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# Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not

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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 10:31
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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 15 Aug 2017, 17:13, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted the question.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 10:41
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My Ans - D
Reason -
1) earth's crust should immediately follow the action i.e "covering the entire planet" because it is the one actually covering the planet.
2) Parallelisim - Earth's crust is Neither x, nor y, but rather z. X, Y and Z should be parallel.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 18:04
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First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) .
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2012, 02:42
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ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) .

Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ?
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2012, 04:04
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ankurjaini wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) .

Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ?
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

Correct. I felt the same thing and eliminated D.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2012, 09:28
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Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2012, 09:33
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Dont you think but and rather redundant ????

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2012, 10:28
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shamilshah22 wrote:
Dont you think but and rather redundant ????

Hi there,

I would not say "rather" is redundant in presence of "but" because "but" presents contrast, while "rather" is used to show preference for one thing over the other. Another usage of "rather" includes expressing emphatic affirmation or acceptance. In this sentence, "rather" has been used to show that emphasis of the acceptance that Eath's crust is actually fragmented into mobile semirigid plates even though it covers the entire planet.

Take for example these couple of sentences from different articles published in nytimes.com:

1. There is no dialogue, no linear story, but rather an hour’s worth of scenes in which puppets illuminate an abstract cycle of poems.
2. Erik D. Prince, chief executive of Blackwater USA, told a Congressional committee on Tuesday that his company’s nearly 1,000 armed guards in Iraq were not trigger-happy mercenaries, but rather loyal Americans doing a necessary job in hostile territory.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2013, 07:53

Thanks for the explanation above.
I have two questions regarding this problem.

1) Can I exclude choice B by using the logic that since "is" is coming before neither it should not come after nor. Is it the same logic as you have explained.
2) In correct choice D, but is coming after comma so doesn't it becomes and Independent clause. But then I do not see a subject in that clause?

Thanks a lot,
Sugandha

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2013, 14:28
scp wrote:

Thanks for the explanation above.
I have two questions regarding this problem.

1) Can I exclude choice B by using the logic that since "is" is coming before neither it should not come after nor. Is it the same logic as you have explained.
2) In correct choice D, but is coming after comma so doesn't it becomes and Independent clause. But then I do not see a subject in that clause?

Thanks a lot,
Sugandha

@Sugandha,
Can I also put my idea ?
1. Yes. Correct construction is neither X nor Y, where X and Y should be parallel. In option B, X and Y are seamless and 'is it stationary'. They are not parallel.
2. You mean correct should be as below?
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented into .. ( including subject it)

Consider similar construction. M is neither X nor Y, but rather Z.
Here X, Y and Z should be parallel. In this case, usage of it would make Z as a clause whereas, seamless and stationary are just adjectives.

D says,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semi rigid plates.. All are parallel.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2013, 00:11
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

But in 'D'
the idiom construction should be not 'X' but rather 'Y'
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2013, 15:44
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.

br//
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 07:49
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suryav wrote:
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.

Hi Surya and Aristocrat,

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice D.

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates.

We need to understand what the contrasting information in this sentence is. The contrasting information is that although the earth’s crust covers the entire planet, it is fragmented and not seamless.

So here “although” is not used against “but” in that the two contrasting words are negated. ”but” has been used to express the contrast that the earth’s crust is not seamless but is fragmented. So there are actually two points of contrast –
A. Earth crust covers whole planet, but it is not seamless.
B. Earth crust is not seamless but is segmented.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 15:09
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2013, 07:46
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thangvietnam wrote:
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?

Hi thangvietnam,

1. despite + noun is a the correct idiom. Example: Despite heavy snow, we went to the concert.

2. depite + verb-ing (doing) is also a correct idiom where verb-ing is a noun. Example: Despite finishing all her work on time, Mary could not go to meet her friend.

Both these usages of "despite" is correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2013, 23:10
egmat wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?

Hi thangvietnam,

1. despite + noun is a the correct idiom. Example: Despite heavy snow, we went to the concert.

2. depite + verb-ing (doing) is also a correct idiom where verb-ing is a noun. Example: Despite finishing all her work on time, Mary could not go to meet her friend.

Both these usages of "despite" is correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

More on Despite and Although usage
This OG13 question has the following explanation for Although and Despite usage -
"Despite and Although are very close in meaning. However Despite is a preposition and needs to be followed by a noun or a noun phrase, while although is a conjunction and should be followed by a finite clause. Pardon my grammatical ignorance for asking this but can you elaborate on the usage in case of Finite clause for Although and Noun phrase for Despite. I gather the following from the explanation. Please correct me if am wrong.
Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary. - CORRECT (Is Despite followed by a noun phrase - covering the entire planet here???)
Although covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary. - INCORRECT (Although followed by a noun phrase and not a clause)
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary -CORRECT (Although followed by a noun phrase)
Is my understanding correct??

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2013, 23:50
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In SC question, there are always more than one errors. This question is an oddies but goodies example of the use idiom "neither x nor y" and the use of "although" and "despite"".

Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
>>> WRONG. right structure should be "not x or y, rather z"

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is >>>> WRONG. Right idiom should be "neither x nor y", not "neither x nor is y"

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather >>> WRONG. Same reason as B

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather >>> CORRECT. Right idiom "neither x nor y". The use of "although" is correct. After "although" always is a clause.

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but >>>> WRONG. Because "covering" does not modify Earth, it modifies "Earth's crust"

Hope it helps.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 02:02
pqhai wrote:
In SC question, there are always more than one errors. This question is an oddies but goodies example of the use idiom "neither x nor y" and the use of "although" and "despite"".

Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
>>> WRONG. right structure should be "not x or y, rather z"

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is >>>> WRONG. Right idiom should be "neither x nor y", not "neither x nor is y"

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather >>> WRONG. Same reason as B

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather >>> CORRECT. Right idiom "neither x nor y". The use of "although" is correct. After "although" always is a clause.

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but >>>> WRONG. Because "covering" does not modify Earth, it modifies "Earth's crust"

Hope it helps.

Thanks for the explanation, however what I needed the clarification on was whether this sentence was correct or not -
Although covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary. - Note that I had changed Earth to Earth's crust, but even then as per the OG, Although's use in this sentence would still be wrong.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2013, 23:02
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Can you throw some light on the antecedents of "it" in the answer choices as in most of the cases "it" doesnot have any antecedent

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2013, 23:14
Quick doubts on this one .
Hope someone would help me.

(1). Can DESPITE precede anything other than NOUN, as explained by some poster that DESPITE can follow VERBING modifier?

(2). Does 'ALTHOUGH' always precedes a CLAUSE/WHOLE IDEA?

Query pertaining to the question:

Earth's crust fragmented into mobile semi rigid plates. (Per OG12 it is correct!)

But IMO it should be

Earth's crust is fragmented into mobile semi rigid plates. (As per me)

E-gmat verb-ed article states that ' When encounter VERB-ed' check for the doer of the action . Here , fragmenting is not done by the crust but it is a natural phenomenon.

EC fragmented wouldn't be || to EC is N seamless NOR stationary.
EC is fragmented would be || to EC is N seamless NOR stationary
.

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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2013, 23:14

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