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# Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 12:46
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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 14:58
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vyassaptarashi wrote:
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

Your post title says it all!

The subjunctive mood must be used whenever you have an order or recommendation verb. Some examples of such verbs are order, mandate, recommend, ask and demand.

To properly use the subjunctive, the sentence structure is:

[subject] [verb] that [next subject] [infinitive form of next verb, without "to"]

For example:

Fred's boss demands that Fred be on time for work.
Financial experts recommend that investors do research.
Our professor asks that we be prepared for class.

On to the question!

When you have long complex sentences, you should start by stripping away the extraneous material. So, paraphrasing the original:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered the levels ... to be measured and that the results be published.

If we've trained ourselves well, we see the verb "ordered" and immediately think "subjunctive time!" There has to be a "that" after ordered - eliminate A, C and D.

Now we scan B and E and note that B has "should be measured". You never use "should" with an order or recommendation verb (you're already making an order or recommendation, so "should" is redundant) - eliminate B.

Only E fixes our subjunctive issues - choose E!

If we wanted to double check the structure of E:

Quote:
...state health officials... have ordered that the levels ... be measured and the results published.

There should actually be a "be" before published (which means that either the question has been mistyped or the original question isn't perfect), but otherwise all good.

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 17:50
I got E as well.

Great explanation.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2010, 03:07
I do not agree with the explanation above..
first of all a verb like " order" can take both command subjunctive or infinitive form so you cannot eliminate options which do not have subjunctive indicators for ex if there were an option that started with " TO " so you cannot eliminate it ..

other verbs that fall in this category are - order, require,ask,beg,intend,urge etc

so coming back to options
Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

The colored part is the descriptive phrase describing state health officials so subject is state health official (SHO)
a)SHO ordered the levels of bacteria ...????-doesnt make sense
b)being is always a red flag eliminate it there is a 1% chance that on gmat being is the correct option
c)k.sentence has to use either TO( form ) or THAT ( command subjunctive )
d)same problem as was with a - option doesn';t make sense
e) starts with THAT so that is correct:
THAT x and y
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 16:59
geturdream wrote:
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
241. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

for the subjunctive mood, we need that. So eliminate A, C and D
In B should is wrong. And with the results being is also wrong.

E rectifies the problem. and it maintains ||ism
be measured .. be published

Either im confused or something is weird here. "be measured" I can see. but i cannot see "be published" I only can see: and the results published. Shouldn't we have another be? I got E by PEO but still this construction is weird for me. Am I missing something?
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2011, 23:27
144144 wrote:
Either im confused or something is weird here. "be measured" I can see. but i cannot see "be published" I only can see: and the results published. Shouldn't we have another be? I got E by PEO but still this construction is weird for me. Am I missing something?

From what I gathered out of the discussion, and as you rightly doubted, it appears that option E is missing be at the end.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2011, 09:21
fluke wrote:
144144 wrote:
Either im confused or something is weird here. "be measured" I can see. but i cannot see "be published" I only can see: and the results published. Shouldn't we have another be? I got E by PEO but still this construction is weird for me. Am I missing something?

From what I gathered out of the discussion, and as you rightly doubted, it appears that option E is missing be at the end.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be

Thanks for the support.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2011, 18:38
HongHu wrote:
218. Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
In this sentence, English idiom requires one of two paradigms: x ordered y to be z‘ed or x ordered that y be z 'ed. Choice E, the best answer, employs the second of these paradigms. Choice A mixes the two paradigms
(levels... to be measured and that the results be published), producing a sentence that lacks parallelism. C
and D use neither paradigm and are thus unidiomatic. Also, in D, the pronoun their has no logical and
grammatical antecedent. Choice B unidiomatically employs the verb should (not in either paradigm); also, the
pronoun their does not agree in number with seawater, its most logical antecedent.

I strongly believe the word be is missed out in option E. E should read:
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results be

I also go with E and agree with the view that "be" is missing in E.

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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 02:54
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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.
(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be
(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being
(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be
(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results
(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 03:18
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This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 05:32
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E
because it is parallel.

Please Underline SC questions so that it will be easy to read.

In any case, i don't think it is 700 level question.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2012, 08:13
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Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be published.

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results
Command subjunctive and parallelism
he ordered that X and Y; the command subjunctive effect should be in both the parts so we have to avoid the use of anything such as,to be, be etc..before Y.
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 07:03
E is best because subjuntive voice is used appropriately.

The point I wonder is the redundancy of "be" at the end of the sentence;

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results (be)

shouldn't it be mandatory here?

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 07:22
IMO E.
Not sure if its difficult enough to be posted in this section.

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 09:30
daagh wrote:
This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.

Sir,

Kindly clarify:

1. Should the base form of the word in case of command subjunctive be verb without infinitive for ex: measure, publish rather than ed form.
2. Is "that" not required before " the results" also.

Thanks

Vivek Dixit

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 10:03
daagh wrote:
This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.

Can someone explain why "that" is required here? Thx.

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 11:26
plui31 wrote:
daagh wrote:
This is a classic case of the use of the command subjunctive and of //ism.

(A) the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches to be measured and that the results be -------1. you are missing the connector – that - in the first part while it is there in the second arm ; 2. First part is in infinitive and the second part is in subjunctive; unparallel.

(B) that seawater at popular beaches should be measured for their levels of bacteria, with the results being …. Should be measured is not part of a command subjunctive clause. This is neither fully subjunctive nor infinitive.

(C) the measure of levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches and the results to be -----ordered the measure and ordered the results - can these inanimate things be ordered?

(D) seawater measured at popular beaches for levels of bacteria, with their results ….1 Missing th all important connector –that-2. there is ambiguous. Does it stand for officials, or beaches or levels or bacteria?

(E) that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results --- correct choice. It fulfills the three essential requirements of a command subjunctive namely 1. the mandatory or the bossy word namely -ordered -. 2. the connector word – that- and 3. the base form of the verb – be measured and ( be ) published -.

Can someone explain why "that" is required here? Thx.

because of the form of subjuntive voice.

bossy word+that+subject+ base form of verb

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 17:49
frankiegar wrote:
plui31 wrote:

Can someone explain why "that" is required here? Thx.

because of the form of subjuntive voice.

bossy word+that+subject+ base form of verb

So you need "that" whenever there's a bossy word?

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 23:01
plui31 wrote:
frankiegar wrote:
plui31 wrote:

Can someone explain why "that" is required here? Thx.

because of the form of subjuntive voice.

bossy word+that+subject+ base form of verb

So you need "that" whenever there's a bossy word?

yep thats the rule. I don't know whether there is an exception. Any expert comment?

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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 12:44
E uses the subjunctive mode correctly
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Re: Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2012, 12:44

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