GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 16 Dec 2018, 18:54

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### 10 Keys to nail DS and CR questions

December 17, 2018

December 17, 2018

06:00 PM PST

07:00 PM PST

Join our live webinar and learn how to approach Data Sufficiency and Critical Reasoning problems, how to identify the best way to solve each question and what most people do wrong.
• ### FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

December 16, 2018

December 16, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

# Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 14 Jun 2011
Posts: 10
Location: India
Schools: NUS,Rotterdam
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2011, 05:43
2
23
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

21% (02:16) correct 79% (02:05) wrong based on 1083 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, which is an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat’s genetic evolution and scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution and has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal.

Having descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution that has scarcely been sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, an exceedingly recent divergence with respect to genetic evolution and one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal.
Manager
Joined: 17 May 2010
Posts: 241
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V40

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2011, 18:52
1
I am going with B. A, C and D are out for obvious reasons. But why E? It seems long and unnecessarily awkward.
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me KUDOS!

Manager
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 193
Schools: UNC Duke Kellogg

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2011, 04:07
B is wrong -- "which" refers to 4000 years ago....It should refer to the period of 4000 years to be logical.

E it is -- although a bit long and awkward.
Intern
Joined: 27 Dec 2007
Posts: 48

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2011, 03:26
Whats wrong with D.?
Having - makes this one little unwanted. But what is wrong with this? E is unnecessary wordy.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4564
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2011, 07:10
1
1
Although E seems to be correct with the appositive promptly modifying the previous clause, still the choice leaves more queries unanswered than it does. It lacks the clear logical predication and the repetition of intended meaning of the original that GMAT expects to preserve.

First of all, what does the ‘4000 years’ refer to? Is it the end of the domestication or the beginning the domestication of the wild cat? If it is the beginning of the domestication, then the past tense verb ‘descended’ is not appropriate. You have to use a present perfect tense. (But not past perfect as in D). But if it means to signify that the dosmstication was over 4000 years ago, then the recent divergence has no relevance in the context. Because the term ‘recent divergence’ refers to the evolutionary changes that continued after 4000 years.

In addition, is ‘recent divergence’ sought to be used as a synonym for short time? If it is so, then it is clear distortion of meaning because you can’t equate divergence, a process of evolution with the time it takes

Can the originator of the passage give a clue?
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2015
Posts: 241
Re: Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2016, 06:37
daagh wrote:
Although E seems to be correct with the appositive promptly modifying the previous clause, still the choice leaves more queries unanswered than it does. It lacks the clear logical predication and the repetition of intended meaning of the original that GMAT expects to preserve.

First of all, what does the ‘4000 years’ refer to? Is it the end of the domestication or the beginning the domestication of the wild cat? If it is the beginning of the domestication, then the past tense verb ‘descended’ is not appropriate. You have to use a present perfect tense. (But not past perfect as in D). But if it means to signify that the dosmstication was over 4000 years ago, then the recent divergence has no relevance in the context. Because the term ‘recent divergence’ refers to the evolutionary changes that continued after 4000 years.

In addition, is ‘recent divergence’ sought to be used as a synonym for short time? If it is so, then it is clear distortion of meaning because you can’t equate divergence, a process of evolution with the time it takes

Can the originator of the passage give a clue?

How can descended from be used as a verb here in E? I feel this is incorrect as "descended from" means a literal descending ( verb)

I quote this question for queries

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

E is the right answer, as every other option uses descended in the verb form

Thanks
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2951
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Mar 2016, 09:47
rahulkashyap wrote:
daagh wrote:
Although E seems to be correct with the appositive promptly modifying the previous clause, still the choice leaves more queries unanswered than it does. It lacks the clear logical predication and the repetition of intended meaning of the original that GMAT expects to preserve.

First of all, what does the ‘4000 years’ refer to? Is it the end of the domestication or the beginning the domestication of the wild cat? If it is the beginning of the domestication, then the past tense verb ‘descended’ is not appropriate. You have to use a present perfect tense. (But not past perfect as in D). But if it means to signify that the dosmstication was over 4000 years ago, then the recent divergence has no relevance in the context. Because the term ‘recent divergence’ refers to the evolutionary changes that continued after 4000 years.

In addition, is ‘recent divergence’ sought to be used as a synonym for short time? If it is so, then it is clear distortion of meaning because you can’t equate divergence, a process of evolution with the time it takes

Can the originator of the passage give a clue?

How can descended from be used as a verb here in E? I feel this is incorrect as "descended from" means a literal descending ( verb)

I quote this question for queries

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

E is the right answer, as every other option uses descended in the verb form

Thanks

Hi Rahul,

Both forms would be correct - descended from and is descended from; the options A to D are wrong for other reasons as discussed in other posts, not because of usage of descended from. I have replied to a similar query of yours here:

descending-approximately-4-000-years-ago-from-the-african-67148-20.html#p1655504
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 374
Re: Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2017, 21:59
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4564
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2017, 09:32
Top Contributor
In this dubious issue, if one were to discount evolution as one that cannot actively or physically descend, then this topic will become infructuous as all of the choices point to an action verb of physical descent.
Why not B: considering that the one side of the marker 'and ' is a clause and the other side is an adjectival phrase, B is unparallel.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Joined: 04 Feb 2017
Posts: 12
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Human Resources
WE: Sales (Manufacturing)
Re: Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Nov 2017, 18:25
Experts,
Unable to decide whether to chose B or E.
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
Error identification:
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat : Should modify domestic cats.
Usage of Pronoun: ???it??? seems to be correct, as it clearly refers back to antecedent 4000yrs.
POE :
A: Wrong for reason mentioned above.
B: The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, which is an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat???s genetic evolution and scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
SV Pair : Domestic cat and descended is correct.
Usage of which: after a comma is correct for 4000yrs.
Overall choice seems correct, keep it for now.
C: Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution and has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal.
Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago: Modifies domestic cat, OK.
And has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal. : Improper connection with the previous clause.
Marked it as wrong.
D: Having descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution that has scarcely been sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
Similar to Option C ???has scarcely been sufficient????????? is not correctly attached to the previous clause
Marked it as wrong.

