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# Demographers doing research for an international economics

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Re: CR : Weaken (demographers claim average per capita income)  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2013, 10:44
nusmavrik wrote:
P1 : Per ca pita income of K < B
P2 : Poverty is rare in K but half the population of B live in extreme poverty
Conclusion : One of the premises (claims) is wrong.

Well this argument is flawed because its making a hasty generalization. If the incomes (per ca pita income) in K are close to country's average then K is indeed prosperous. hence E.

C : It does not critiques the argument.

Hi! Could you please elaborate on "C : It does not critiques the argument"?
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2013, 11:24
E, Per capita income is the average income for year. So only option E correctly critiques the conclusion.

Option E, correctly critiques the argument by pointing out, that the income of most of the people is very close to the average income(per capita);hence, the claims of both demographer's will hold.
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2014, 14:32
Hi,
Could anyone please explain what's wrong with option (b).
If the term poverty doesn't has a universally accepted meaning and thus, in both nations, poverty has a different meaning, then may be in bahlton people who are referred to be living in extreme poverty, they are of the same economical level as people who are considered poor in kuptala.
Though option (e) is also right but I was mainly confused between these two options...

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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 04:40
Can anyone please explain why option A is incorrect.
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 22:33
2
suhaschan wrote:
Can anyone please explain why option A is incorrect.

Could you first explain why you feel (A) is correct? Is it because of the complicated language? If you come across such an option, you should skip to others to figure out if you have a clear winner in others. They use complicated language only to play with your mind. Don't get bogged down by it. Read it carefully and analyze it, if you must.

The conclusion says: At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The two claims are
Claim 1: average per capita income in Kuptala is substantially lower than that in Bahlton
Claim 2: poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty

Option (A) says: "It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without ..."
Option (A) says: "It rejects claim 1 without ..."

Does the conclusion reject claim 1? No, not at all! It says one of the two must be wrong. It doesn't reject either one.

So option (A) is wrong.
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 06:04
can someone please throw light on option "C " .
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2014, 22:27
vijaykumar1299 wrote:
can someone please throw light on option "C " .

The 'actual number of people living in poverty' has no relevance for our argument. We are discussing the percentage of population living in poverty and comparing that (which makes sense) - the 'actual number of people living in poverty' is not a comparable number and doesn't give any information about relative levels of poverty in the two countries. Hence, the actual number of people is irrelevant to our argument.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2015, 23:07
'avg per capita income', this is the crux.
So avg per capita income = total income of city/ population of city.
we need to weaken the argument. Now if City B has 10 really big big billionaires then even if there is 1000 people, the avg would be high. But if in City K there are no billionaires but all working people and pop is still 1000, then the avg would be well kinda avg, but there wouldnt be poor people as all in City K are working ! (assumption yea)
(A)It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.----- Just words. doesnt mean anything. so strike out
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it
had a precise and universally accepted meaning.--- Again just words. Strike out.
(C)It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.---- Ok, maybe. since City B could have much lower population and City K higher population. But look at the statement again. Nowhere does it speak about % of poverty with population. in fact the words say 'relatively rare in city K', which means poverty just is rare. So strike out.
(D)It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the
same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.--- Again words. Stirke out.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes
in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all
be very close to the country’s average per
capita income. ----[color=#0000ff] Now this is gonna fit exactly under the assumption.[/color]
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 02:07
If we see the options , option E provides one loophole and that loophole is that it signifies the having a large number of people who have low income still the average income could be lesser than a country where few people are there but are extremely rich..hope this explanation helps.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2016, 08:42
2
Lets just say :-

Per Capita Income :- Kuptala<Bahlton

Poverty :- Kuptala<Bahlton

Both can only be true if There is a Huuuuuge Middle Class i.e. people earning the average.

hence option e..

I know everyone says dont bring outside knowledge, but question like these its okay if you try to learn it in a language that you are most comfortable in .
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 06:35
Two extreme values in the set could alter the average and the obtained value is used to make an analysis for per capita calculation.

E points out this flaw
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 17:02
E makes perfect sense.

Here's the logic: if K has income/capita < B's income/capita --> it is very possible that because K has a lower poverty rate than B then K's residents could be closer to the average ratio than B's residents are to theirs.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2016, 03:49
Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

Deconstruct the argument:
Avg per capita income in B is higher than K. poverty in K is rare.

How we can achieve this condition at same time:
Lets say Avg for K is 100 and B is 200. Now if all people in K earns from range of 90-110 they are in range of average and NOT POOR. For B half of people earn around 400 and half earn 0. Then average will be around 200.

Check option with this possibility: "E"
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 02:35
Found the explanation at the following URL best-
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 21:29
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2017, 03:11
I have one question for option B

1. Lets say having less than 100 USD is called poverty in Bahlton and having less than 10 USD is called poverty in Kuptala
Now if a person earns 30 USD, he will be declared Rich for Kaptala and Poor for Bahlton

Although E is correct. B is not wrong I think

Can some expert throw light why am i wrong?

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.
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Re: Demographers doing research for an international economics  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2017, 03:14
Dear Expert,

I have one question for option B

1. Lets say having less than 100 USD is called poverty in Bahlton and having less than 10 USD is called poverty in Kuptala
Now if a person earns 30 USD, he will be declared Rich for Kaptala and Poor for Bahlton

Although E is correct. B is not wrong I think

Can you please tell me why am i wrong?
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 02:59
VeritasPrepKarishma
, the source of this question is so dubious.
I think gmat should have a forum for questions whose sources are not quite clear.
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 05:04
chesstitans wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma
, the source of this question is so dubious.
I think gmat should have a forum for questions whose sources are not quite clear.

Yes, the source of the question may not be known but the question is not ambiguous.
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Re: CR demographers doing research  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 09:26
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
chesstitans wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma
, the source of this question is so dubious.
I think gmat should have a forum for questions whose sources are not quite clear.

Yes, the source of the question may not be known but the question is not ambiguous.

hello, I still do not understand why B and C are incorrect?
Pls help me. Thank you.
Re: CR demographers doing research &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jan 2018, 09:26

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