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# Defense Attorneys

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Manager
Joined: 26 May 2014
Posts: 105
Schools: YLP '18

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26 Aug 2014, 10:31
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (01:05) correct 44% (01:16) wrong based on 556 sessions

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Defense attorneys have occasionally argued that their clients' misconduct stemmed from a reaction to something ingested, but in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy, the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions.

(A) in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy
(B) if criminal or delinquent behavior is attributed to an allergy to some food
(C) in attributing behavior that is criminal or delinquent to an allergy to some food
(D) if some food allergy is attributed as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior
(E) in attributing a food allergy as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior

How can (B) be the answer?
In MGMAT SC it is written that "use only one connector at a time".
In (B) there are two connectors placed together: 'but' and 'if'.

Thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Joined: 20 Dec 2013
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26 Aug 2014, 21:39
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That is very subtle observation Qwerty

To me, a comma should be inserted after 'but' -
Defense attorneys have occasionally argued that their clients' misconduct stemmed from a reaction to something ingested, but , if criminal or delinquent behavior is attributed to an allergy to some food, the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions.

the sentence reordering clarifies it -

Defense attorneys have occasionally argued that their clients' misconduct stemmed from a reaction to something ingested, but the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions if criminal or delinquent behavior is attributed to an allergy to some food.

Eagerly awaiting to hear from experts !!
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Director
Joined: 24 Nov 2015
Posts: 584
Location: United States (LA)

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05 Apr 2016, 13:23
this is a very simple question on use of conjunctions where correct answer is option B
Economist GMAT Tutor Instructor
Joined: 03 Sep 2015
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05 Apr 2016, 21:38
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You could think of the question as a dangling modifier question. “...in attributing…., “ the perpetrators…”. Do the perpetrators do the attributing? No. Eliminate A, C and E. “Attributed as” in D is incorrect. Only B remains. There is no problem with placing the words “but” and “if” next to each other in a sentence. It may have been more difficult to see the question as involving a dangling modifier, as the “ing” form does not start the sentence. However, using the dangling modifier rule saves you time.
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Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2017
Posts: 194

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11 Sep 2017, 01:31
qwerty12321 wrote:
Defense attorneys have occasionally argued that their clients' misconduct stemmed from a reaction to something ingested, but in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy, the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions.

(A) in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy
(B) if criminal or delinquent behavior is attributed to an allergy to some food
(C) in attributing behavior that is criminal or delinquent to an allergy to some food
(D) if some food allergy is attributed as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior
(E) in attributing a food allergy as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior

How can (B) be the answer?
In MGMAT SC it is written that "use only one connector at a time".
In (B) there are two connectors placed together: 'but' and 'if'.

Thanks

I always thought BUT and IF can not be used together , maybe redundant

and if we are using BUT then a Independent clause would be coming next

CAN SOMEONE PLEASE EXPLAIN ME why I was wrong and what concept I missed?
Intern
Joined: 26 Apr 2017
Posts: 7
Location: Spain
GMAT 1: 600 Q47 V25
WE: Consulting (Consulting)

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11 Sep 2017, 06:18
Nice spoiler!

Next time.. try to hide your doubts.

Thanks!
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 813
Location: Bangalore, India

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11 Sep 2017, 07:41
rocko911 wrote:
I always thought BUT and IF can not be used together , maybe redundant

Hi rocko911, these are different words and not redundant. but establishes contrast, while if is a conditional construct.

Quote:
and if we are using BUT then a Independent clause would be coming next

A better way to remember this concept would be that there should be an Independent clause after but. Here, we do have an Independent clause after but:

the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Dependent and Independent clauses, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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11 Sep 2017, 20:00
qwerty12321 wrote:
Defense attorneys have occasionally argued that their clients' misconduct stemmed from a reaction to something ingested, but in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy, the perpetrators are in effect told that they are not responsible for their actions.

(A) in attributing criminal or delinquent behavior to some food allergy
(B) if criminal or delinquent behavior is attributed to an allergy to some food
(C) in attributing behavior that is criminal or delinquent to an allergy to some food
(D) if some food allergy is attributed as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior
(E) in attributing a food allergy as the cause of criminal or delinquent behavior

How can (B) be the answer?
In MGMAT SC it is written that "use only one connector at a time".
In (B) there are two connectors placed together: 'but' and 'if'.

Thanks

We have but before the underlined part so we need a full independent sentence after but
So only B and D remain
D is actually long
meaning is changes
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Re: Defense Attorneys   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2017, 20:00
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