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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not

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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.


(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but


Earth: The Making, Shaping and Workings of a Planet Hardcover – October 1, 1992
by Derek Elsom (Author)

Although it covers the entire planet, the Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but is fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates. The seven giant plates and many smaller ones jostle one another continuously as they are constantly

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Originally posted by betterscore on 27 Jul 2012, 09:31.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Oct 2018, 01:17, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2012, 17:04
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First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2013, 22:50
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In SC question, there are always more than one errors. This question is an oddies but goodies example of the use idiom "neither x nor y" and the use of "although" and "despite"".

Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
>>> WRONG. right structure should be "not x or y, rather z"

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is >>>> WRONG. Right idiom should be "neither x nor y", not "neither x nor is y"

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather >>> WRONG. Same reason as B

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather >>> CORRECT. Right idiom "neither x nor y". The use of "although" is correct. After "although" always is a clause.

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but >>>> WRONG. Because "covering" does not modify Earth, it modifies "Earth's crust"

Hope it helps.
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New post 01 Aug 2012, 09:28
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shamilshah22 wrote:
Dont you think but and rather redundant ????


Hi there,

I would not say "rather" is redundant in presence of "but" because "but" presents contrast, while "rather" is used to show preference for one thing over the other. Another usage of "rather" includes expressing emphatic affirmation or acceptance. In this sentence, "rather" has been used to show that emphasis of the acceptance that Eath's crust is actually fragmented into mobile semirigid plates even though it covers the entire planet.

Take for example these couple of sentences from different articles published in nytimes.com:

1. There is no dialogue, no linear story, but rather an hour’s worth of scenes in which puppets illuminate an abstract cycle of poems.
2. Erik D. Prince, chief executive of Blackwater USA, told a Congressional committee on Tuesday that his company’s nearly 1,000 armed guards in Iraq were not trigger-happy mercenaries, but rather loyal Americans doing a necessary job in hostile territory.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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New post 04 Feb 2013, 06:49
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suryav wrote:
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.


Hi Surya and Aristocrat,

This is the sentence with the correct answer choice D.

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather fragmented into mobile semi-rigid plates.

We need to understand what the contrasting information in this sentence is. The contrasting information is that although the earth’s crust covers the entire planet, it is fragmented and not seamless.

So here “although” is not used against “but” in that the two contrasting words are negated. ”but” has been used to express the contrast that the earth’s crust is not seamless but is fragmented. So there are actually two points of contrast –
A. Earth crust covers whole planet, but it is not seamless.
B. Earth crust is not seamless but is segmented.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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New post 01 Aug 2012, 08:28
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Hi there,

Let’s examine Choice B:
Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is:
1. This choice uses neither X nor Y where X and Y should be parallel. However,
X = seamless (adjective)
Y = is it stationary (clause)
These entities are not parallel.

2. Also in a statement, a subject is followed by a verb. Here the verb is followed is by the subject. This structure is used in questions. For example: Where were you all this while? In this choice “is it stationary” follows a structure that is used in question.

Now let’s analyze choice D, the correct answer:
Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather:
In this choice neither is followed by “seamless”, an adjective, and nor is followed by “stationary”, another adjective. This choice is absolutely correct.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2012, 09:41
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My Ans - D
Reason -
1) earth's crust should immediately follow the action i.e "covering the entire planet" because it is the one actually covering the planet.
2) Parallelisim - Earth's crust is Neither x, nor y, but rather z. X, Y and Z should be parallel.
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New post 01 Aug 2012, 01:42
3
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).


Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ? :roll:
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

Please clarify.
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New post 05 Feb 2013, 06:46
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thangvietnam wrote:
despite +noun
is idiomatic

despite +doing

is not idiomatic

is that correct?


Hi thangvietnam,

1. despite + noun is a the correct idiom. Example: Despite heavy snow, we went to the concert.

2. depite + verb-ing (doing) is also a correct idiom where verb-ing is a noun. Example: Despite finishing all her work on time, Mary could not go to meet her friend.

Both these usages of "despite" is correct.

Hope this helps. :)
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New post 03 Sep 2013, 10:44
2
gmacmustbecrazy wrote:
I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?

