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Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular

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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2012, 22:30
jugolo1 wrote:
Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronary arteries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

(A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reversehardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
(B) Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(C) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that to refrain from eating certain foods could
(D) Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(E) Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can


All options other than B & E can e eliminated jus bcz of Sub Verb Agreement.. B - wordy&awkward, So E is my take..
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2012, 01:39
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Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronary arteries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

(A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
(B) Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(C) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that to refrain from eating certain foods could
(D) Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(E) Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can


ExuberantRahul wrote:
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
Guys,

why D is wwrong??

I thought, option E is too wordy...
whts OA?



Official answer is "E" .

In option D , Although not proved is wordy
But I have a doubt regarding IT in option E. I also marked D :oops:



One thing that is wrong in D: "...that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries..."
Here consumption is the singular subject for the verb reverse. So reverse is wrong here, it should be reverseS.

Moreover, the sentence " Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries" doesn't sound good as what is "not proved" is not clear by placing it at the starting of the sentence.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

Both any and particular are singular qualifiers qualifying 'foods'. E corrects this anomaly, hence E.
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2013, 23:16
A. The consumption is singular therefore requires "reverses". For the same reason, eliminate C and D.
B. It is the consumption and not the food itself that might reverse the hardening of arteries. Eliminate B.

Answer: E
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Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular food [#permalink]

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Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronory aryeries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

a) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

b)Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

c) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

d)Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

e)Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

what does 'IT' refers to ?
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Originally posted by 2013gmat on 01 Sep 2013, 00:17.
Last edited by pqhai on 01 Sep 2013, 10:55, edited 1 time in total.
Please underline the question.
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular food [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 00:24
2013gmat wrote:
what does 'IT' refers to ?

It clearly refers to consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular food [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 11:17
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2013gmat wrote:
Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronory aryeries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

a) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

b)Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

c) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

d)Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

e)Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

what does 'IT' refers to ?


Hi 2013gmat.

This question is about the usage of "placeholder IT".
Some times it would be nice to move an awkward subject or object to the back of the sentence. In these cases, we can put an it in the sentence where the subject or object used to be. We call this use of it "placeholder IT". Do NOT look for a noun antecedent for a Placeholder IT.

There are three situations in which you might can use Placeholder It on the GMAT.

(1) Postpone infinitive subjects:
Awkward: TO RESIST temptation is futile
Better: IT is futile TO RESIST temptation.

(2) Postpone That-clause Subjects.
Awkward: THAT we scored at all gave us encouragement.
Better: It gave use encouragement THAT we scored at all.

(3) Postpone infinitive or That-clause Objects.
Right: She made IT possible for us TO ATTEND the movie.

Source: MGMAT Sentence Correction.

Now, back to your question.

Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronory aryeries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

a) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
Wrong.
- "Despite no proof that" is barely used. "Despite..." itself often indicates negative contrast, so "despite no proof" seems to be double negative. "Despite the fact that" is CORRECT usage.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "reverse" is wrong. Should be "reverses"


b)Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Wrong.
- Meaning problem: "no food....proved to reverse.....when consumed" <== "consumed" is past tense and ACTIVE voice. It means the food proved abc.... when it consumes something? It's illogical. The food should BE consumed (passive voice). To make the sentence clear, we need an auxiliary verb before "consumed" to change the sentence from active voice to passive voice.

c) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
Wrong.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "have" is wrong.

d)Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Wrong.
- "Although not proved that" is wrong grammar. "Although + clause" is correct.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "reverse" is wrong.

e)Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Correct.
- "It" is placeholder it. Do not look for its antecedent, because there is NO antecedent of "it" in the sentence. Placeholder IT moves the That-clause to the back, making the sentence better.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular food [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 14:24
The IT used in OPTION E is a " Place Holder IT". It refers to 'consumption of food'
Answer-E
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronary arteries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.


