-rich foods decreases the possibility of having thrombosis.
C- The argument is not discussing about heart attacks.
D--Out of scope
E-This choice again is unrelated to the discussion.
Hope it helps.
Keep practicing. Consistency is the key.
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Re: Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition characterized by painful &nbs [#permalink] 31 Jul 2018, 04:59
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