Dear gmacmustbecrazy,
That's an excellent question, and I'm happy to respond. :-)

Using "but" and "rather" together does sound very deliberate, as if the writer wants to make absolutely sure that we get the contrast in the sentence, but it's not actually redundant. This is a very subtle point. I don't know how much outside reading you do, but in sophisticated reading (the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Economist magazine, ...) you will find the "but rather" construction occasionally. Doing this kind of sophisticated reading, over and above your GMAT preparation, would probably be the best way to develop an ear for these very subtle boundaries --- here, for example, we have the mild inflection between appropriately emphatic vs. redundant.

Here's a blog about reading for the GMAT:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-reading-list/

Here's a free lesson video on redundancy:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/lessons/920-avoid-redundancy

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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New post 13 Sep 2013, 21:08
2
Hi e-gmat,

Sunspots, vortices of gas associated with strong
electromagnetic activity, are visible as dark spots on
the surface of the Sun but,have never been sighted on
the Sun's poles or equator.
(A) are visible as dark spots on the surface of the
Sun but have never been sighted on
(B) are visible as dark spots that never have been
sighted on the surface of the Sun
(C) appear on the surface of the Sun as dark spots
although never sighted at
(D) appear as dark spots on the surface of the Sun,
although never having been sighted at
(E) appear as dark spots on the Sun's surface,
which have never been sighted on

OG13 in rejecting (C) gives below reasoning:

Although typically introduces a subordinate
clause, which has a subject and a verb,but
here there is no subject and sighted'is not a
complete verb.
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New post 19 Mar 2018, 10:37
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betterscore wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but



Important: When a sentence begins with a with noun modifier (as it does in the original sentence), stop at the comma and ask the question that the modifier raises

So, once we read, Despite its covering the entire planet, we should stop and ask . . .

"What covers the entire planet?"

If the sentence is properly constructed, the part that immediately follows the comma will answer that question in a logical manner.

Reading on we get...
A) Earth...
Earth covers the entire planet?
Makes no sense. Eliminate A

B) Earth's crust
Earth's crust covers the entire planet.
Makes sense. Keep B

C) Earth's crust
Makes sense. Keep C

D) Earth's crust
Makes sense. Keep D

E) Earth...
Makes no sense. Eliminate E

We're left with B, C and D. So, we'll look for other issues.

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
Here we have the NEITHER/NOR correlative
So, the parts that immediately follow NEITHER and NOR must be parallel
Here we have ... Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR is it stationary
seamless = adjective
is it stationary = verb-pronoun-adjective
Not parallel.
Eliminate B

(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR is it stationary
This construction suffers from the same issue that we found in answer choice B
Eliminate C

By the process of elimination, D must be the correct answer.

ASIDE: Let's take a look at D for kicks.
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is NEITHER seamless NOR stationary
PERFECT - seamless and stationary are both adjectives.
Parallelism is maintained.

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent
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New post 01 Aug 2012, 03:04
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ankurjaini wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
First off, we need to figure out what is 'covering the entire planet.' 'Earth' would not make sense as earth does not cover earth. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, the construction is NEITHER X NOR Y. Eliminate (B) and (C). Both contain 'it.' And just like that the answer is (D) :).


Hi, here in the option D, isn't 'but' and 'rather' redundant ? :roll:
To me this sentence sounds awkward -> ".... seamless nor stationary, but rather it is fragmented... "
That's the reason I choose B, though the construction NEITHER X NOR Y was not being followed there.

Please clarify.


Correct. I felt the same thing and eliminated D.
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New post 03 Sep 2013, 22:23
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gmacmustbecrazy wrote:
Despite its covering the entire planet. Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.
(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has
a crust that is not seamless or stationary,
rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet,
Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it
stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust
is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but
rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's
crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but
rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a
crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

I understand that there is a dangling modifier in this sentence and hence D would be the most appropriate option. However, isn't "but rather" redundant?


It made me spend some time with the question and spend some time with the definition of the word "rather". http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rather

When the word "rather" is used to mean "INSTEAD", "but rather" brings out the intended contrast and emphasis both together.