(A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
I see a subject verb agreement issue here. consumption and reverse
(B) Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
having been is awkward and unecessary
(C) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that to refrain from eating certain foods could
we have few errors here, among them we spot the subject verb agreement (consumption-have been)
(D) Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
subject verb agreement once again
(E) Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
The main issue has been fixed, looks good
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2015, 08:51
raghavs wrote:
5. Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronary arteries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.
(A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
(B) Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(C) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that to refrain from eating certain foods could
(D) Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
(E) Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can


[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA E

A is incorrect since verb "reverse" lacks "s". The same mistake with C and D
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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This is mainly an SV play.

(A) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could --SV error
(B) Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can – 'when consumed' may mean that they are effective when consumed and perhaps not after.
(C) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that to refrain from eating certain foods could--- SV error
(D) Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can – SV error
(E) Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can ---- ok – no SV error or meaning error.

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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular food [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 04:56
pqhai wrote:
2013gmat wrote:
Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronory aryeries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

a) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

b)Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

c) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could

d)Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

e)Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can

what does 'IT' refers to ?


Hi 2013gmat.

This question is about the usage of "placeholder IT".
Some times it would be nice to move an awkward subject or object to the back of the sentence. In these cases, we can put an it in the sentence where the subject or object used to be. We call this use of it "placeholder IT". Do NOT look for a noun antecedent for a Placeholder IT.

There are three situations in which you might can use Placeholder It on the GMAT.

(1) Postpone infinitive subjects:
Awkward: TO RESIST temptation is futile
Better: IT is futile TO RESIST temptation.

(2) Postpone That-clause Subjects.
Awkward: THAT we scored at all gave us encouragement.
Better: It gave use encouragement THAT we scored at all.

(3) Postpone infinitive or That-clause Objects.
Right: She made IT possible for us TO ATTEND the movie.

Source: MGMAT Sentence Correction.

Now, back to your question.

Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could help reverse blockage of coronory aryeries, the blood vessels that feed the heart.

a) Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
Wrong.
- "Despite no proof that" is barely used. "Despite..." itself often indicates negative contrast, so "despite no proof" seems to be double negative. "Despite the fact that" is CORRECT usage.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "reverse" is wrong. Should be "reverses"


b)Despite no foods having been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries when consumed, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Wrong.
- Meaning problem: "no food....proved to reverse.....when consumed" <== "consumed" is past tense and ACTIVE voice. It means the food proved abc.... when it consumes something? It's illogical. The food should BE consumed (passive voice). To make the sentence clear, we need an auxiliary verb before "consumed" to change the sentence from active voice to passive voice.

c) Although the consumption of no particular foods have been proved to reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods could
Wrong.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "have" is wrong.

d)Although not proved that the consumption of any foods reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Wrong.
- "Although not proved that" is wrong grammar. "Although + clause" is correct.
- "the consumption" is singular --> "reverse" is wrong.

e)Although it has not been proved that the consumption of any particular food will reverse hardening of the arteries, studies indicate that refraining from eating certain foods can
Correct.
- "It" is placeholder it. Do not look for its antecedent, because there is NO antecedent of "it" in the sentence. Placeholder IT moves the That-clause to the back, making the sentence better.

Hope it helps.



E also has Sub-Verb agreement issue. The consumption - Singular, Reverse - Plural.
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 16:32
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2018, 11:55
Experts, please help me with this question.
Only A and E are closed. Why A fails?
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2018, 20:31
aaba wrote:
Experts, please help me with this question.
Only A and E are closed. Why A fails?

Hi aaba, as daagh sir has mentioned above, in A the singular subject consumption required a singular verb reverses; however, A uses plural verb reverse.

So, A has a subject-verb agreement issue.
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Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2018, 10:53
EducationAisle wrote:
aaba wrote:
Experts, please help me with this question.
Only A and E are closed. Why A fails?

Hi aaba, as daagh sir has mentioned above, in A the singular subject consumption required a singular verb reverses; however, A uses plural verb reverse.

So, A has a subject-verb agreement issue.


thank you, I also noticed that error until an hour later when I read the explanation from daaf
Re: Despite no proof that the consumption of any particular   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 10:53

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