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# Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated

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Intern
Joined: 28 Oct 2012
Posts: 4
Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 10:41
7
2
Question 1
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based on 228 sessions

44% (02:30) correct 56% (02:43) wrong

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Question 2
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based on 211 sessions

56% (01:13) correct 44% (01:17) wrong

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Question 3
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based on 209 sessions

37% (00:43) correct 63% (00:47) wrong

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Question 4
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based on 206 sessions

56% (01:14) correct 44% (01:35) wrong

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Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated physiological behavioral traits that aid survival in arid conditions. Some send out long, unusually deep taproots; others utilize shallow but widespread roots, which allow them to absorb large, intermittent flows of water. Certain plants protect their access to water. The creosote bush produces a potent root toxin which inhibits the growth of competing root systems. Daytime closure of stomata exemplifies a further genetic adaptation; guard cells work to minimize daytime water loss, later allowing the stomata to open when conditions are more favorable to gas exchange with the environment. Certain adaptations reflect the principle that a large surface area facilitates water and gas exchange. Most plants have small leaves, modified leaves (spines), or no leaves at all. The main food-producing organ is not the leaf but the stem, which is often green and non-woody. Thick, waxy stems and cuticles, seen in succulents such as cacti and agaves, also help conserve water. Spines and thorns (modified branches) protect against predators and also minimize water loss.
7. The passage refers to the spines and thorns of desert plants as
I. genetically evolved structural adaptations that protect against predation
II. genetic modifications that aid in the reduction of water loss
III. structures that do not participate directly in food production
(A) I only
(B) III only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II and III

8) The author suggest that the guard cells of desert plants act to do which of the following?
I. Facilitate gas and water exchange between the plants and their surroundings
II. Cause the stomata of desert plants to remain closed during daytime hours
III. Respond to sudden, heavy rainfalls by forcing the plants’ stomata to open
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) I, II, and III

9. The passage suggests that which of the following weather-related conditions would most benefit plants with shallow root systems?
(A) An unusually prolonged drought
(B) A windstorm
(C) A flash flood
(D) A light spring rain
(E) A winter snowfall

10. The adaptations of desert plants to their environment would tend to support the statement that
(A) the rate of genetic evolution is greater in the desert than in more temperate surroundings
(B) structures in a plant which usually perform one function may, under certain conditions, perform different functions
(C) while the amount of leaf surface area is critical for a desert plant, it is much less so for plants in most other environments
(D) desert plants do not have many physiological and behavioral traits in common with other plants
(E) desert plants could probably adapt to life in a variety of harsh ecosystems

Intern
Joined: 20 May 2012
Posts: 4
Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2012, 12:37
1
Can the OAs be posted for this?
Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2012
Posts: 2
Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 06:02
1
I found this passage in the Kaplan Gmat Verbal Workbook.
The OAs are:
7) E
8) D
9) C
10) B
Intern
Joined: 19 May 2012
Posts: 30
Location: India
GMAT Date: 03-03-2014
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2013, 18:59
1
easy one.....took 5mins in total and got all correct...
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crazy4priya
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Status: You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 19:06
2
I think an answer to question no 7 is not correct. because in the paragraph it is written: "the main food-producing organ is not the leaf but the stem". And it means spines and leaves are not main food processing organ so it may subsidiary food producing organs.
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 23:14
1
daboo343 wrote:
I think an answer to question no 7 is not correct. because in the paragraph it is written: "the main food-producing organ is not the leaf but the stem". And it means spines and leaves are not main food processing organ so it may subsidiary food producing organs.

Even i have the same doubt. Its not implied anywhere that they take part indirectly. It could happen that they may directly take part in a reduced role!
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2017, 06:42
2
can anyone explain the answer choice in qsn no 9
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2017, 07:09
3
techiesam wrote:
can anyone explain the answer choice in qsn no 9

"others utilize shallow but widespread roots, which allow them to absorb large, intermittent flows of water"
This above sentence form the passage tells us that they are adapted to absorb water thats not regular.
The only option that matches this is a flash flood. Because Floods aren't regular.

Hope its clear.
Manager
Joined: 28 Apr 2016
Posts: 89
Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 03:27
1
Can some expert help me with this:

in the first question, I did not consider I and II as appropriate answers because the passage doesn't refer to spines and thorns as 'genetic' modifications, or 'genetic' evolution. They are simply referred to as 'evolution' or modification'. Aren't we supposed to stick to words used in the passage?
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 16:46
about the question 7, since I and III are correct, hence E is the answer?
In other words, genetic modification seems to use the knowledge outside the gmat.
Anyone can help me with this pls?
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 862
Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 23:53
1
this is descriptive passage which describe somthing. this is not typical of gmat passage which are argument in which many idea is explained and hard to understand.
we should not do this passage though the questions are not easy .
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2018, 04:07
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Re: Desert plant populations have evolved sophisticated &nbs [#permalink] 28 Nov 2018, 04:07
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