E :The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, an exceedingly recent divergence with respect to genetic evolution and one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal
Initially seemed confusing but when to got the gist of the sentence I realized it???s short and to the point. Keep it.
My request: Pl evaluate the reasons marked in POE, correct me if they are wrong.
Confused b/w B and E.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2951
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2017, 06:51
SAHILJPR wrote:
Experts,
Unable to decide whether to chose B or E.
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
Error identification:
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat : Should modify domestic cats.
Usage of Pronoun: ???it??? seems to be correct, as it clearly refers back to antecedent 4000yrs.
POE :
A: Wrong for reason mentioned above.
B: The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, which is an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat???s genetic evolution and scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
SV Pair : Domestic cat and descended is correct.
Usage of which: after a comma is correct for 4000yrs.
Overall choice seems correct, keep it for now.
C: Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution and has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal.
Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago: Modifies domestic cat, OK.
And has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal. : Improper connection with the previous clause.
Marked it as wrong.
D: Having descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution that has scarcely been sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.
Similar to Option C ???has scarcely been sufficient????????? is not correctly attached to the previous clause
Marked it as wrong.

E :The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, an exceedingly recent divergence with respect to genetic evolution and one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal
Initially seemed confusing but when to got the gist of the sentence I realized it???s short and to the point. Keep it.
My request: Pl evaluate the reasons marked in POE, correct me if they are wrong.
Confused b/w B and E.

In my opinion both B and E are wrong.

The decent happened at a point of time 4000 years ago - in option E, that point of time is referred to as "recent" with respect to genetic evolution. In option B, the period of time between that point and today (i.e. the last 4000 years) is referred to as "short". A point of time can be recent, not short; hence option B is wrong.

However if you look at the last part of the sentence ("one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal"), then a time period is referred to, not a point of time - a time period can be sufficient to allow the changes, not a point of time. Thus option E is also WRONG because the pronoun "one" should refer to a time period, not a point of time - there is no antecedent (time period) for "one".
Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2017
Posts: 84
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2017, 18:45
mandald wrote:
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, which is an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat’s genetic evolution and scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution and has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal.

Having descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution that has scarcely been sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal.

The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, an exceedingly recent divergence with respect to genetic evolution and one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal.

The answer is E. All other answer choices sound awkward. Choices E and B place the subject (i.e. domestic cat) at the beginning of the sentence; however, B uses "which" to introduce a specific modifier clause (i.e. the cat's genetic evolution). On the other hand, choice E uses "which" correctly, because "which" modifies a general modifier clause -- genetic evolution as a whole. A is wrong because of the position of"domestic cat"; also, the reference of "it" is unclear. In option C, "has" is used incorrectly. Option D splits "has been", and the preposition "for" is used incorrectly, seeing as "for" means purpose -- there is no purpose regarding genetic evolution and time. The preposition "to" means, in this context, direction and time; "to" expresses the relationship between "recent divergence" and "generic evolution" better than "for"; therefore, after eliminating all other choices, E remains.

Hope this helps.
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 234
Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2018, 00:39
Is it a real gmat question?
I am quite sure that A,B, and C are all wrong.
I chose D.
There are many explanations, and I hope I have time to read them all.
SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1645
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2018, 00:52
aaba wrote:
Is it a real gmat question?
I am quite sure that A,B, and C are all wrong.
I chose D.
There are many explanations, and I hope I have time to read them all.

this question seems one of questions from manhattan, a reliable source.
You are right when you eliminate A,B, and C.
E is correct here, but many experts say E still has many unsolved problems.
Intern
Joined: 16 Dec 2014
Posts: 6
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jan 2018, 06:20
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it

A. Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African wildcat, it has been an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat with respect to genetic evolution and it scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes that transformed the animal. - The modifier is modifying "it" instead of the intended 'domestic cat'

B. The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, which is an exceedingly short time for the domestic cat’s genetic evolution and scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal. - 4,000 years ago is a point in time , not a period

c. Descending from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution and has been scarcely sufficient for the marked physical changes in the animal. - the period for the cat to evolve has been scarcely sufficient not the cat itself

D.Having descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, the domestic cat has had an exceedingly short time for its genetic evolution that has scarcely been sufficient for the marked physical changes that transformed the animal. 1. For indicates that the cat has an intention to evolve and 2.the 'that' here modifies the domestic cat's evolution rather than the time period to the domestic cat to evolve

E. The domestic cat descended from the African wildcat approximately 4,000 years ago, an exceedingly recent divergence with respect to genetic evolution and one which scarcely seems sufficient to allow the marked physical changes in the animal. -Correct
Descending approximately 4,000 years ago from the African &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jan 2018, 06:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by