I'd rather (=sorry :) ) be suspicious about the words "although" and "but" in the same sentence as redendant. But , not in this sentence.

I think the usage here very similar to NOT X BUT RATHER Y (more emphatic on the importance of Y) -- vs -- NOT X BUT Y (a mere expectation reset in favour of Y)
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New post 08 May 2017, 05:15
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SB0512 wrote:
Hi,I have a doubt in Choice D as comma +FANBOYS("BUT" in this case ) is used when you connect two ICs.But in choice D after "comma+ But" we have a Dependent clause. ?

Please clarify..


Consider the idiom "NOT X, BUT Y". The comma before "BUT" is required for this idiom. The sentence in the subject question has the same structure as this idiom: only instead of "NOT", "NEITHER....NOR..." is used. So here the modified idiom is:

"NEITHER A NOR B, BUT Y".
Thus the comma before "BUT" is required.
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New post 05 Sep 2017, 13:51
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goalMBA1990 wrote:

Is usage of "but rather" not redundant?



Hello goalMBA1990,


I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Redundancy error occurs when two words having the same meaning is used in a sentence to express the same idea. For example:

1. Every year, she donates a good proportion of salary annually to various charities.

2. Although he was sick, but he attended the meeting.


As you can see, in sentence 1, use of every year and annually together leads to redundancy error because both the words convey the same meaning.

Similarly, in sentence 2, use of although and but together leads to redundancy error because both the words suggest contrast.

However, the expression but rather does not lead to redundancy because but presents contrast and rather presents preference.

The expression but rather is correct and idiomatic on GMAT SC.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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New post 25 Oct 2018, 14:21
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Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on both modifiers and idiomatic structure! Let's start by looking closely at the original question, and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

After a quick glance over the options, we have 3 main things we can focus on:

1. How they begin (modifier-antecedent agreement)
2. Earth has a crust / Earth's crust (modifier-antecedent agreement)
3. not/neither seamless or/nor stationary (idioms)


Since #1 and #2 deal with the same grammar issue (modifier-antecedent agreement), let's start there. When we deal with modifiers on the GMAT, the first thing we should focus on is if the modifier is directly before/after the word it's modifying.

The modifiers at the beginning of each option are supposed to refer to the Earth's crust - NOT the Earth as a whole!

Here is now our options handle the modifier at the beginning of the sentence:

(A) Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is
(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather
(E) Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

We can rule out options A & E because the modifier should refer to the Earth's crust, rather than the Earth as a whole. The Earth cannot cover itself!

Now that we only have a few options left, let's focus on #3 on our list: neither...nor. Since they all include the word "neither," we need to make sure they all follow this format:

Neither X nor Y
(where X and Y are written using parallel wording or structure)

Let's see how each option handles this:

(B) Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is --> neither X nor is it Y = WRONG/NOT PARALLEL
(C) Despite covering the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather --> neither X nor is it Y = WRONG/NOT PARALLEL
(D) Although it covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather --> neither X nor Y = CORRECT!

There you have it - option D is the right option because it uses the correct "neither X nor Y" idiomatic structure, and it uses modifiers correctly!


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New post 21 May 2019, 06:35
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Aastha2807 wrote:
Hi, the first "it" does not have a clearly mentioned precedent, is the option still considered correct?

Although [u]it[/u] covers the entire planet, Earth's crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

Hi Aastha, this is one of those cases where the pronoun is used before the antecedent.

When a pronoun is used as part of introductory modifier (in this case Although it covers the entire planet), the pronoun (it in this case) refers to the noun immediately after the introductory modifier, in this case Earth's crust.

For example:

Although she knows most of the concepts, Aastha was not aware of this specific pronoun rule. :)

Here, she is unambiguously referring to Aastha.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses such cases (where Pronoun is used before the antecedent), its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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New post 01 Aug 2012, 08:33
Dont you think but and rather redundant ????

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New post 03 Feb 2013, 14:44
hi,
i rejected D & E bcoz although(subordinator) and but(coordinating conjunction) can't go together.
pls help in this.

br//
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Re: Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2013, 14:44

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