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Demographers doing research for an international economics

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2010, 16:17
Its very late here but I'll give it a shot :)

Claim 1 Kuptala = lower average income per capita
Claim 2 Bahlton = higher average average income but >50% in poverty (much higher than Kuptala).

Argument: This doesn't make sense, one claim must be false.

One way this can be true is if the income divergence is substanially higher in Bahlton than Kuptala. Meaning, they have a few people earning all the money and the rest is living on the street. (Answer E)
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2011, 13:35
+1 E
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2011, 20:49
This one is like strenthen question -
"whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty." - you have to strengthen everything after "whereas" keeping in mind that both the claims are true. E does that since it means Kuptula is indeed NOT poor bcos Kuptula and Bahlton have different average per capital income.

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income) [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2013, 09:44
nusmavrik wrote:
P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

C : It does not critiques the argument.


Hi! Could you please elaborate on "C : It does not critiques the argument"?

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2013, 10:24
E, Per capita income is the average income for year. So only option E correctly critiques the conclusion.

Option E, correctly critiques the argument by pointing out, that the income of most of the people is very close to the average income(per capita);hence, the claims of both demographer's will hold.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2015, 10:19
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2015, 22:07
'avg per capita income', this is the crux.
So avg per capita income = total income of city/ population of city.
we need to weaken the argument. Now if City B has 10 really big big billionaires then even if there is 1000 people, the avg would be high. But if in City K there are no billionaires but all working people and pop is still 1000, then the avg would be well kinda avg, but there wouldnt be poor people as all in City K are working ! (assumption yea)
(A)It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.----- Just words. doesnt mean anything. so strike out
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it
had a precise and universally accepted meaning.--- Again just words. Strike out.
(C)It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.---- Ok, maybe. since City B could have much lower population and City K higher population. But look at the statement again. Nowhere does it speak about % of poverty with population. in fact the words say 'relatively rare in city K', which means poverty just is rare. So strike out.
(D)It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the
same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.--- Again words. Stirke out.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes
in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all
be very close to the country’s average per
capita income. ----[color=#0000ff] Now this is gonna fit exactly under the assumption.[/color]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 01:07
If we see the options , option E provides one loophole and that loophole is that it signifies the having a large number of people who have low income still the average income could be lesser than a country where few people are there but are extremely rich..hope this explanation helps.

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2016, 07:42
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Lets just say :-

Per Capita Income :- Kuptala<Bahlton

Poverty :- Kuptala<Bahlton

Both can only be true if There is a Huuuuuge Middle Class i.e. people earning the average.

hence option e..

I know everyone says dont bring outside knowledge, but question like these its okay if you try to learn it in a language that you are most comfortable in .

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2016, 05:35
Two extreme values in the set could alter the average and the obtained value is used to make an analysis for per capita calculation.

E points out this flaw

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2016, 16:02
E makes perfect sense.

Here's the logic: if K has income/capita < B's income/capita --> it is very possible that because K has a lower poverty rate than B then K's residents could be closer to the average ratio than B's residents are to theirs.

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2016, 02:49
snipertrader wrote:
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.


Deconstruct the argument:
Avg per capita income in B is higher than K. poverty in K is rare.

How we can achieve this condition at same time:
Lets say Avg for K is 100 and B is 200. Now if all people in K earns from range of 90-110 they are in range of average and NOT POOR. For B half of people earn around 400 and half earn 0. Then average will be around 200.

Check option with this possibility: "E"

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 01:35
Found the explanation at the following URL best-
https://crackverbal.com/forum/threads/q ... -research/
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 20:29
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Demographers doing research for an international economics [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2017, 02:11
I have one question for option B

1. Lets say having less than 100 USD is called poverty in Bahlton and having less than 10 USD is called poverty in Kuptala
Now if a person earns 30 USD, he will be declared Rich for Kaptala and Poor for Bahlton

Although E is correct. B is not wrong I think


Can some expert throw light why am i wrong?

snipertrader wrote:
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

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Demographers doing research for an international economics   [#permalink] 20 Dec 2017, 02:11

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